chaga (birch mushroom) - inonotus obliquus
Read more about chagy and treatment of chagoy .
Botanical characteristics. It belongs to the family of trutovikovyh. Mushroom growing on birch trunks, at least elm, mountain ash, beech. The body of the fungus is irregular in shape, dark on top, brown inside, up to 40 cm in diameter, up to 5 kg in weight, of solid consistency. Chaga reproduces by spores, which, getting into the places of the damaged bark, form a gradually increasing growth - the body of the fungus. Chaga lasts 10–15 years.
Spread. It is found in birch forests in all regions of Russia, more often in more northern areas.
Used plant parts.
Fruit body (growth) of the fungus. Therapeutic effect only birch chaga.
Chaga growths contain organic acids (vanillic, paraoxybenzoic, acetic, formic, oxalic, etc.), polysaccharide lignin, pterins, free phenols, sterols, and fiber.
The composition of the ash chaga (12.3%) includes oxides of silicon, iron, aluminum, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, zinc, copper and manganese
It is believed that the therapeutic effect of the fungus in cancer of the gastrointestinal tract is due to the pterins contained in it.
Chaga should be collected on living trees and better in spring, when tree trunks are clearly visible. The buildup should be tight, not loose. Young chaga can be cut with a knife, the old, large - with an ax. Chaga is cut or chopped into pieces of 5-6 cm in size and dried at a temperature of about 60 degrees (in the oven). Dried chaga is stored for two years.
An indication for the use of birch fungus is peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, gastritis with reduced secretory function, polyposis of the stomach and intestines, and malignant neoplasms: cancer of the stomach, lungs and other organs in cases where radiation therapy and surgery are not indicated. Chaga has a symptomatic effect, soothes pain and improves the patient's well-being; in the initial stage of the disease may delay the development of the tumor. In the treatment of infusion of the fungus, the patient is prescribed mainly a milk-vegetable diet, limit the intake of meat and fats, exclude canned food, smoked meat, sausage from the diet.
Chaga has a slight laxative effect.
At home, the infusion of chaga prepared as follows. Dried mushroom is poured to soften with cold boiled water, incubated for 4 hours, then passed through a meat grinder or ground in a grater. On 1 part of the crushed mushroom add 5 parts of boiled water with a temperature of about 50 ° C (not higher); insist for 48 hours, then the liquid is drained, the residue is drained and water is added to the resulting liquid, in which the fungus is soaked. Cooked infusion can be stored for 4 days. Take 1 / 2–1 glass 3-4 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
Pharmacies release chaga and the half-thick Befungin extract made from it (3 teaspoons of the extract are diluted in 150 ml of water, take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day half an hour before meals).