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narrow-leaved fireweed (Ivan tea) - epilobium angustifolium

Кипрей узколистный (иван-чай) Кипрей узколистный (иван-чай)

Botanical characteristic. The family of cypress. Perennial herb reaching a height of 1.5 m.
The stem is straight, bare. Leaves are alternate, lanceolate, short-deciduous. Pinkish-red flowers are collected at the end of the stem in a large brush. Flowers in inflorescence bloom from the bottom up. It blooms in June and July.

Spread. A widespread plant in most of European territory, Siberia, the Far East. It appears in large quantities on clearings, after fires, grows on forest edges, along the banks of rivers and lakes, sometimes like a weed in gardens and vegetable gardens.

Used parts of the plant. The upper part of the plant is in bloom and leaves.
The plant contains a large amount of tannin (up to 10%) of the pyro-gall group, a lot of mucus, alkaloids, ascorbic acid, sugar and pectin. The pronounced anti-inflammatory and enveloping effect of fireweed is associated with a high content of tannin and mucus in it.

Application. Fireweed has a calming effect on the nervous system, with its tranquilizing properties slightly inferior to valerian.
The plant exhibits a strong enveloping and anti-inflammatory effect; It is used for enterocolitis accompanied by diarrhea, as well as for peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum and chronic gastritis.
Fireweed is considered in folk medicine an antitumor agent.

Cooking. 2 tablespoons of the herb is infused with 2 glasses of boiling water (daily dose).