Chelidonium majus L.
Botanical characteristics. Poppy family. Perennial herbaceous plant up to 1 m. Stem root, branched, sometimes fluffy. When an incision is made, the whole plant produces yellowish milky sap. Stem bristly, branched. Leaves are pinnate, alternate. The flowers are small, golden-yellow, collected in simple umbrellas. It blooms from June to early August. Fruit - pod-box, ripens in August and September.
Spread. It grows in the European part of Russia (except for the Far North), in the Urals, in Siberia, in the Caucasus. It grows on forest edges, like a weed in gardens, on stone walls, on rocky slopes and forest edges.
Used plant parts.
Grass, roots and fresh plant juice.
The celandine grass contains alkaloids chelidonin, homohelidonin, chelerythrine, methoxyhelidonin, hydroxyhelidonin, sanguinarine, protopine,? -Alloptonin,? -Allocryptonin, spartein, etc. In addition to alkaloids, essential oils, vitamins (ascetes, and vitamins (ascents), and vitamins (ascants, and in vitro, aspirantin, etc., are extracted from the plant. saponins and acids (citric, malic, succinic, and chelidonic).
Alkaloids celandine studied. In animal experiments, chelidonine has an effect similar to morphine: causes depression and paralysis of the central nervous system; homohelidonin acts as a convulsive poison; Sanguinarine stimulates the secretion of the salivary glands and enhances intestinal motility, has a narcotic effect, protopine tones up the smooth muscles of the uterus and reduces the excitability threshold of the autonomic nervous system.
It has a choleretic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antitumor and diuretic effect. It is prescribed for hepatitis, cholecystitis, cholangitis, pancreatitis, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, gastric and intestinal polyposis, ulcerative nonspecific colitis. It has a slight laxative effect.
In folk medicine, grass, roots and fresh juice of celandine are used in various skin diseases (both inwardly and externally), sluggish healing wounds, tumors, in the treatment of corns and scabies.
Celandine has a sedative effect on the nervous system, has hypotensive and antispasmodic effects, may be useful in the treatment of neurosis, neurocirculatory dystonia for cardiac and hypertensive type, thyrotoxicosis and epilepsy.
Contraindications. Due to the toxicity of the celandine, the treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a physician, start with small doses or use it in collections mixed with other plants.
Infusion: 2 teaspoons of herbs per 1 cup of boiled water - daily intake. Infusion for external use: 2 tablespoons of herbs per 500 ml of water.
Homeopathic Chelidonium 3x, 3, 6 is most often used for liver diseases. Characteristic symptoms: deterioration in wet and cold weather, improvement in a warm room, aversion to cold drinks and meat,
attraction to hot coffee, right-hand remedy. Sometimes it is advisable the appointment of Chelidonium for pneumonia and pleurisy, gout, headaches with dizziness and weakness, cancer of the stomach and liver.