Red-root passeriformes - lithospermum crythrorhizon l.
Boraginaceae family - Boraginaceae
Botanical characteristic. Herbaceous perennial plant. Grows on dry rocky slopes, among shrubs, along roadsides.
The root is powerful, thick, dark red. The stalk is straight up to 50 cm tall, covered with bristly hairs. Leaves lanceolate with pronounced middle and lateral veins. The flowers are white, located in the axils of the upper leaves, collected in multi-flowered curls. The fruit is a light brown smooth shiny oval nut. It blooms in June - July, bears fruit in July - August.
Used parts of the plant. The raw material is the whole plant, most often flowers and leaves. The plant is pulled out with the root during flowering, dried in bunches under an open ventilated canopy. The roots are crushed and dried in dryers at a temperature not exceeding 40 ° C.
Chemical composition. All parts of the plant contain shikonin and its derivatives, pigments, carbohydrates. The roots contain lithospermans, cyclitols, their derivatives, esters of caffeic acid and higher aliphatic alcohols, flavonoids, naphthoquinones, and waxes. Leaves and flowers contain phenolcarboxylic acids (lithospermic, coffee), naphthoquinone derivatives, vitamins. In the seeds - fatty oil, in its composition organic acids.
Application. The roots and the aerial part in the form of decoctions and infusions are used as an antitumor agent. Shikonin and its derivatives in the experiment have a broad spectrum antigonadotropic and antiviral effect, exhibit antibacterial activity against dysenteric amoeba.
In Tibetan, Chinese, Korean and Japanese medicine, passeriformes are used for various infectious and viral diseases, mainly for scarlet fever, measles, chicken pox, influenza, and rash diseases; as a means of stimulating the function of the gonads, in case of impotence, in gynecology in inflammatory processes in arthritis and other diseases of a rheumatoid nature; as an antidote for the bites of poisonous insects, animals, but mainly snakes; as a prophylactic for epidemics of infectious diseases, restorative, antipyretic and diuretic. Outwardly in the form of ointments and lotions for tumors of various etiologies, cuts, bruises, burns, frostbite, eczema, chronic non-healing wounds and ulcers. Fresh juice and infusion of fresh plants are an effective remedy for baldness, contribute to the growth and strengthening of hair. A decoction of the roots has a contraceptive property.
- To prepare the broth, take 15 g of roots, chop, pour 180 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes, filter, bring to 180 ml. Take a decoction of 2 tbsp. tablespoons 3-4 times a day after meals.
- From the leaves and flowers, an infusion is prepared as follows: 20 g of crushed leaves or flowers, or a mixture thereof, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on the bath for 15 minutes, cool at room temperature for 45 minutes, filter, bring to the desired volume. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day.