Cichorium intubus L.
Botanical characteristics. Compositae family. The stem is erect, rough, up to 120 cm high. Basal leaves are notched-pinnate, stem ones are alternate, lanceolate. The flowers are light blue, reed, collected in the axils of the leaves in inflorescences - single baskets. It blooms from June to September. Before flowering, the plant for several years consists only of a basal rosette of leaves. It has a fleshy large long root (up to 1.5 m). Seeds ripen in July – September.
Spread. Wild chicory grows in dry, sunny places: on waste grounds, on hills, along roads and fields. Distributed in the European part of Russia, in Western Siberia and the Caucasus. It is cultivated as a dietary and medicinal plant, distinguished between salad and medicinal varieties of cultural chicory.
Used plant parts.
Roots, flowers and flowering tops of the plant.
Chicory root contains bitter intibin (up to 0.20%), levulose (10–20%), fructose (4.5–9.5%), pentosans, inulin (up to 20%) and choline.
Chicory helps to normalize metabolism, excretion of excess cholesterol, stimulates the activity of the digestive glands, acts choleretic, anti-inflammatory, desensitizing, astringent, sedative and cardiotonic.
It is used in atherosclerosis, obesity, impaired mineral metabolism, kidney and gallstone disease, gout, osteochondrosis, and joint diseases. Chicory is added to the fees for the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, it is used as bitterness to improve the appetite.
Chicory preparations are indicated for neurosis, hysteria and asthenia. Chicory lowers blood sugar and therefore it is used in milder forms of diabetes.
In folk medicine, the plant is mainly known as “liver” herb. It is widely used in liver diseases, cholecystitis and gallbladder dyskinesia. In the treatment of diseases of the liver and biliary tract, chicory, along with the immortelle, St. John's wort, herding bag, corn silk and initial letter, is one of the main components of the medical collection.
It is believed that the plant has an antitumor effect. Preparations of broth or infusion root used for gout, rheumatism and bites of bees, wasps, scorpions and snakes. The plant extracts are used in the treatment of eczema, skin rashes, furunculosis.
Infusion for internal use: 2 tablespoons of raw materials insist with 2 cups boiling water (daily dose for oral administration).
Infusion for external use: take 3-4 tablespoons of grass for 2 cups boiling water.