common lingonberry - vacciinium vitis idaea l.
Heather Family - Ericaceae
Botanical characteristic. Evergreen shrub up to 30 cm tall. Grows on char, fir spruce, in the thickets of cedar dwarf.
The rhizome is creeping. The stem is erect. The leaves are leathery elliptic, finely serrated, with slightly curled edges, dark green above, shiny, lighter underneath, with scattered dark brown glands. The flowers are bell-shaped, four-dimensional, pale pink, in short drooping inflorescences. The fruit is a red, juicy berry. Semilunar shape seeds. It blooms in May - June, bears fruit in August - September.
Used parts of the plant. Medicinal raw materials are leaves and fruits. Leaves are collected before flowering, fruits - as they ripen.
Chemical composition. Leaves contain vitamins, phenols and their derivatives, aldehydes, phenolcarboxylic acids, tannins, catechins, flavonoids.
The fruits contain carbohydrates (glucose, fructose, sucrose, pectin), organic acids (citric, benzoic, malic, quinic, tartaric, salicylic), vitamins, essential oil (it contains aliphatic alcohols), salts, anthocyanins.
Application. Lingonberry has long been used in folk medicine. For many centuries, this unfading evergreen plant has been serving people. The high content of benzoic acid in the plant allowed him to get such popularity. The collected fruits do not deteriorate for a long time, since benzoic and salicylic acids inhibit the processes of decay and fermentation. It is used as a tonic, antipyretic, diuretic, antiseptic, astringent, anti-zingotic, anthelmintic. Decoctions and infusions of leaves and fruits are used for dysentery, gastritis, cholecystitis, tumors of the stomach, bleeding, pulmonary tuberculosis, diabetes, rheumatism, enteritis as antibacterial, with hypertension, salt deposition, cough, radiculitis, gout, kidney stone disease, uterine bleeding, diarrhea.
In Siberia, lingonberry preparations are used for colds, headaches, and catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, as hemostatic. Infusions and decoctions of lingonberry leaves are antibacterial for staphylococci, streptococci and Escherichia coli.
Fresh lingonberry fruits are used in homeopathy for vitamin deficiency, as a laxative, diuretic, bactericidal, antiseptic, anthelmintic, choleretic.
Fresh juice and lingonberry extract are used as a firming, tonic, in inflammatory processes of the urinary tract, in violation of mineral and purine metabolism, in the treatment of tumors of the stomach and skin, jaundice; diabetes. Fruits are prescribed for gastritis with reduced secretory function of the stomach, atherosclerosis, as a multivitamin product. The infusion of flowers is used for eye diseases, diathesis, as a phytoncide agent, for gastric and duodenal ulcers.
- For infusion, take 20 g of leaves, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day.
- Fresh juice is consumed in 1 tbsp. spoon 3-6 times a day. An infusion of flowers is prepared in the same way as from leaves.
The use of lingonberry ordinary in nutrition
Lingonberry fruits are widely consumed in food, in dietetic nutrition. Berries are eaten fresh, pickled and soaked, candied, pickled, dried. From them jam, jam, syrups are cooked. Soaked and pickled lingonberries are served with grilled meat, game, fish dishes and added to salads. Dried berries are used to make jelly, caramel filling, lingonberry drinks. Tea is brewed from the leaves.
Ripe berries are washed, dried, stacked in jars and poured with hot syrup (600 ml of water and 600 g of sugar per 1 liter of syrup). The filled cans are covered with lids and sterilized for 20 minutes. It is sealed, cooled and stored in a cool place.
Natural lingonberry with cream
The berries are washed, allowed to drain water, laid out in a socket, covered with whipped cream, syrup and sprinkled with nuts.
- Lingonberry - 100 g,
- cream - 30 g
- syrup - 20 g
- walnuts - 5 - 7 g.
Ripe berries are washed, dried, stacked in jars, poured with boiling water, covered with lids and sterilized for 10-15 minutes. It is sealed, cooled and stored in a cool place.
Lingonberries are washed in cold water, put in a dry enameled bowl and poured with chilled syrup. Store in the basement.
Syrup preparation : 50 g of sugar and 6 g of salt, cinnamon, allspice to taste per 1 liter of water.
The washed lingonberries are thoroughly kneaded with a wooden pestle and squeezed juice. The pulp is poured with hot water and boiled for 5 minutes. Filter and squeezed juice and sugar are added to the broth. The drink is kept for 2 days.
- Lingonberry - 150 g,
- sugar - 120 g
- water - 1l.
Lingonberry with horseradish
Pickled lingonberries are mixed with grated horseradish and served as a seasoning for meat dishes.
- Pickled lingonberries - 300 g,
- grated horseradish - 70 - 100 g.