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sowing carrots - daucus carota subsp. sativus

Family Celery or Umbrella (Apiaceae or Umbelliferae).

Морковь посевная - Daucus carota subsp. sativus Морковь посевная - Daucus carota subsp. sativus Морковь посевная - Daucus carota subsp. sativus

Botanical characteristic. Biennial herb originating from the Mediterranean. From ancient times to the present day, carrots are one of the most common and favorite vegetables.

In the first year, carrots form a rosette of leaves and a fleshy root vegetable of a reddish-orange color, yellow or white. In the second year - a leaf outlet, flower stems and seeds. It blooms in June - July.

Chemical composition. Carrot root vegetables contain beta-carotene, carotenoids, nicotinic, pantothenic and folic acids, vitamins C, E, B1, B2 and B6, biotin, flavonoids, lecithin, phospholipids, inositol, sugars, pectin, fiber, minerals (potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, chlorine, iodine, aluminum, boron, vanadium, iron, cobalt, copper, manganese, zinc). The seeds are rich in essential oils, flavonoids, coumarins, vitamin E. Carrot, carotene, ascorbic acid, and the whole complex of vitamins and minerals are in carrot leaves.

Application. The healing qualities of carrots were noticed in antiquity. Hippocrates prescribed carrots for inflammatory diseases of the lungs, hemorrhoids, anemia, kidney stones, "night blindness," with insufficient lactation in women.

Carrots are rich in many antioxidant substances that stimulate immune responses. Thus, the healing properties of carrots are determined by the high content of carotene in it, whose role in metabolism is significant. Lack of carotene lowers the body's resistance to stress factors, infections, radiation, leads to metabolic disorders, weight loss, growth retardation, dysfunctions of the nervous system, many endocrine glands, loss of visual acuity. Carrots have a beneficial effect on the digestive organs, including the pancreas, improves liver function, has a positive effect on patients with chronic circulatory failure, with symptoms of angina pectoris. Carrot juice is beneficial for patients with impaired renal function. Juice mixed with honey is traditionally used in folk medicine for inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract. It heals burns and other wounds well, helps to stop the inflammatory process on the skin, and relieves allergic rashes.

Carrots are rich in volatile, which makes it an active immunostimulant. Moreover phytoncide substances of carrots do not give an unpleasant odor, but the antimicrobial activity of carrots is very high. It is enough to chew a piece of carrot, as the number of microorganisms in the oral cavity decreases sharply.

Carrots also have an anthelmintic effect.

An active antispasmodic is obtained from the seeds of carrots - daucarin, used for attacks of angina pectoris, colic.

Carrots are an indispensable dietary product for atherosclerosis, goiter, anemia, diabetes mellitus, gastric and duodenal ulcer, gastritis, and colitis.

Cooking

  • Fresh carrot juice : Root vegetables are washed, peeled, grated, and then squeezed juice or get it in a juicer.
    Juice with honey (a glass of juice and 1 tsp of honey) is drunk for inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, asthma, pulmonary tuberculosis, while reducing visual acuity.
  • Decoction of carrot tops : 1 tbsp. l dried and chopped carrots tops, pour a glass of boiling water and insist for 30 minutes.
    Drink half a cup 3 times a day as a diuretic for kidney disease, impaired cardiac activity, and radiation injuries.
  • Decoction of seeds of carrot sowing: 1 tbsp. l dry ground seeds pour 1 cup of water and boil for 1 min, and then insist 2 hours in a warm place or in a thermos. Filter before use.
    Take 2 to 5 tbsp. l 3 times a day before meals with angina attacks, with renal, hepatic, intestinal colic, headache.