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immortelle sand, cmin - helichrysum arenarium l.

Asteraceae Family - Compositae

Бессмертник песчаный, цмин – Helichrysum arenarium L. Бессмертник песчаный, цмин – Helichrysum arenarium L.

Botanical characteristic. Perennial herb up to 40 cm high. Grows on dry sandy soils.

The rhizome is short, slightly branched, with thin light roots. The stalk is straight with the remains of dead leaves. Leaves basal short-leaved, oblong-ovate, stem - sessile linear-lanceolate. The flowers are yellow or orange, collected in corymbose inflorescences. The fruits are small, brown achenes. It blooms in June - July, bears fruit in August - September. Introduced into the culture, due to high demand.

Spread. It is quite widespread in the European part of Russia, in Western Siberia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia. It grows on dry sandy soils, in light pine forests, on hillsides, in the fields, sometimes forming continuous thickets.

Used parts of the plant. Medicinal raw materials are unblown baskets with a stalk up to 5 cm, which are dried in dryers at a temperature not exceeding 40 ° C, and seeds collected as they ripen.

Chemical composition. Inflorescences contain: carbohydrates and related compounds: polysaccharides, pectic acids; aromatic compounds, carotenoids, essential oil, organic acids: tartaric, oxalic; tannins, coumarins: scopoletin, umbelliferon; flavonoids: gelichrysin, apigenin, luteolin, campfenol, quercetin and their glycosides; heterocyclic compounds: homoarenol, arenol; quinones, vitamins, minerals. Seeds contain fatty oil.

Application. Immortelle is widely used in medicine. Flowers are included in the domestic pharmacopeia of the 8-10th edition and the pharmacopeia of a number of countries of the world.

Galenic preparations (dry extract and granules) are used as a choleretic agent for gallstone disease, cholecystitis, cholangitis, hepatitis, biliary dyskinesia.

The drug "Arenarin" in the form of ointment is used for eye burns, erosion and ulcers of the cornea of ​​various etiologies, as a regenerating and antibiotic agent.

Included in the collection M.N. Zdrenko used for bladder patillomatosis and anacid gastritis. Preparations "Flamin" is used for chronic cholecystitis; "Aristochol" (Germany) for cholecystopathy and hepatopathy.

In practical medicine, cumin preparations are used as anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antispasmodic, normalizing metabolism, tonic; as part of medicinal preparations for atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, gastritis, pancreatitis, stomach cramps, constipation, as an anthelmintic, for bleeding of various etiologies, bronchitis, laryngitis, impotence (especially seeds); externally and inward - for the treatment of dermatitis. The extract is part of the preparations of "Choleflavin" - a choleretic action and "Flastopiol" - with antiulcer properties.

It is used as a weak sedative and metabolic enhancer for atherosclerosis; has a tonic effect, can slightly increase blood pressure; It stimulates the function of the stomach and pancreas, enhances intestinal motility - it is used for gastritis, pancreatitis, colitis, atonic constipation. But, basically, the immortelle is used in folk and scientific medicine as an excellent liver remedy that regulates both bile formation and bile secretion . It is used for diseases of the liver, biliary tract and pancreas, has a diuretic, anthelmintic, hemostatic effect.

In the experiment, the extract has antiviral activity, increases blood pressure, promotes rapid bile secretion, has hepatoprotective and antioxidant properties; activates the secretory ability of the pancreas; arenarin is active against type B influenza virus, increases the body's immunity, has anti-inflammatory properties; essential oil increases the secretion of bile and bile acids; the amount of polysaccharides has an antispasmodic effect; infusions and decoctions exhibit bactericidal and phytoncidal activity.

In folk medicine in many countries, cmin drugs are used mainly as a choleretic agent for liver diseases, as well as for nephritis, cystitis, atherosclerosis, kidney diseases, diabetes, paralysis, facial neuralgia, for eczema, tuberculosis, as a diuretic, laxative; in fees for diabetes, female diseases, headache; inside and out - in the treatment of skin diseases, bites of rabid animals and insects.

A pharmaceutical drug called flaming is prescribed orally 1 tablet 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals (with a small amount of warm water). Immortelle extract dry - granular powder from immortelle flowers is taken 1 g 3 times a day.

Cooking. For infusion, take 10 g of flowers, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take 1 tbsp. spoon 2-3 times a day before meals.

Finished preparations are taken according to the doctor’s instructions and instructions.

Contraindications Immortelle is slightly toxic and has cumulative properties, therefore it is not used for more than 3 consecutive months.