field bindweed - convolvulus arvensis l.
Convolvulaceae family - Convolvuluceae
Botanical characteristics. Climbing perennial herb. It grows in the fields, in gardens, kitchen gardens, along roadsides and embankments.
The root system is powerful. Stem curly, naked, up to 3 m in length and more. Leaves alternate, petiolate, arrow-shaped, obtuse. The flowers are pink or white. The fruit is a two-seed globular capsule. Seeds are slightly triangular, grayish brown. It blooms in July - September, bears fruit until late autumn.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are roots, aerial parts, leaves, flowers, seeds, collected in the usual way.
Roots, aerial parts, seeds contain triterpenic saponins, alkaloids, tannins, phenol carboxylic acids, coumarins, flavonoids, carbohydrates. In the leaves and flowers - vitamins.
Application. In folk medicine, bindweed has long been used in the form of decoctions and infusions of leaves and flowers in women's diseases, especially after childbirth, visceptosis, metrorrhagia, belyah, chronic bronchitis, ascites, tracheitis, acute respiratory infections; outwardly - for the treatment of dermatitis, ringworm, boils, ulcers.
In Central Asia, plant sap is used as a choleretic, with headache, diseases of the ear, spleen, lungs, liver, with bronchial asthma, in gynecology, as antitumor, with arthritis, as a detoxifying agent for snake and insect bites, for the treatment of non-healing wounds and ulcers, as cosmetic for removing freckles and age spots; in the form of powders - with oozing wounds and ulcers.
In Bulgaria, the bindweed is included in the fees used for hepatitis, cholecystitis, gallstone disease, liver cirrhosis, as diuretic.
In the experiment, water and alcohol extracts of the aerial parts of the plant have an anticonvulsant, antispasmodic, hypotensive, myotropic, diuretic effect; increase the speed of coronary blood flow, normalize blood pressure, accelerate blood clotting, have antitumor activity, inhibit the growth of sarcoma, exhibit antibiotic, protolytic, aoricidal activity.
The flowering plant juice has an anesthetic, bactericidal, hemostatic, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing effect.
In Tibetan medicine, the aerial part of the plant, leaves and flowers are used for atherosclerosis, tuberculosis, syphilis, as a sedative for neurosis, fever.
In Mongolian and Indian medicine, broths of convolvulus roots are used for eye diseases, as a laxative, for enuresis, dermatitis, astralgia.
In Korea, a decoction of seeds is used as a diuretic, anthelmintic, laxative, with edema of various etiologies, nephritis, cough, with heart and kidney failure.
Convolvulus roots are used in Western European countries for gastritis, enterocolitis, gastric diseases, toothache, fainting, and flu.
- To prepare the infusion, 6 g of leaves or flowers are taken, 200 ml of boiling water is poured, insisted on a water bath for 15 minutes, cooled for 45 minutes, filtered, brought to the required amount with water. Take 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day after meals.
- For broth, 5 g of roots or seeds pour 180 ml of boiling water, infuse in a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes, filter. Should take 1 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times a day after meals.
Contraindications. In the literature there is information about the toxicity of the plant, especially for horses. In this regard, the preparation of bindweed preparations at home requires caution.
Attention! Do not exceed the dosage, do not store raw materials with other plants, hide from children.