codonopsis lanceolate - codonopsis lanceolata benth.
Campanulaceae - Campanulaceae
Botanical characteristic. Perennial climbing plant up to 2 m long. The root is long, sparse; the leaves are located 3-5 at the ends of the axillary branches, less often the leaves are single. The flowers are bluish-green or yellow, with a purple edge, dots and spots; reverse conical box. Corolla bent bent; winged, dull seeds. It blooms in June - July, bears fruit in July - August.
Spread. Grows on lowland and lowland areas, on the edges, glades, among thickets of wormwood and shrubs.
Used parts of the plant. Medicinal raw materials are the roots and the aerial part of the plant. The roots are harvested in autumn, flowers and leaves during budding, seeds - as they ripen.
Chemical composition. The roots contain carbohydrates and related compounds: glucose, sucrose, polysaccharides; triterpenoids: taraxerol, fridelin, cycloartenol, cadonoside; steroids: sitosterol, spinasterin and their derivatives; triterpene saponins, alkaloids, coumarins, organic acids, aromatic compounds, phospholipids, essential oil, trace elements, heterocyclic compounds. The aboveground part also contains vitamins, pigments, tannins.
Application. Codonopsis is widely used in Japanese, Korean and Chinese scientific and folk medicine for chronic dystrophy, respiratory diseases, digestion, jade, diabetes mellitus; as a tonic, a substitute for ginseng. In Chinese medicine, with hypertension, uterine cancer, encephalitis, anemia, dysmenorrhea, rheumatism, arthralgia, as hemostatic, fixing, expectorant, antitussive, analgesic.
In the experiment, the root extract has a hypotensive effect, stimulates erythropoiesis, inhibits leukopoiesis, increases resistance to adverse environmental factors, increases efficiency, has a hypocholesterolemic effect, stimulates the central nervous system, normalizes the activity of the heart, and enhances potency.
Due to the wide spectrum of action and relatively small stocks of plant materials, codonopsis is recommended for introduction into culture.
- For broth, take 15 g of roots, chop, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes, filter, bring to 200 ml, squeezing the residue. Take 2 tbsp. tablespoons 3 times a day before meals.
- For infusion, 20 g of the aerial part of the plant is filled with 200 ml of boiling water, insisted for 15 minutes, cooled for 45 minutes, filtered. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day before meals.
- Tincture of the roots is prepared with 70% alcohol at a rate of 1: 5, insisted in a dark place for 12-15 days, filtered. Take 30-40 drops 3-4 times a day before meals.