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immortelle sandy, Cmin - helichrysum arenarium l.

Family Asteraceae (Asteraceae) - Compositae

Бессмертник песчаный, цмин – Helichrysum arenarium L. Бессмертник песчаный, цмин – Helichrysum arenarium L.

Botanical characteristics. Perennial herbaceous plant up to 40 cm. Grows on dry sandy soils.

Rhizome short, weakly branching, with thin bright roots. Stalk straight with remnants of dead leaves. Leaves are short-stemmed, oblong-ovate, stem - sessile linear-lanceolate. The flowers are yellow or orange, collected in corymbose inflorescences. Fruits are small, brown achene. Blossoms in June - July, fruits in August - September. Introduced into the culture, due to high demand.

Spread. Quite widespread in the European part of Russia, in Western Siberia, in the Caucasus, in Central Asia. It grows on dry sandy soils, in light pine forests, on hillsides, on fields, sometimes forming continuous thickets.

Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are unblown baskets with a stem up to 5 cm, which are dried in a dryer at a temperature not higher than 40 ° C, and seeds collected as they mature.

Chemical composition. Inflorescences contain: carbohydrates and related compounds: polysaccharides, pectinic acids; aromatic compounds, carotenoids, essential oil, organic acids: tartaric, oxalic; tannins, coumarins: skopoletin, umbelliferon; flavonoids: gelichrizin, apigenin, luteolin, kempfenol, quercetin and their glycosides; heterocyclic compounds: homoarenol, areol; quinones, vitamins, microelements. Seeds contain fatty oil.

Application. Immortelle is widely used in medicine. Flowers are included in the domestic pharmacopoeia of the 8-10th edition and the pharmacopoeia of several countries of the world.

Herbal preparations (dry extract and granules) are used as a choleretic agent for cholelithiasis, cholecystitis, cholangitis, hepatitis, biliary dyskinesia.

The drug "Arenarine" in the form of an ointment is used for eye burns, erosions and corneal ulcers of various etiologies, as a regenerating and antibiotic agent.

Included in the collection of M.N. Zdrenko used for bladder patillomatosis and anacid gastritis. Preparations "Flamin" is used for chronic cholecystitis; "Aristochol" (Germany) with cholecystopathy and hepatopathy.

In practical medicine, Cmin preparations are used as anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antispasmodic, normalizing metabolism, tonic; as part of medicinal fees for atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, gastritis, pancreatitis, stomach cramps, constipation, as an anthelmintic agent, for bleeding of various etiologies, bronchitis, laryngitis, impotence (especially seeds); outward and inward - for the treatment of dermatitis. The extract is part of the preparations "Choleflavin" - choleretic action and "Flastopiola" - which has anti-ulcer properties.

It is used as a weak sedative and metabolism improving agent in atherosclerosis; has a tonic effect, may slightly increase blood pressure; stimulates the function of the stomach and pancreas, increases intestinal motility - used in gastritis, pancreatitis, colitis, atonic constipation. But, mostly, the immortelle is used in folk and scientific medicine as an excellent hepatic remedy, regulating both bile formation and bile excretion . It is used in diseases of the liver, biliary tract and pancreas, has a diuretic, anthelmintic, hemostatic effect.

In the experiment, the extract has antiviral activity, increases blood pressure, promotes rapid bile secretion, has hepatoprotective and antioxidant properties; activates the secretory ability of the pancreas; Arenarine is active against type B influenza virus, boosts the body's immunity, has anti-inflammatory properties; essential oil increases the excretion of bile and bile acids; the amount of polysaccharides has a spasmolytic effect; infusions and decoctions show bactericidal and phytoncidal activity.

In folk medicine in many countries, tsmina preparations are used mainly as a choleretic agent for liver diseases, as well as for nephritis, cystitis, atherosclerosis, kidney diseases, diabetes, paralysis, facial nerve neuralgia, eczema, tuberculosis, as diuretic, laxative; in collections with diabetes, female diseases, headache; inside and outwardly - in the treatment of skin diseases, bites of rabid animals and insects.

Pharmaceutical preparation called flamin is administered orally 1 tablet 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals (with a small amount of warm water). Dry immortelle extract - granulated powder from immortelle flowers is taken 1 g 3 times a day.

Cooking For an infusion, they take 10 g of flowers, pour 200 ml of boiling water over them, insist on a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool them for 45 minutes, filter. Take 1 tbsp. spoon 2-3 times daily before meals.

Finished products are taken as prescribed by the doctor and instructions.

Contraindications. The immortelle is weakly toxic and has cumulative properties, therefore it is not used for more than 3 months in a row.