edible honeysuckle - lonicera edulis l.
Family Honeysuckle - Caprifoliaceae
Botanical characteristics. Shrub or small trees. Young shoots are softly pubescent, yellowish-brown. The bark of old trunks and branches of brown, flaking. Leaves of various shapes: oval, linear-oblong, elliptical, entire. The flowers are light yellow. Corolla tubular-funnel-shaped. Fruits - blue-black berries with a waxy bloom, bitter. Seeds numerous ovoid or oblong. It blooms when the leaves bloom, in April - May, bears fruit in June - July. Introduced into the culture.
Spread. It grows on the outskirts of marshes, in forests, along forest edges and rocky placers, sometimes in thickets.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are buds, leaves, flowers, fruits, collected in the usual way. Dry in a dryer at a temperature not higher than 45 ° C. Berries can be dried in ovens, leaves, buds and flowers - in the open air in the shade.
Chemical composition. All parts of the plant contain carbohydrates, vitamins, anthocyanins, organic acids, tannins. Essential oil (in its composition terpenoids, carbonyl compounds, alcohols), nitrogen-containing compounds, catechins, a large set of vitamins and trace elements are found in fruits.
Application. In folk medicine, preparations of honeysuckle in the form of decoctions of fruits, leaves, flowers are used for headache, dizziness, hypertension, diabetes, as diuretic, for edema, as a laxative, antipyretic, sokogonny, antiseptic, with a sore throat for rinsing the mouth, as a wound . The fruits are used in gastric diseases, as a fortifying agent and in diseases of the liver. Antibiotics are obtained from the fruit, used by residents of the North to treat infectious diseases. Fresh juice of a flowering plant and fruit is used for dermatoses.
Experimental studies have established that honeysuckle preparations stimulate the secretion of the stomach and increase the digestive power of gastric juice. Fresh fruits have a pronounced hypotensive effect, when they are consumed headache, dizziness and other symptoms of hypertension disappear; normalize the activity of the gastrointestinal tract, have anti-sclerotic effect.
Due to the high content of vitamins in fruits, they are used as a vitamin remedy, with exhaustion and loss of appetite, anemia, as antipyretic in febrile conditions, diuretic for edema of cardiac origin. A decoction of the stems of honeysuckle is one of the best folk remedies for dropsy.
In Tibetan medicine, honeysuckle is used for rheumatism, headache, as a painkiller for various diseases.
The drug "Betaine", obtained from the fruits of honeysuckle, is used for atherosclerosis according to the instructions.
Fruits and juice are widely used in the confectionery industry.
- For an infusion, take 20 g of flowers and leaves, pour 200 ml of boiling water, infuse in a water boiling bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take 2 tbsp. spoons 2-3 times a day.
- For the broth, take 10 g of crushed dry branches of honeysuckle, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes, filter. Take 1/3 cup 3-4 times a day after meals.