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carrot sowing - daucus carota subsp. sativus

Family Celery or Umbrella (Apiaceae or Umbelliferae).

Морковь посевная - Daucus carota subsp. sativus Морковь посевная - Daucus carota subsp. sativus Морковь посевная - Daucus carota subsp. sativus

Botanical characteristics. Biennial herbaceous plant originating from the Mediterranean. From ancient times to the present day, carrots are one of the most common and favorite vegetables.

In the first year, the carrot forms a rosette of leaves and a fleshy root crop of a reddish-orange color, yellow or white. In the second year - a rosette of leaves, flower stalks and seeds. It blooms in June - July.

Chemical composition. Carrot roots contain beta-carotene, carotenoids, nicotinic, pantothenic and folic acids, vitamins C, E, B1, B2 and B6, biotin, flavonoids, lecithin, phospholipids, inositol, sugars, pectic substances, fiber, minerals (potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, chlorine, iodine, aluminum, boron, vanadium, iron, cobalt, copper, manganese, zinc). The seeds are rich in essential oils, flavonoids, coumarins, vitamin E. Carrot leaves are carrot leaves, ascorbic acid, and the whole complex of vitamins and minerals.

Application. Healing qualities of carrots were seen in antiquity. Hippocrates prescribed carrots for inflammatory diseases of the lungs, hemorrhoids, anemia, kidney stones, "night blindness", with insufficient lactation in women.

Carrots are rich in many antioxidant substances that stimulate immune responses. Thus, the healing properties of carrots are determined by the high content of carotene in it, whose role in the metabolism is significant. Carotene deficiency lowers the body's resistance to stress factors, infections, radiation, leads to metabolic disorders, weight loss, growth retardation, disorders of the nervous system, many endocrine glands, loss of visual acuity. Carrots have a beneficial effect on the digestive organs, including the pancreas, improves liver function, has a positive effect on patients with chronic circulatory failure, with symptoms of angina. Carrot juice is healing for patients with impaired renal function. Mixed with honey, the juice is traditionally used in traditional medicine for inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract. It heals well burns and other wounds, helps to stop the inflammatory process on the skin, relieves allergic rash.

Carrots are rich in phytoncides, which makes it an active immune stimulant. Moreover, the phytoncidal substances of carrots do not give an unpleasant smell, but the antimicrobial activity of carrots is very high. Enough to chew a piece of carrot, as the number of microorganisms in the mouth drastically decreases.

Carrots also have antihelminthic action.

From the seeds of carrots receive an active antispasmodic - daukarin, used for attacks of stenocardia, colic.

Carrots are an indispensable dietary product for atherosclerosis, goiter, anemia, diabetes mellitus, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, gastritis, colitis.

Cooking

  • Carrot fresh juice : Root vegetables are washed, peeled, rubbed on a grater, and then squeezed juice or get it in a juicer.
    Juice with honey (a glass of juice and 1 tsp. Of honey) is drunk for inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, asthma, and pulmonary tuberculosis, while reducing visual acuity.
  • Broth carrot tops : 1 tbsp. l dried and chopped carrots tops pour a glass of boiling water and infuse for 30 minutes.
    They drink half a cup 3 times a day as a diuretic for kidney diseases, cardiac abnormalities, and radiation injuries.
  • Broth carrot seed sowing: 1 tbsp. l dry ground seeds pour 1 glass of water and boil for 1 min, and then insist 2 hours in a warm place or in a thermos. Filter before use.
    Take on 2 - 5 tbsp. l 3 times a day before meals with attacks of angina, with renal, hepatic, intestinal colic, headache.