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onions - allium cepa

Onion family (Alliaceae).

Лук репчатый Лук репчатый

Botanical characteristic. Lily family. Perennial. The leaves are basal, fanned, the stem is also hollow from the inside. Onions have a rounded or oblong onion, covered with brownish scales. The flowers are whitish, at the top of the stem collected in a spherical umbrella. Blossoms in July – August; fruits ripen in September. From the seeds sown in the spring in the first year by the end of August, small bulbs grow, which become adults only in the second year. The whole plant has a specific pungent smell and taste.

Spread. The plant, known since ancient times, is cultivated as a vegetable crop in open ground and in greenhouses.

Used parts of the plant. Bulbs and aerial parts.
The irritating effect of onions on the mucous membranes is due to the essential oil containing sulfur compounds. Nitrogenous substances, vitamins (C, B, A), sugars (glucose, fructose, sucrose, maltose - up to 11%), flavonoids, traces of iodine, phytoncides were found in the bulb.

Application. Due to the phytoncidic, bactericidal, antisclerotic properties of onions, as well as the ability to stimulate muscle activity and secretory function of the stomach and intestines.
Use with hypertension and atherosclerosis, with asthenia and hypovitaminosis.
Onions are recommended for poor appetite, for constipation caused by intestinal atony, chronic enterocolitis and diarrhea. The ingestion of onion preparations is indicated for prostate hypertrophy, diabetes, chronic suppurative processes and furunculosis, as well as general strengthening for impotence. Traditional medicine considers onions and garlic antitumor agents.
Onions are regularly consumed in epidemics of infectious diseases: flu, cholera, and childhood infections. Phytoncides of onions are treated for acute respiratory infections, tonsillitis, flu, bronchiectasis, etc., for which they inhale for 10-15 minutes the evaporation of freshly prepared gruel from the onion.
Externally, gruel from onions is used to treat purulent skin diseases, for rubbing the head during hair loss.
Onion juice is used to lubricate the nasal cavity for rhinitis and for douching with Trichomonas colpitis and thrush.

Contraindications Onions can irritate the gastrointestinal tract, liver, and kidneys. Therefore, it is carefully incorporated into the diet, starting with small amounts.

Cooking. Fresh onion juice is mixed with honey (1 part juice 2 parts honey). Take 1 tablespoon of the mixture 3-4 times a day for 20-40 minutes before eating.
Pharmaceutical preparations: allylchep, allylglycer.
B.D. Yordanov, B.P. Nikolov, A. Boychinov advise: "A small onion head, eaten in the evening, is a good tool for treating prostate hypertrophy."

In homeopathy, Allium sulfur 3x, 3, 6 is used for respiratory diseases: with ordinary ARI with watery, irritating discharge from the nose, lacrimation and tickling in the throat; allergic sinusitis. Allium sulfur also heals ulcerations on the heels caused by the friction of shoes.