common caraway seeds
Carum carvi L.
Botanical characteristic. Umbrella family. A biennial herb with a hollow grooved stem up to 1 m high inside. In the first year, the plant forms only a basal rosette of leaves, the stem appears in the second year. The leaves are regular, gradually decreasing to the apex. Small white flowers are collected on the tops of the stems in a complex umbrella. It blooms in May – June. Fruits - two-parted achenes, ripen in July – August.
Spread. In the wild, it is distributed in the European part of Russia, in Siberia, in the Far East, and is found in Central Asia. It grows in dry forest glades, in fields, near roads. It is cultivated as a food and medicinal plant.
Used parts of the plant.
Caraway seeds contain an essential oil (from 3 to 7%), consisting mainly of carvone and limonene; tannins and fatty oil (up to 22%). Flavonoids (quercetin, kempferol and isoramnetin) and acetylene compounds - polyines were isolated from flowers and grass.
Application. Cumin stimulates appetite, promotes digestion, acts antispasmodically (on the muscles of the intestines, uterus, ureters, bladder), enhances the secretion of bronchi, increases lactation. In folk medicine, caraway is taken as an expectorant for bronchitis, and also as an anesthetic, laxative and carminative for gastritis, enterocolitis, intestinal colic in children, flatulence, chronic atonic constipation. Recommended to enhance milk production in nursing mothers.
Infusion: 2-3 teaspoons of caraway seeds are insisted in 200 ml of boiling water (preferably in a thermos) - taken throughout the day.
Folk recipe: 1 tablespoon of fruit in one glass of sour cream; boil for 3 minutes. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day when breastfeeding to enhance lactation (A.I. Popov).