hyssop officinalis - hyssopus officinalis l.
Labret family - Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Botanical characteristic. Perennial shrubs. The stem is tetrahedral up to 80 cm high. Erect, covered with hairs. Leaves are almost sessile, opposite, short-leaved, lanceolate, whole marginal. The flowers are small, mauve or white, form an elongated spike-shaped inflorescence. It blooms from June to October. All parts of the plant have a strong spicy aroma.
Spread. It grows in the steppes, on mountain slopes, gravels, near housing, like weed.
Used parts of the plant. Medicinal raw material is the aerial part of the plant, often inflorescences. The collected raw materials are immediately dried in the shade and stored in closed jars: leaves in one, inflorescence in another.
Chemical composition. The aerial part of hyssop contains essential oil, in its composition: pinene, camphene, karen, zimol, myrcene, limonene, humulene, thujone, cardinene, their isomers and derivatives; phenolcarboxylic acids, flavonoids, steroids, vitamins, tannins, glycosides. The seeds contain fatty oil, in its composition of acid: palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic; other compounds.
Application. Hyssop is an excellent expectorant for colds and diseases of the upper respiratory tract. It is especially effective for senile cough caused by dry mucous membranes, as a disinfectant for diseases of the oral cavity and throat; enhances the secretion of mucus, has a weak diuretic effect, has an anti-inflammatory property on the gastrointestinal tract, but the effect is poorly expressed, in connection with this hyssop is used in a mixture with other herbs.
Hyssop preparations exhibit antibacterial activity and have lactogenic properties. Essential oil has an antibacterial effect, it is widely used in cosmetics.
The aerial part of the plant was part of the domestic pharmacopoeia of the 1st-3rd editions. It is official in France, Portugal, Romania and Sweden.
In folk medicine, the infusion of inflorescences is mainly used as an expectorant, anti-inflammatory, astringent, tonic, wound healing, anthelmintic, with bronchial asthma, gastrointestinal diseases, dyspepsia, rheumatism, anemia, angina pectoris, neurosis, flatulence; externally - with stomatitis, bad breath, long-term non-healing wounds, with excessive sweating.
The juice of fresh plants is used as a deodorant (wipe the face and neck in a diluted form (1: 1)).
Inflorescence tea is recommended for elderly people, as well as weakened people after illness in small doses. Regular use increases the tone of the body, as a powerful restorative. It is very effective to treat drugs with hyssop of a hangover syndrome: after 15-20 minutes after taking an infusion or fresh juice (30-40 drops), a person fully returns to normal: his head ceases to hurt and his hands tremble.
The branches and leaves of hyssop are eaten: they are suitable for preserving vegetables, especially cucumbers, and as an aromatic agent in the dairy industry.
Hyssop leaves and flowers are added to salads, sauces, fish dishes, especially legumes, as a vitamin remedy and to give a piquant taste.
- For infusion, take 10 g of inflorescences, leaves or a mixture thereof, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take orally 1/3 cup 2-3 times a day after meals.
- A decoction is prepared from the seeds, for which 5 g of seeds are poured with 200 ml of boiling water, insisted on a water bath for 30 minutes, cooled for 10 minutes, filtered. Take 2 tbsp. tablespoons 3-4 times a day after meals.
Contraindications The use of drugs inside requires caution, since the plant is weakly poisonous, can cause side effects: palpitations, a sharp drop in pressure and even cramps. Hyssop is not recommended for individuals with increased nervous irritability. It should not be used by pregnant women.