chaga (birch mushroom) - inonotus obliquus
More about chaga and chaga treatment .
Botanical characteristic. Belongs to the tinder family. The mushroom growing on birch trunks, less often - elm, mountain ash, beech. The body of the fungus is irregular in shape, dark on top, brown inside, with a diameter of up to 40 cm, weighing up to 5 kg, of a solid consistency. Chaga propagates by spores, which, getting into the damaged bark, form a gradually increasing growth - the body of the fungus. Chaga growth lasts 10-15 years.
Spread. It is found in birch forests in all regions of Russia, more often in more northern regions.
Used parts of the plant.
The fruit body (growth) of the fungus. Therapeutic effect only in birch chaga.
Chaga growths contain organic acids (vanillic, paraoxybenzoic, acetic, formic, oxalic, etc.), lignin polysaccharide, pterins, free phenols, sterols, and fiber.
The composition of Chaga ash (12.3%) includes oxides of silicon, iron, aluminum, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, zinc, copper and manganese
It is believed that the therapeutic effect of chaga in oncological diseases of the gastrointestinal tract is due to the pterins contained in it.
Chaga should be collected on living trees and better in spring, when tree trunks are clearly visible. The growth should be dense, and not loose. Young chaga can be cut with a knife, old, large - with an ax. Chaga is cut or chopped into pieces 5-6 cm in size and dried at a temperature of about 60 degrees (in the oven). Dried chaga is stored for two years.
Indication for the use of birch fungus is gastric and duodenal ulcer, gastritis with reduced secretory function, polyposis of the stomach and intestines, as well as malignant neoplasms: cancer of the stomach, lungs and other organs in cases where radiation therapy and surgery are not indicated. Chaga has a symptomatic effect, soothes pains and improves the well-being of the patient; in the initial stage of the disease can delay the development of the tumor. In the treatment with mushroom infusion, the patient is prescribed a predominantly milk-vegetable diet, restrict the intake of meat and fats, exclude canned food, smoked meats, sausages from the diet.
Chaga has a mild laxative effect.
At home, the infusion of chaga is prepared as follows. Dried mushrooms are poured to soften with cold boiled water, kept for 4 hours, after which they are passed through a meat grinder or ground on a grater. 5 parts of boiled water with a temperature of about 50 ° C (not higher) are added to 1 part of the crushed mushroom; insist for 48 hours, then the liquid is drained, the residue is squeezed out and water is added to the obtained liquid, in which the mushroom was soaked. The prepared infusion can be stored for 4 days. Take 1 / 2–1 cup 3-4 times a day 30 minutes before meals.
Chaga and semi-thick Befungin extract made from it are dispensed in pharmacies (3 teaspoons of the extract are diluted in 150 ml of water, taken 1 tablespoon 3 times a day half an hour before meals).