Anethum graveolens L.
Botanical characteristics. Umbrella family. Biennial herb with erect hollow stem. It has a fleshy fusiform root. Leaves alternate, dissected into narrow linear lobes. Small light yellow flowers are collected in complex umbrellas. It blooms in July and August. The fruits ripen in September. Fruit - dvusemyanka - spicy and fragrant.
Spread. Grows wild in the Crimea, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It is cultivated as a food and medicinal plant in Belarus, in Moldova and in the south of Ukraine.
Used plant parts.
Fruits and herbs.
Found in the grass essential oil (a mixture of terpenes). There are flavonoids, fatty oil, fenchone, anetil, carotene and ascorbic acid in dill grass and fruits.
It has hypotensive, diuretic, cardiotonic, antispasmodic, laxative, choleretic, expectorant and carminative action.
Dill is indicated for the initial stages of hypertension, angina pectoris, neurosis and insomnia. Herbal infusions prescribed for convulsions, intestinal colic, flatulence and liver disease. The herb has a firming effect, improves the appetite and increases the body's resistance to certain acute respiratory and infectious diseases. Sometimes dill is used as an expectorant and laxative.
In order to obtain a diuretic effect, dill is added to the mixture for the treatment of diseases of the kidneys and the bladder. In folk medicine, dill is used in kidney and urolithiasis. N.G. Kovaleva recommends dill (grass and fruits) for the treatment of hypertensive disease I – II stage and atherosclerosis, accompanied by headaches.
The plant stimulates the separation of milk from lactating women.
In the famous book Odo of Men, "On the properties of herbs" after listing all the advantages of dill, it is said that dill, with constant use, harms the eyes and "locks the seed."
Infusion: 1 tablespoon of chopped herbs or seeds infused with 1.5 cups of boiling water (daily dose).
Powder from the fruits of dill: 1 g (at the tip of the knife) is taken 8 times a day (washed down with water) 20-40 minutes before meals.