edible honeysuckle - lonicera edulis l.
Honeysuckle Family - Caprifoliaceae
Botanical characteristic. Shrub or small trees. Young shoots softly pubescent, tan. The bark of old trunks and branches of brown, exfoliating. Leaves of various shapes: oval, linear-oblong, elliptical, whole-edge. The flowers are light yellow. Corolla tubular-funnel-shaped. Fruits - blue-black berries with a waxy coating, bitter. Seeds are numerous ovoid or oblong. Blossoms when the leaves bloom, in April - May, bears fruit in June - July. Introduced into the culture.
Spread. Grows on the outskirts of marshes, in forests, along the edges and stony placers, sometimes in thickets.
Used parts of the plant. Medicinal raw materials are buds, leaves, flowers, fruits, collected in the usual way. Dried in dryers at a temperature not exceeding 45 ° C. Berries can be dried in ovens, leaves, buds and flowers - outdoors in the shade.
Chemical composition. All parts of the plant contain carbohydrates, vitamins, anthocyanins, organic acids, tannins. Essential oil (terpenoids, carbonyl compounds, alcohols), nitrogen-containing compounds, catechins, a large set of vitamins and minerals were found in the fruits.
Application. In folk medicine , honeysuckle preparations in the form of decoctions of fruits, leaves, flowers are used for headaches, dizziness, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, as diuretic, for edema, as a laxative, antipyretic, sokogonny, antiseptic, with angina for rinsing the mouth, as a wound healing . Fruits are used for gastric diseases, as a general strengthening agent and for liver diseases. Antibiotics used by the inhabitants of the North for the treatment of infectious diseases are obtained from the fruits. Fresh juice of a flowering plant and fruits is used for dermatoses.
Experimental studies have found that honeysuckle preparations stimulate the secretion of the stomach and increase the digestive power of the gastric juice. Fresh fruits have a pronounced hypotensive effect, when they are consumed, headache, dizziness and other symptoms of hypertension disappear; normalize the activity of the gastrointestinal tract, have an antisclerotic effect.
Due to the high content of vitamins in fruits, they are used as a vitamin remedy, in case of depletion and loss of appetite, anemia, as an antipyretic for febrile states, and a diuretic for edema of cardiac origin. A decoction of honeysuckle stems is one of the best folk remedies for dropsy.
In Tibetan medicine, honeysuckle is used for rheumatism, headache, as a painkiller for various diseases.
The drug "Betaine", obtained from the fruits of honeysuckle, is used for atherosclerosis according to the instructions.
Fruits and juice are widely used in the confectionery industry.
- For infusion, take 20 g of flowers and leaves, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take 2 tbsp. tablespoons 2-3 times a day.
- For the broth, take 10 g of crushed dry branches of honeysuckle, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes, filter. Take 1/3 cup 3-4 times a day after meals.