Melilotus officinalis - melilotus officinalis pall.
Family (Legumes) - Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
Botanical characteristic. Biennial herb. The root root, penetrates deep into 1.5 m. The stem is straight, branched, up to 2 m tall, pubescent in the upper part. The leaves are alternate, petiolate, triple. The flowers are yellow, collected in axillary brushes. The fruit is an ovoid bean with a subulate nose. It blooms in June - August, the seeds ripen in October. Seeds are yellowish-green, oval-elongated. Several species grow. All types are outwardly similar to each other, close in chemical composition, can be used similarly in medicine and are medicinal.
Spread. Widely distributed in forest and forest-steppe regions of our country. It grows in wastelands, along roads, like a weed in fields and meadows.
Used parts of the plant. Medicinal raw material is clover grass. Shoots are collected up to 15 cm during flowering and dried in dryers or in the shade in bunches. The plant has a pleasant aroma. Store in closed jars.
As a medicinal plant, clover has long been known. The aboveground part is included in the domestic pharmacopoeias of the 1–13th edition, and is official in Germany, Austria, Poland, Romania, and the Netherlands.
Chemical composition. The aerial part of the sweet clover contains flavonoids, tannins, coumarins (melilotoside, coumarin and its derivatives), organic acids (coumaric, melilotic, etc.), carbohydrates, vitamins, essential oil.
Application. It has antispasmodic, wound healing, absorbable, analgesic, anticonvulsant, emollient, expectorant and lactogenic effect.
In medical practice, clover preparations are prescribed as anticonvulsant, with angina pectoris and obstruction of the coronary vessels, are part of the fees for the treatment of rheumatism.
In folk medicine , they are used as an emollient, expectorant, painkiller for diseases of the respiratory organs, menopause, pain in the bladder and kidneys, migraine, purulent inflammation of the middle ear, headache, hypertension, atherosclerosis, psychosis; externally - with boils, mastitis, articular rheumatism, malignant tumors, as antibacterial.
In Bulgaria, clover preparations are used as anticoagulants and a fibrinolytic agent, a hypotensive; in Poland - with insomnia, neurasthenia, heart disease; in France - as antispasmodic and astringent; in Tibetan medicine, it is part of complex formulations used for various gynecological diseases and upper respiratory tracts; in Chinese medicine - with encephalitis; in Indian medicine - as hemostatic, with flatulence.
Melilot drug Meliocin has been proposed for use as a biostimulating agent whose action is twice as high as aloe extract.
Recently, there is evidence that clover preparations lower the number of leukocytes in the blood of patients with radiation sickness, and in combination with grass, coltsfoot is used for inflammation of the ovaries, mammary glands, and has an antitumor effect.
Homeopathy. It is widely used in homeopathy Melilotus 3x, 3, 6. Homeopathic anticoagulant: causes a gradual and persistent decrease in prothrombin index, no side effects are observed. It is prescribed for coronary heart disease, hypertension, atherosclerosis, for the prevention of thromboembolism and thrombosis. It is also indicated for severe headaches, accompanied by a rush of blood to the face and head; with spasms, convulsions, epilepsy. Typical symptoms for the appointment of the drug are: deterioration in wet weather, from physical stress, at 16 o’clock in the afternoon.
- To prepare the infusion, take 6 g of chopped leaves and flowers, pour 180 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter, bring to the desired volume with water, squeezing the residue. Take 2 tbsp. tablespoons 2-3 times a day after meals.
- Clover preparations are often used for varicose veins. To do this, it is better to prepare the ointment as follows: 2 tbsp. spoons of grass brew a glass of boiling water, boil over low heat until half of the original volume is evaporated, strain. For 1 part of the prepared broth, take 2 parts of petroleum jelly and 2 parts of lanolin, or replace with another fat base or cream. For this purpose, you can use the fresh juice of a flowering plant, which rubbed painful places from the bottom up.
Contraindications Poisonous plant. In case of an overdose, headache, nausea, bleeding of the mucous membranes may appear. It is advisable to use sweet clover only in collections together with other medicinal herbs.
The spicy-aromatic properties of sweet clover are due to the content of coumarin in it, which lowers blood coagulation, therefore, clover grass should be used with caution for people with reduced blood coagulation, under the supervision of a doctor.