Euphrasia officinalis L.
Botanical characteristic. The family is banded. Annual herb 30 to 50 cm tall. The stalk is straight, hairy, branched at the top. Eyebright parasitizes on the roots of other plants, feeding on their juices. Leaves are opposite, serrated, ovoid. The flowers are purple-violet or white-purple, bloom in spring and autumn. Fruits are wedge-shaped capsules ripen in August – September.
Widely distributed as a weed plant in gardens and orchards, on dry meadows and pastures, along roadsides.
It is found in the European part of Russia and in Western Siberia.
Used parts of the plant.
The whole plant.
The plant contains essential oils (up to 0.17%), fatty oils, bitter substances, resins, blue coloring matter, gallotannins and aucubin glycoside.
Application. Eyebright is the best remedy in herbal medicine for the treatment of certain eye diseases. To do this, it is used inside in the form of an aqueous extract and externally in the form of lotions. In addition, eyebright is added to a mixture of herbs for heart disease, gastritis and enterocolitis.
Cooking. 2 tablespoons of herb insist with 0.5 l of boiling water (daily dose). For lotions 4 tablespoons in 0.5 l of water.
The popular homeopathic remedy Euphrasia 3x, 3, 6 is mainly used in the treatment of eye diseases. Typical symptoms: conjunctivitis, lacrimation, iritis, increased intraocular pressure, convulsive twitching of the eyelids, age-related visual impairment. It is also effective for catarrh of the upper respiratory tract, accompanied by a runny nose, frequent sneezing and lacrimation. Euphrasia is indicated for irritable weakness of neurotics prone to hypochondria and arthralgia. It is also used as an external agent. Effective for blepharitis and conjunctivitis in the form of lotions - 5 drops of tincture per tablespoon of water.