Hyssopus officinalis - hyssopus officinalis l.
Family Sponge Flowers - Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Botanical characteristics. Perennial shrubs. Stem tetrahedral up to 80 cm tall. Erect, covered with hairs. Leaves almost sessile, opposite, short-petiolate, lanceolate, entire. The flowers are small, mauve or white, form oblong spicate inflorescence. It blooms from June to October. All parts of the plant have a strong spicy flavor.
Spread. It grows in the steppes, on mountain slopes, pebbles, in housing, like weeds.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw material is the aerial part of the plant, often inflorescences. The collected raw materials are immediately dried in the shade and stored in closed jars: the leaves are in one, the inflorescence is in the other.
Chemical composition. The elevated part of the hyssop contains essential oil, in its composition: pinene, camphene, Karen, tsimol, myrcene, limonene, gumulene, thujone, cardinene, their isomers and derivatives; phenol carboxylic acids, flavonoids, steroids, vitamins, tannins, glycosides. The seeds contain fatty oil, it contains acids: palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic; other compounds.
Application. Hyssop is an excellent expectorant for colds and diseases of the upper respiratory tract. Especially effective for senile cough caused by dryness of mucous membranes, as a disinfectant for diseases of the oral cavity and throat; enhances the secretion of mucus, has a weak diuretic effect, has anti-inflammatory properties on the gastrointestinal tract, but the effect is poorly expressed, in connection with this hyssop is used in a mixture with other herbs.
Hyssop preparations exhibit antibacterial activity, has lactogenic properties. Essential oil has an antibacterial effect, it is used widely in cosmetics.
The aboveground part of the plant was included in the domestic pharmacopoeia of the 1-3rd editions. Official in France, Portugal, Romania and Sweden.
In folk medicine, infusion of inflorescences is used mainly as an expectorant, anti-inflammatory, astringent, tonic, wound healing, anthelmintic, with bronchial asthma, gastrointestinal diseases, dyspepsia, rheumatism, anemia, angina, neurosis, meteorism; outwardly - with stomatitis, unpleasant smell from the mouth, long-term non-healing wounds, with excessive sweating.
The juice of fresh plants is used as a deodorant (wipe the face and neck in a diluted form (1: 1)).
Tea from the inflorescence is recommended for older people, as well as weakened people after the disease in small dosages. Regular use increases the tone of the body, as a powerful general tonic. The treatment of the hangover syndrome with hyssop is very effective: 15-20 minutes after taking the infusion or fresh juice (30-40 drops), the person completely returns to normal: his head no longer hurts and his hands tremble.
Branches and leaves of hyssop are eaten: they are suitable for canning vegetables, especially cucumbers, and as an aromatic agent - in the dairy industry.
The leaves and flowers of hyssop are added to salads, sauces, fish dishes, especially legumes, as a vitamin remedy and to impart a piquant taste.
- For an infusion, they take 10 g of inflorescences, leaves, or their mixtures, pour 200 ml of boiling water over them, leave for 15 minutes in a boiling water bath, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Is ingested 1/3 cup 2-3 times a day after meals.
- A decoction is prepared from the seeds, for which 5 g of seeds are poured 200 ml of boiling water, insisted on a water bath for 30 minutes, cooled for 10 minutes, filtered. Take 2 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times a day after meals.
Contraindications. The use of drugs inside requires caution, as the plant is poorly tolerant, can cause side effects: palpitations, a sharp drop in pressure and even convulsions. It is not recommended to apply hyssop to individuals with increased nervous irritability. Do not use it and pregnant women.