Descurainia sophia l.
Cruciferous family - Brassicaceae (Cruciferae)
Botanical characteristics. Annual herbaceous plant. Taproot, branched. The stem is erect, branched, up to 80 cm tall, pubescent. Leaves are alternate sessile, pubescent at the base with the ears. The flowers are pale yellow, gathered in a shield. After the formation of the fruit formed a long brush. The fruit is a multi-seeded pod. Seeds are oval, compressed, folded, yellowish-brown. It blooms from May to August, bears fruit until September.
Spread. It grows in pastures, in gardens, along roads, in trash places.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are the aerial part, leaves, flowers, seeds, less often the roots, collected in the usual way.
Chemical composition. All parts of the plant contain steroid saponins, coumarins, alkaloids, alcohols, steroids, organic acids, cardenolides, thioglycosides, mineral salts; the leaves contain vitamins, pigments: in the seeds - fatty, mustard oil.
Application. Sophia desquaring preparations have an astringent, diuretic, aphrodisiac, antiemetic, anthelmintic, antiseptic, wound-healing property.
In folk medicine, decoctions and infusions of the aerial parts of the plant are used for colds, malaria, fever; in the Caucasus, for gastric diseases and pulmonary tuberculosis; in Central Asia, with throat diseases, as antipyretic, with measles and smallpox, as hemostatic, wound healing. Fresh juice - for washing and healing of wounds, trophic ulcers, tumors.
The preparations of descurainia are effective in the case of progressive collapse due to weakening of the heart and as a phytoncide.
In Tibetan medicine and Transbaikalia, decoctions of the aerial parts are used in the treatment of anthrax, erysipelas, internal bleeding, such as diuretic, anthelmintic, renal disease, hysterical seizures, as anti-inflammatory, for washing purulent wounds, ulcers, boils; in the medicine of the peoples of Western Europe, a decoction of seeds is used for various diseases of the digestive organs and the heart, and arrhythmias, as a healing wound.
In Indian medicine, a decoction of seeds is widely used as bitterness, expectorant, with fever, bronchitis, cholelithiasis, with nervous agitation, as an antiscorbetic. Descurania is also a mustard substitute.
- To prepare the infusion, 6 g of leaves or flowers are taken, 200 ml of boiling water is poured, insisted on a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cooled for 45 minutes, filtered, adjusted to 200 ml. Take 2 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day after meals.
- For broth, 5 g of seeds or roots are crushed, poured 180 ml of boiling water, insisted on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cooled for 10 minutes, filtered, adjusted to the desired volume. Should take on 2 tbsp. spoon 2-3 times a day after meals.
Contraindications. In the literature there is information about the toxicity of plants, especially seeds. In this regard, at home, care must be taken when preparing preparations from seeds, not to exceed the dosage, to be stored separately from other raw materials, with an inscription on the package.