Livolivny derbybnik - lythrum salicaria l.
Derbennikovye family - Lythraceae
Botanical characteristics. Perennial herbaceous plant. The root is woody, thick. Stem erect, up to 1.5 m tall, covered with short, stiff hairs. Lower leaves are opposite or in verticils of 3 or 4, upper alternate. All leaves are sessile, almost heart-shaped at the base, pointed at the top. Crimson flowers, on the stem, are collected in whorls on the top of the stem and lateral branches, forming a long, intermittent racemose-shaped spike-shaped inflorescence. The fruit is an oval box. Blossoms in July, fruits in August.
Spread. It grows along river banks, among aquatic vegetation, in willow thickets, in swamps, sometimes by the sea.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are the roots, the aerial parts of the plant, flowers, leaves, collected in the usual way.
Chemical composition. The plant contains flavonoids, tannins, phenolcarboxylic acids (chlorogenic, gallic, ellagic), essential oil, vitamins. The flowers contain anthocyanins, in the roots - saponins.
Application. In folk medicine, decoction of the roots is used as an anti-inflammatory agent for colds, coughing, antibacterial, astringent, diuric, analgesic and wound healing. They are used for dysentery, gastralgia, headache, as an antidote for snake bites, encephalitis ticks, poisonous and rabid animals, for venereal diseases, toxemia in pregnant women, for convulsions. Fresh leaves apply to bruises, wounds.
Infusions of the aerial part of the derbum are used as a tonic, fortifying, hemostatic, for the treatment of chronic inflammation of the mucous membranes of organs, the gastrointestinal tract and the upper respiratory tract; with nervous diseases, epilepsy, rheumatism, hematuria, typhoid, hemorrhoids, belyah; outwardly - for bathing children weakened after illness and with increased arousal; effective for varicose ulcers, fractures, eczema, for the treatment of wounds and bruises.
In Japan, dungster is widely used to make thirst quencher drinks. Tibetan medicine treats various nervous diseases. In homeopathy - as a fixative.
- To obtain a decoction, 20 g of raw materials are taken, 200 ml of boiling water is poured, insisted on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cooled for 10 minutes, filtered. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day, regardless of the meal.
- For an infusion, 15 g of leaves, flowers, or their mixtures are poured 180 ml of boiling water, infused on a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cooled for 45 minutes, filtered and taken 1/3 cup 3-4 times a day.