carnation - dianthus l.
Family Cloves - Caryophyllaceae
Botanical characteristics. Perennial herbaceous plant. It grows everywhere.
Rhizome thin, creeping, with numerous adventitious roots. The stem is straight, thin. The leaves are opposite. The fruit is a box. Seeds numerous small. It blooms in June - August. The fruits ripen in August - September. There are several species.
The most common are:
- Carnation lush - D. superbus L. The leaves are linear-lanceolate. The flowers are purple, large. The corolla petals are deeply cut into filamentous lobes. The stem is 15-50 cm tall. It grows on upland and floodplain meadows, in sparse forests, on forest edges.
- Multi-colored carnation - D. versicolor Fisch. Leaves narrow linear to lanceolate-linear, very sharp at the apex, um. pressed against the stalk. Stems 20-40 cm tall, numerous thin. The flowers are mauve or light pink. It grows on rocky slopes, in the steppes, pine forests.
Both species are similar in chemical composition, have healing properties, can be used with the same therapeutic purpose.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are all parts of the plant. The carnation is pulled out with the root during flowering and dried in the usual manner in the shade or dryer at a temperature not higher than 50 ° C.
Chemical composition. All parts contain: alkaloids, tannins: pyrocatechin derivatives; flavonoids: orientin, homoorientin; elevated part - saponins, flavonoids, vitamins.
Application. Clove preparations are an effective uterine agent. They are used in atony of the uterus to stimulate childbirth, with postpartum hemorrhage.
The hypotensive effect of clove extract was experimentally established. The materials of clinical trials provide an opportunity to recommend herbal medicines for the treatment of hypertension. Decoction and infusion - hemostatic, with gastrointestinal and uterine bleeding, with nervous diseases.
In folk medicine, decoctions and infusions of cloves are used as a means against intoxication, with heart diseases, bites of rabid animals and insects; with convulsions in children.
Flowers and fresh plant juice are used to treat hemorrhoids, diseases of the kidneys, liver, lungs, the effects of adverse births, syphilis. Outer broths and infusions of seeds and flowers are used for dermatitis, for washing the inflamed eyes.
In Tibetan medicine, clove preparations are used in various gynecological diseases, in large doses as an abortive; in collections - as a wound healing agent.
In China and Japan, lush cloves are used in diseases of the bladder, dysmenorrhea, shistomatoza, as a diuretic and anti-inflammatory.
In Yakutia, the broth of the aerial parts of the plant is drunk when coughing, aching in the joints.
- For an infusion, 20 g of the above-ground part of the plant is taken, 200 ml of boiling water is poured, insisted on a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cooled for 45 minutes, filtered. Take should be 1/3 cup 2-3 times a day before meals.
- For broth, 10 g of seeds is poured 200 ml of boiling water, infused in a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cooled for 10 minutes, filtered. Take 2 tbsp. spoon 3 times daily before meals.
- The tincture of the roots is prepared in 70% alcohol at the rate of 1: 5, insist 10-12 days in a dark place. Take 30-40 drops at the reception before meals.
- Fresh sap plants take 1 teaspoon 3-4 times a day before meals. For external use, dilute (1: 2); for washing eyes, dilute juice 1:10.