Sandman (Salt) white - melandrium album (silene alba)
Other names: Salt White
Carnation Family - Caryophyllaceae
Botanical characteristic. Herbaceous perennial plant. The stem is rod, thin. The stem is erect, furrowed, branched in the upper part, slightly sticky, pubescent with soft hairs. Leaves are opposite, elliptic, flat-haired, lower short-leaved, upper - sessile. Flowers are collected in the apical semi-umbrella, white petals. The fruit is a multi-seeded egg-shaped box. Seeds are kidney-oval, ash gray. It blooms from May to August, bears fruit until October.
Spread. It grows in meadows, near roads, near housing, like weed in crops, among shrubs.
Used parts of the plant. Medicinal raw materials are the aerial part of the plant, leaves, flowers, less often the roots and seeds collected in the usual way.
Chemical composition. All parts of the white doze contain flavonoids, saponins. The leaves contain vitamins, phenolcarboxylic acids and their derivatives. The fruit contains a fatty oil.
Application. In folk medicine, the plant is used for insomnia, to relieve mental stress in the form of baths and inside. Decoctions and infusions of leaves and flowers in Komi are used as sedatives, for epilepsy, uterine bleeding, mainly in the postpartum period, for the treatment of umbilical hernia inside and outward in the form of poultices, compresses.
There is evidence in the literature that white sandman is used for various tumor diseases. Decoctions and tincture of seeds are used for tumors, most often intestines. In this regard, the plant is gaining popularity and is of great interest and value.
In the experiment, preparations of the aerial part increase the contractile ability of the uterine muscles, and have anti-inflammatory and choleretic effects.
The roots have a high foaming property and can be used to make soap. Valuable livestock feed. Recommended for introduction to the culture.
- To obtain the infusion, take 20 g of leaves and flowers, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take 2 tbsp. tablespoons 3-4 times a day.
- A decoction is prepared from seeds or roots. Why take 15 g of roots or seeds, or a mixture thereof, pour 180 ml of boiling water, insist on a water bath for 30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes, filter, bring to 180 ml. Take should be 2 tbsp. tablespoons 2-3 times a day.