clove - dianthus l.
Carnation Family - Caryophyllaceae
Botanical characteristic. Perennial herbaceous plant. It is growing everywhere.
The rhizome is thin, creeping, with numerous subordinate roots. The stem is straight, thin. Leaves are opposite. The fruit is a box. Seeds are numerous small. It blooms in June - August. The fruits ripen in August - September. Several species grow.
The most common are:
- Lush clove - D. superbus L. The leaves are linear-lanceolate. The flowers are purple, large. Corolla petals deeply dissected into filiform lobes. The stem is 15-50 cm tall. It grows on dry and floodplain meadows, in sparse forests, on the edges.
- Multi-colored cloves - D. versicolor Fisch. Leaves narrowly linear to lanceolate, very sharp at the apex, b.m pressed to the stem. Stems 20-40 cm tall, numerous thin. The flowers are mauve or light pink. It grows on rocky slopes, in the steppes, pine forests.
Both species are similar in chemical composition, have healing properties, can be used for the same therapeutic purpose.
Used parts of the plant. Medicinal raw materials are all parts of the plant. The clove is pulled out with the root during flowering and dried in the usual way in the shade or dryer at a temperature not exceeding 50 ° C.
Chemical composition. All parts contain: alkaloids, tannins: pyrocatechol derivatives; flavonoids: orient, homoorientin; the aerial part - saponins, flavonoids, vitamins.
Application. Clove preparations are an effective uterine remedy. They are used for atony of the uterus to stimulate labor, and for postpartum hemorrhages.
The hypotensive effect of clove extract was experimentally established. Clinical trial materials make it possible to recommend galenic preparations for the treatment of hypertension. Decoction and infusion - hemostatic, with gastrointestinal and uterine bleeding, with nervous diseases.
In folk medicine, decoctions and infusions of cloves are used as a remedy for intoxication, with heart diseases, bites of rabid animals and insects; with convulsions in children.
The flowers and fresh juice of the plant are used to treat hemorrhoids, diseases of the kidneys, liver, lungs, the consequences of adverse childbirth, syphilis. Outwardly decoctions and infusions of seeds and flowers are used for dermatitis, for washing the inflamed eyes.
In Tibetan medicine, clove preparations are used for various gynecological diseases, in large doses as an abortive; in fees - as a wound healing agent.
In China and Japan, lush cloves are used for diseases of the bladder, dysmenorrhea, schistomatosis, as a diuretic and anti-inflammatory.
In Yakutia, a decoction of the aerial parts of the plant is drunk when coughing, aching joints.
- For infusion, take 20 g of the aerial part of the plant, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter. It should be taken 1/3 cup 2-3 times a day before meals.
- For a decoction, 10 g of seeds are poured into 200 ml of boiling water, insisted on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cooled for 10 minutes, filtered. Take 2 tbsp. tablespoons 3 times a day before meals.
- Tincture from the roots is prepared on 70% alcohol at a rate of 1: 5, insist 10-12 days in a dark place. Take 30-40 drops per meal before meals.
- Fresh juice of the plant is taken 1 teaspoon 3-4 times a day before meals. For external use, it is necessary to breed (1: 2); to wash eyes dilute the juice 1:10.