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garlic plant - allium sativum

Family Onion (Alliaceae).

Чеснок посевной Чеснок посевной Чеснок посевной - Allium sativum Чеснок посевной - Allium sativum

Botanical characteristics. Perennial herbaceous plant. The bulb is ovate-heart-shaped, consists of several (sometimes up to 30) small onion-cloves, dressed in one sheath. Stalk height up to 1 m, straight. Leaves are radical, wide-linear, long. Flowers nondescript, greenish-white, gathered in inflorescence - an umbrella. It blooms in July and August. Instead of fruits on the top of the stem, small aerial bulbs are formed, which serve for the vegetative reproduction of garlic.

Spread. One of the oldest cultivated plants, popular even among the Sumerians, in Egypt and in ancient Rome. Cultivated garlic is believed to be descended from a wild Central Asian ancestor. Currently, it is widely distributed in all regions of the country as a garden crop.

Used plant parts. Bulbs and leaves.

The characteristic taste and smell of garlic is determined by the essential oil, consisting of sulfur compounds. Contains nitrogenous substances, glycoside almin, phytosterols, metal salts, vitamins C and vitamins of group B.

The use of garlic in medicine

It is widely used as a vegetable plant and at the same time is a medicinal plant in folk and scientific medicine.

Garlic somewhat lowers blood pressure, normalizes metabolism, helps to eliminate excess cholesterol from the body and is used to prevent and treat hypertension and atherosclerosis.

The bulbs and green leaves improve digestion and stimulate appetite, they act spasmolytically with gastrointestinal colic, flatulence and chronic enterocolitis. Garlic enhances diuresis, is used in diseases of the kidneys and bladder, kidney stones, prostate adenoma.

In folk medicine, it is used for many diseases: for impotence, as an antihelminthic in combination with garlic enemas; as an antitumor agent; with amenorrhea, beriberi, chronic skin diseases.

It is well known strong bactericidal effect of garlic, due to phytoncides. Garlic is taken for various infectious and febrile diseases for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes: for flu, sore throat, dysentery, etc.

Outwardly in the form of gruel, juice, ointment and water infusions of bulbs and leaves are used to treat sluggish healing wounds, tonsillitis and rhinitis, trichomonas colpitis, pyoderma, psoriasis, seborrhea, warts, corns.

Contraindications. May be irritating to the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys and liver. Patients who are not used to garlic should take it with caution, starting with small amounts (1-2 cloves per day).

Cooking and using garlic

  • Pharmaceutical preparations: Garlic is a component of allohol tablets, used for chronic hepatitis , cholecystitis and constipation .
  • In case of gastrointestinal diseases, 1-3 cloves of garlic are eaten.
  • Enemas are prepared at the rate of 5-6 teeth (finely chopped) per cup of warm water.
  • Grated garlic in the form of gruel is used as an external agent for oily seborrhea and hair loss .
  • Infusion of garlic: 2-3 cloves finely chopped garlic pour a glass of boiling water. After 40-60 minutes, the infusion is used as an external agent: instilled into the nose, rinse the throat, make lotions and douching.
  • Tincture of garlic bulbs: 7 - 10 g of garlic, crushed, poured vodka (0.5 l). Insist week in a warm place. Used for rubbing with myositis, neuralgia in patients with diabetes mellitus.
  • Broth garlic bulbs: 1 tbsp. l chopped cloves of garlic pour a glass of boiled water, boil a minute with the lid closed and insist half an hour. Filter and drink 1 to 2 tbsp. l 3 times a day after meals, mainly in chronic cholecystitis.
  • Infusion of garlic: 5 g of crushed cloves of garlic insist on a glass of milk for 30 minutes. Used as a lotion for purulent ulcers, panaritiums or for an enema for hemorrhoids . It is used for douching for diabetics with genital itching.
  • Garlic ointment: Make a gruel of 10 - 12 g of garlic, mix it with 20 g of duck or goose fat, rubbing it thoroughly in a mortar. Used as a rubbing with joint and neuralgic pains.
  • There is an old way to treat garlic toothache. In case of pain, the wrist is rubbed with garlic from the back side (the hand opposite to the diseased side), then it is covered with a thin cotton rag. Put finely crumbled garlic on a rag. Tightly bandaged the arm so that the garlic fits tightly against the wrist, especially the pulse area. After some time (20-30 minutes) the toothache disappears, if it is, of course, not a purulent inflammation of the periosteum. You should not keep garlic for more than 30 minutes, as there may be a skin burn.

Garlic in the garden

Garlic is an effective remedy against many pests of garden and fruit-berry crops: ticks, aphids, fungal and viral diseases, slugs, ants, beeswax moths, worms, chrushchakov etc.

Instead of using toxic chemicals on your own garden plot, which ultimately still enter your stomach to you and your children, use infusion of garlic or other green insecticides (aconite, celandine, wild rosemary, hemlock head, onion, yarrow, delphinium, leafs of tomatoes and potatoes, dandelion, tansy, juniper, nightshade, caustic buttercup, etc., or mixtures of these plants).

The infusion of garlic is prepared as follows: 300 g of garlic finely cut, pour 2-3 liters of water and bring to a boil. Immediately turn off the fire, cover with a rag and insist 2-3 hours or night. Then the infusion is filtered and diluted with water to 10 liters (before the bucket). Sick or healthy plants are sprayed with this infusion and the ground around them to prevent diseases.

It is better to spray not with a watering can, but with an ordinary broom. Such spraying is carried out 2-3 times a season or more often when the need arises. All cultivated plants, even roses, are well tolerated by the infusion of garlic. As early as the morning after spraying, you can see how birds run under bushes and collect insects (and what will happen to the birds, if instead of garlic you sprinkle bushes with karbofos?).

Homeopathy. In homeopathy, Allium sativum 3, 3 is used in allergic reactions, polyposis, bronchial asthma and adenoviral infections.