Linum usitatissimum L.
Botanical characteristics. Family flax. Annual herbaceous plant up to 60 cm high. The stem is straight, branchy upwards, leafy. Leaves alternate, lanceolate, with three veins. The flowers are regular, bright blue, gathered in the cypous umbellas. It blooms in June and August. The fruit is a spherical box full of seeds that ripens in July and August.
Spread. In the wild is unknown. As a cultivated plant is mentioned in the ancient Greeks, Jews, Egyptians, was widespread in Ancient Russia. Currently it is cultivated in non-black-earth regions of Russia, in Siberia, in the Baltic States, in Ukraine. Flax and curl flax are cultivated.
Used plant parts.
Flaxseed contains fatty oil (up to 40%), vitamin A, carbohydrates, protein, organic acids, mucus (up to 12%), enzymes, glycoside linamarin. Mucus and linamarin determine the therapeutic activity of the seeds.
Decoction of flax seeds acts as an enveloping, anti-inflammatory and gentle laxative. Due to its enveloping effect, flax seed, added to the medicinal collection, prolongs the action of other plants.
It is used as an emollient in case of inflammation of the respiratory organs, with a dry cough. Flax seed is successfully used for exacerbations of gastritis and peptic ulcer, with pain in the intestines, with chronic constipation, with hemorrhoids and rectal cracks - to soften the stool. Broth of flax seed is a good remedy for food poisoning. It is also used in cystitis, nephritis and bladder stones.
Linseed oil is used as a gentle laxative for spastic constipation; It is recommended as a dietary product that reduces the level of cholesterol in the blood, patients with atherosclerosis and obesity.
For the prevention and treatment of atherosclerosis, the pharmaceutical industry produces lineetol, and for external use - linole.
Broth of flax seed is used for enemas and douching, with various local inflammatory processes in the form of compresses and poultices. When angina is used in the form of rinsing. Flaxseed oil is a good remedy for treating burns.
Contraindications. Assign with caution when prone to diarrhea.
Flax seeds take 1-3 teaspoons with water or milk 2-3 times a day 20-30 minutes before meals.
One tablespoon of seeds is poured with 1.5 cups of boiling water (in the evening, in a thermos). The next day, drink the infusion 3 times in 20-40 minutes before meals.
“For poultices and compresses, flaxseed flour is kneaded with hot water until a slurry is obtained, which is then spread on a gauze napkin or piece of cloth and put on a sore spot, and then wrapped in a piece of wool on top” (B.D. Jordanov, B P. Nikolov, A. Boychinov).