lingonberry - vacciinium vitis idaea l.
Heather Family - Ericaceae
Botanical characteristics. Evergreen shrub up to 30 cm tall. It grows on the mountains, spruce forests in the thickets of cedar elfin woods.
Rhizome creeping. The stem is erect. Leaves are leathery elliptical, finely toothed, with slightly curled edges, dark green above, shiny, lighter below, with scattered dark brown glands. The flowers are bell-shaped, four-dimensional, pale pink, in short drooping inflorescences. The fruit is a red, juicy berry. Seeds of the lunar form. It flowers in May - June, bears fruit in August - September.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are leaves and fruits. The leaves are harvested before flowering, the fruits - as they mature.
Chemical composition. The leaves contain vitamins, phenols and their derivatives, aldehydes, phenol carboxylic acids, tannins, catechins, flavonoids.
Fruits contain carbohydrates (glucose, fructose, sucrose, pectin), organic acids (citric, benzoic, malic, quinic, tartaric, salicylic), vitamins, essential oil (in its composition aliphatic alcohols), salts, anthocyanins.
Application. Lingonberry has long been used in folk medicine. For many centuries this unfading evergreen has served people. The high content of benzoic acid in the plant allowed him to get such popularity. The collected fruits do not spoil for a long time, since benzoic and salicylic acids suppress the processes of rotting and fermentation. It is used as a tonic, antipyretic, diuretic, antiseptic, astringent, antiscorbutic, anthelmintic agent. Broths and infusions of leaves and fruits are used for dysentery, gastritis, cholecystitis, stomach tumors, bleeding, pulmonary tuberculosis, diabetes, rheumatism, enteritis as antibacterial, with hypertensive disease, salt deposition, cough, radiculitis, gout, renal stone disease, mate bleeding, diarrhea.
In Siberia, cowberry preparations are used for colds, headaches, catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, as hemostatic. Infusions and decoctions of lingonberry leaves are antibacterial for staphylococci, streptococci and Escherichia coli.
Fresh cowberry fruits are used in homeopathy with beriberi, as a laxative, diuretic, bactericidal, antiseptic, anthelmintic, choleretic.
Fresh juice and lingonberry extract is used as a firming, tonic, in inflammatory processes of the urinary tract, in violation of the mineral and purine metabolism, in the treatment of tumors of the stomach and skin, jaundice; diabetes. Fruits prescribed for gastritis with reduced gastric secretion, atherosclerosis, as a multivitamin product. Infusion of flowers used in eye diseases, diathesis, as a phytoncidal agent for gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
- For an infusion, take 20 g of leaves, pour 200 ml of boiling water, infuse in a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day.
- Fresh juice is consumed in 1 tbsp. spoon 3-6 times a day. Infusion of flowers prepared in the same way as from the leaves.
Use of cowberry in the diet
Lingonberry fruits are widely consumed in dietary health food. Berries are eaten fresh, pickled and soaked, candied, pickled, dried. Of them cooked jam, jams, syrups. Wet and pickled lingonberries served with roasted meat, game, fish dishes and added to salads. From dried berries cook jelly, stuffing in caramel, lingonberry drinks. From the leaves brewed tea.
Ripe berries are washed, dried, placed in jars and filled with hot syrup (600 ml of water and 600 g of sugar per 1 l of syrup). Filled jars are covered with lids and sterilized for 20 minutes. Seal, cool and store in a cool place.
Natural cowberry cream
Berries are washed, allowed to drain, spread into a socket, covered with whipped cream, syrup and sprinkled with nuts.
- Lingonberry - 100 g,
- cream - 30 g,
- syrup - 20 g,
- walnuts - 5 - 7 g.
Ripe berries are washed, dried, placed in jars, poured boiling water, covered with lids and sterilized for 10 - 15 minutes. Seal, cool and store in a cool place.
Lingonberries are washed in cold water, put in a dry enameled bowl and poured with cooled syrup. Store in the basement.
Syrup preparation : on 1 l of water 50 g of sugar and 6 g of salt, cinnamon, allspice to taste.
Washed lingonberries thoroughly knead wooden pestle and squeeze the juice. Pulp is poured with hot water and boiled for 5 minutes. Filter and add the pressed juice and sugar into the broth. Drink stand 2 days.
- Lingonberry - 150 g,
- sugar - 120 g,
- water - 1l.
Lingonberry with horseradish
Marinated lingonberries are mixed with grated horseradish and served as a seasoning for meat dishes.
- Marinated lingonberries - 300 g,
- horseradish grated - 70 - 100 g.