white birch - betula albosinensis l.
Botanical characteristics. Birch family. Of the 120 species of birch in the former USSR, 40 grow. The most common are hanging birch and fluffy birch. White birch reaches a height of 20 m. Leaves on long petioles, ovoid or triangular, bicustate at the edges, May leaves fragrant, sticky. The bark is white, smooth, black at the bottom of the trunk. Dicate flowers, collected in inflorescences - earrings. It blooms in May and June. The fruit is a single-seeded winged nut.
Spread. It is widely distributed in the forest and forest-steppe zones of the European and Asian territory of Russia.
Used plant parts.
Bark, leaves, buds, birch sap. Birch charcoal is prepared from the bark.
Birch buds and leaves contain saponins, tannins, resins, sugars, vitamins, essential oils, triterpene alcohols, inositol, flavonoids and substances with phytoncidal properties.
Birch buds, leaves and bark have a balsamic smell and a bitter taste; in folk medicine they are considered a good diaphoretic, diuretic and blood-purifying agent.
An infusion of may leaves is drunk with neurasthenia as a normalizing condition of the nervous system and with atherosclerosis as an improvement in metabolism and a diuretic. Infusion of leaves or buds is used in cardiovascular insufficiency and edema associated with it.
Infusion of leaves has a mild choleretic effect, it is expedient to appoint it for acute and chronic hepatitis. Birch leaves and buds are a necessary component in the treatment of kidney and urinary tract diseases - nephritis, pyelonephritis, cystitis, kidney stones.
Birch sap is effective in anemia, general weakness, gout, rheumatism, furunculosis, as an anti-inflammatory and wound healing remedy.
The leaves are used for acute febrile diseases, as diaphoretic, in addition, they contain a large amount of ascorbic acid.
Outwardly widely used bark, leaves, buds and birch tar. Bark - as a wound healing and early cleanser; infusion and decoctions of leaves and buds - for baths, compresses and poultices for rheumatism, gout, skin rashes, eczema, bedsores and burns.
Birch tar is included in ointments prescribed for skin diseases and wounds (Vishnevsky ointment, Vil-Kinson ointment). Activated carbon derived from birch wood (carbol) is widely used by doctors in everyday practice (with flatulence, poisoning, with the preoperative preparation of patients).
Contraindications. Birch buds should be used with caution, as gummy substances can irritate the renal parenchyma, so you should monitor urine tests.
2 tablespoons of young birch leaves insist in 2 cups of boiling water. Take 1/2 cup 3-4 times daily before meals (for 20-30 minutes).
2 teaspoons of kidney per 1 cup of boiling water, insist in a thermos or prepare a decoction. Drink in three doses for 20-40 minutes before meals.
Birch sap is drunk 1 glass on an empty stomach 2-3 times a day for 2-3 weeks. In this case, patients need to strictly follow the milk-vegetable diet.
In the folk medicine practice, birch tar mixed in equal quantity with lamb and lard is made into an ointment, which is used in the treatment of wounds and skin diseases.
- All about birch mushroom - chagu
- Chaga in the herbalist section
- Flat birch - Betula platyphylla sucacz.