ivy-shaped budra clechoma hederacea l.
Family Sponge Flowers - Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Botanical characteristics. Perennial herbaceous plant. It grows in wet meadows and fields, in gardens and kitchen gardens.
Stalk creeping up to 70 cm long, with ascending shoots up to 30 cm tall. The leaves are opposite, petiolate, reniform, pubescent with absently short hairs. Flowers in the axillary rings of two or three. The corolla is blue-violet. The fruit is an elongated oval brown nutlet. It blooms from April to late summer.
Spread. It is found everywhere in the fields, roads, in kitchen gardens, in the forest, mainly on fertile moist soils.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw material is the whole plant. It is pulled out with a root during flowering and dried at a temperature not higher than 50 ° C.
Chemical composition. All parts of the plant contain organic acids, essential oil, diterpenoids (marrubin), triterpenoids, steroids, higher fatty acids, iridoids, saponins, alkaloids, vitamins, phenol carboxylic acids (coffee, synapic, ferulic), tannins, flavonoids. Seeds contain fatty oil.
Application. Recently, Ivy budra is widely used in diseases of the bladder, liver cancer, ascites, bronchopneumonia, diseases of the thyroid gland and throat, as a hypotensive agent.
Ivy-like budry preparations exhibit antimetastatic, choleretic, wound-healing properties, have a lactogenic and antibacterial effect. Essential oil is an antiseptic and wound-healing agent, it can be used to heal various wounds, ulcers.
Broths and infusions in folk medicine are used for bronchial asthma, bronchitis, pulmonary tuberculosis, diseases of the stomach, liver, spleen, urolithiasis, various convulsions; outwardly - in the treatment of scabies, toothache. In collections - with liver diseases, hemorrhoids, with complicated pregnancy, in obstetric and gynecological practice as an antiseptic.
Budra ivyhsevidnaya is official raw materials in France, Brazil and the United States.
- To get the infusion, take 20 g of leaves and flowers, pour 200 ml of boiling water and leave for 15 minutes in a boiling water bath, cool for 45 minutes, filter and take 2 tbsp. spoons 2-4 times a day, regardless of the meal.
- For the broth, 15 g of the above-ground part of the plant or the roots are crushed, poured 200 ml of boiling water, insisted on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cooled for 15 minutes, filtered. Take 2 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day after meals.
- For external use, 1 tablespoon of herbs is infused with 1 cup of boiling water or boiled in 1.5 glasses of water for 15 minutes. Cool, use.
Contraindications. The plant is considered poisonous, apply under the supervision of a physician.