onion - allium cepa
Family Onion (Alliaceae).
Botanical characteristics. Family lily. Perennial. The leaves are basal, fistulous, the stem is also hollow inside. Onion bulb has a rounded or oblong bulb, covered with brownish scales. The flowers are whitish, at the top of the stem are collected in a spherical umbrella. It blooms in July – August, the fruits ripen in September. From the seeds sown in the spring in the first year by the end of August small onion grows, which become adults only in the second year. The whole plant has a peculiar smell and taste.
Spread. The plant, known from antiquity, is cultivated as a vegetable crop in open ground and in greenhouses.
Used plant parts.
Bulbs and aerial parts.
The irritating effect of onions on the mucous membranes is due to the essential oil containing sulfur compounds. Nitrogenous substances, vitamins (C, B, A), sugars (glucose, fructose, sucrose, maltose - up to 11%), flonones, iodine traces, phytoncides were found in the bulb.
Due to the phytoncide, bactericidal, anti-sclerotic properties of onions, as well as the ability to stimulate the muscles and the secretory function of the stomach and intestines.
Use with hypertension and atherosclerosis, with asthenia and hypovitaminosis.
Onions are recommended for poor appetite, for constipation caused by intestinal atony, chronic enterocolitis and diarrhea. Ingestion of onion preparations is indicated for prostatic hypertrophy, diabetes, chronic suppurative processes and furunculosis, as well as tonic for impotence. Traditional medicine considers onions and garlic anticancer drugs.
Onions are regularly consumed during epidemics of infectious diseases: influenza, cholera, childhood infections. Phytoncides of onions are treated for acute respiratory infections, sore throat, flu, with bronchiectasis, etc., for which they inhale the pulp freshly prepared from a bulb for 10-15 minutes.
Outwardly, the gruel of onions is used to treat purulent skin diseases, to rub the head with hair loss.
Onion juice is used for lubrication of the nasal cavity with rhinitis and for syringing with trichomonas colpitis and thrush.
Contraindications. Onions can irritate the gastrointestinal tract, liver and kidneys. Therefore, it is included in the diet carefully, starting with small amounts.
Fresh onion juice is mixed with honey (for 1 part juice 2 parts honey). Take 1 tablespoon of the mixture 3-4 times a day for 20-40 minutes before meals.
Pharmaceutical preparations: allylchep, allylglycer.
B.D. Yordanov, B.P. Nikolov, A. Boychinov advise: "A small onion head, eaten in the evening, is a good remedy for the treatment of prostatic hypertrophy."
In homeopathy, Allium Sulfur 3x, 3, 6 is used for diseases of the respiratory organs: in case of a common acute respiratory disease with watery, corrosive discharge from the nose, tearing and tickling in the throat; allergic sinusitis. Allium Sulfur also cures ulceration on the heels caused by friction of the shoe.