codonopsis lanceolate - codonopsis lanceolata benth.
Bellflower Family - Campanulaceae
Botanical characteristics. Perennial climbing plant up to 2 m long. The root is long, rarely; leaves are located 3-5 at the ends of axillary twigs, rarely single leaves. The flowers are bluish-green or yellow, with a purple edge, specks and spots; box obkonkonicheskaya. Corolla blades bent off; winged seeds, dull. It flowers in June - July, bears fruit in July - August.
Spread. It grows on lowland and lowland areas, on forest edges, clearings, among thickets of wormwood and shrubs.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are the roots and the aboveground part of the plant. Roots are harvested in autumn, flowers and leaves during budding, seeds - as they mature.
Chemical composition. Roots contain carbohydrates and related compounds: glucose, sucrose, polysaccharides; triterpenoids: taraxerol, freedelin, cycloartenol, cadonoside; steroids: sitosterol, spinasteir-rin and their derivatives; triterpene saponins, alkaloids, coumarins, organic acids, aromatic compounds, phospholipids, essential oil, trace elements, heterocyclic compounds. In the aerial parts also contain vitamins, pigments, tannins.
Application. Codonopsis is widely used in Japanese, Korean, and Chinese scientific and traditional medicine for chronic dystrophy, respiratory diseases, digestion, nephritis, and diabetes; as a tonic, a substitute for ginseng. In Chinese medicine - with hypertension, cancer of the uterus, encephalitis, anemia, dysmenorrhea, rheumatism, arthralgia, as hemostatic, firming, expectorant, antitussive, analgesic.
In the experiment, root extract has a hypotensive effect, stimulates erythropoiesis, inhibits leukopoiesis, increases resistance to adverse environmental factors, increases efficiency, has a cholesterol-lowering effect, stimulates the central nervous system, normalizes the activity of the heart, enhances potency.
In connection with a wide spectrum of action and relatively small stocks of plant materials, codonopsis is recommended for introduction into culture.
- For broth, take 15 g of roots, chop, pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes in a boiling water bath, cool for 10 minutes, filter, bring to 200 ml, squeeze out the residue. Take 2 tbsp. spoon 3 times daily before meals.
- For an infusion, 20 g of the above-ground part of the plant is poured over 200 ml of boiling water, infused for 15 minutes, cooled for 45 minutes, filtered. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day before meals.
- Tincture of the roots is prepared on 70% alcohol at the rate of 1: 5, insist in a dark place for 12-15 days, filter. Take 30-40 drops per reception 3-4 times a day before meals.