eucalyptus ball (spherical)
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.
Botanical characteristics. Myrtle family. Evergreen tree, with bluish smooth bark, up to 45 m high. Contra leaves: young - sessile or stalky, heart-shaped; old - petiolate, arranged in a spiral, dark green color. The leaves contain a lot of essential oil, hence their peculiar smell. Flowers solitary, large, sessile or on short pedicels. It blooms in the fall, in the third and fifth year of life. Fruits - spherical ribbed boxes, ripen in 1.5-2 years.
Spread. It is found in small groups in the Caucasus, in the Crimea and in Moldova. Homeland - Australia.
Used plant parts.
In the leaves up to 3.5% of essential oil, which gives a specific smell to the plant (the main part of the essential oil is cineoleum). In addition, leaves contain from 1 to 6.3% tannins, bitterness, organic acids and other compounds.
The plant has an expectorant, analgesic, wound healing and antiseptic effect.
In scientific and folk medicine, preparations made from eucalyptus (infusion, decoction, tincture and oil) are used for tracheitis, bronchitis, asthma, pleurisy, lung abscesses, bronchiectasis, acute and chronic gastrointestinal diseases. Eucalyptus is indicated in the treatment of purulent wounds, boils, in gynecological practice - with cervical erosion and colpitis; in ophthalmic practice - in the treatment of blepharitis and conjunctivitis. Eucalyptus oil is used for inhalation in diseases of the lungs and upper respiratory tract, in sore throat and stomatitis, outwardly used in arthritis, radiculitis and myositis.
In folk medicine, it is believed that the plant has an antitumor effect.
For ingestion insist 1 tablespoon of leaves with 0.5 liters of boiling water (in a thermos) - the daily dose. Infusion for external use is prepared at the rate of 2 tablespoons of leaves for 0.5 liters of boiling water.
Pharmacies have ready-made products: eucalyptus tincture, eucalyptus oil, chlorophyllipt.
Eucalyptus oil is part of many drugs used in diseases of the upper respiratory tract (pectusin), for inhalation (ingalipt, inhakamf) for sore throat, stomatitis, rhinitis, gingivitis and other diseases, and in the form of ointments - externally for grinding as a diverting agent ( efkamon) with neuralgia, arthritis and myositis.
In homeopathy, Eucalyptus 3x, 3, 0 is prescribed for acute infectious diseases, malaria, influenza, acute dyspepsia. Typical symptoms: agitation, shortness of breath, inflammation of the lymph glands, fever, thirst.