Anethum graveolens L.
Botanical characteristic. Umbrella family. Biennial herb with an upright hollow stem. Has a fleshy fusiform root. The leaves are alternate, dissected into narrow linear lobes. Small light yellow flowers are collected in complex umbrellas. It blooms in July – August. The fruits ripen in September. The fruit is a two-seeded spicy and fragrant.
Spread. It grows wild in the Crimea, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It is cultivated as a food and medicinal plant in Belarus, in Moldova and in the south of Ukraine.
Used parts of the plant.
Fruits and herbs.
Essential oil (terpen mixture) found in grass. There are flavonoids, fatty oil, fenchon, anethyl, carotene and ascorbic acid in the grass and fruits of dill.
It has hypotensive, diuretic, cardiotonic, antispasmodic, laxative, choleretic, expectorant and carminative effects.
Dill is indicated in the initial stages of hypertension, angina pectoris, neurosis and insomnia. Infusions of grass are prescribed for convulsions, intestinal colic, flatulence and liver diseases. The grass has a firming effect, improves appetite and increases the body's resistance to some acute respiratory and infectious diseases. Sometimes dill is used as an expectorant and mild laxative.
In order to obtain a diuretic effect, dill is added to the mixture for the treatment of kidney and bladder diseases. In folk medicine, dill is used for kidney and urolithiasis. N.G. Kovaleva recommends dill (grass and fruits) for the treatment of stage I – II hypertension and atherosclerosis, accompanied by headaches.
The plant stimulates milk separation in lactating women.
In the famous book by Odo from Men “On the properties of herbs” after listing all the advantages of dill, dill, when used continuously, harms the eyes and “locks the seed”.
Infusion: 1 tablespoon of crushed grass or seeds is insisted with 1.5 cups of boiling water (daily dose).
Dill powder: 1 g (at the tip of a knife) is taken 8 times a day (washed down with water) 20–40 minutes before meals.