wild strawberry - fracaria vesca l.
Rosaceae family - Rosaceae
Botanical characteristics. Perennial herbaceous plant. Rhizome with many adventitious roots. Stems of two types: one - recumbent, rooting, others - erect, flowering, leafy. The leaves are trifoliate, large, toothed, silky-wavy. The flowers are white, gathered in the half-umbrellas. The fruit is a berry with numerous seeds. It flowers in May - June, bears fruit in June - July.
Spread. It grows on edges, grassy slopes, forest glades.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw material is the whole plant, collected in the usual way: the aerial part - during flowering, the roots - in the fall.
Chemical composition. The aboveground part contains organic acids with a predominance of citric acid, pectin and tannins, nitrogenous compounds, trace elements, vitamins (ascorbic and folic acids, carotene, group B), flavonoids (quercetin, quercitrin, rutin), phenolic acids (chlorogenic, salicylic acid, glucuronic, quinic, coffee, fumaric). Roots contain leucoanthocyanins and catechins.
Application. Strawberries, along with tuna fescue, birch, bison, chamomile and plantain is one of the most used medicinal plants of traditional medicine.
In folk medicine, infusions and decoctions, juices of fresh berries are used as a diaphoretic and diuretic, to improve digestion. Broth leaves - with diseases of the cardiovascular system, as tonic. Broths aboveground parts and roots are used in pulmonary tuberculosis, asthma, urolithiasis, gout, hemorrhoids, uterine fibroids, insomnia, diarrhea, diabetes, for the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis, for beriberi, skin diseases involving rash as diuretic, astringent .
The therapeutic effect of drugs and fresh strawberries in certain diseases of the cardiovascular system, hypertension, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gastritis, peptic ulcer, hemorrhoids, constipation, jaundice has been established. The infusion of strawberry leaves slows down the rhythm and strengthens the amplitude of heart contractions, dilates blood vessels. It is used as an anesthetic, antispasmodic for neurasthenia, leukemia, enuresis, laryngeal carcinomas.
Decoction of flowers and tincture are used for metabolic disorders, diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Dried and fresh fruits are widely used in Tibetan medicine, fresh - in homeopathy for various diseases, mainly to stimulate appetite in people who are weakened after an illness. Fresh juice of fruits and leaves has antibacterial properties. Used in cosmetics to remove acne, age spots, as an antiseptic.
- For an infusion, take 20 g of leaves and flowers, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day after meals.
- For the broth, 15 g of the roots and the above-ground part is poured 200 ml of boiling water, insisted on a water bath for 30 minutes, cooled for 10 minutes, filtered. Take 1/3 cup 2-3 times a day after meals.
- Fresh juice is an excellent cosmetic.
Contraindications. An increased individual sensitivity was found in some patients to strawberries, which manifests itself in allergic diseases. Forest strawberries can be replaced by the healing properties of cultivated varieties.