common hazel - corylus avellana
Birch family (Betulaceae).
Botanical characteristics. Monoecious shrub 2 - 4 m high. Leaves alternate, rounded or obovate, with short points on the end. Young leaves pubescent, dark green above, lighter below. The flowers are collected in hanging cylindrical earrings. The fruit is a nut surrounded by a leaf-shaped, with a notched wrapping around the edge. It blooms in March - April.
Spread. Hazel is common in forests and woodlands of Belarus, in Ukraine and Siberia.
Chemical composition. The bark and leaves of hazel contain tannins, essential oils. The leaves are also rich in flavonoids, alkaloids, palmitic acid, carotene and vitamin C. Nuts contain proteins, fat, sugars, vitamins, mineral salts.
Used plant parts. For medicinal purposes, use the fruit, bark and leaves of the plant. The bark is harvested in the spring during sap flow and dried in the open air. The leaves are harvested in May, and the fruits - in the period of full maturity.
Application. The plant is used only in traditional medicine.
Preparations from the plant act as a vasoconstrictor and use them for varicose veins, periflebilit, ulcers on the legs, capillary bleeding, inflammation of the prostate, liver and kidney diseases. The fruits are eaten in diseases of the nervous system, anemia, diabetes, hypertension, atherosclerosis, kidney and gallstone diseases, asthenia, rheumatism, exhaustion.
The fruits have an active immunostimulating action. Nutrition of hazelnuts helps in the production of antibodies and more rapid recovery after surgical interventions, serious infectious diseases, stimulates the growth and physical development of children.
- Broth bark hazel ordinary : 1 tbsp. l powdered dry raw material is poured over 2 cups of water and boiled for 10 minutes. Insist 30 minutes, filter and use 0.5 cups 4 times daily before meals.
- Infusion of common hazel leaves : 2 tbsp. l dry crushed leaves pour 2 cups of boiling water and insist 2 hours. Strain and drink 0.5 cups 4 times a day before meals.