Melilotus officinalis melilotus officinalis pall.
Family (Legumes) - Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
Botanical characteristics. Biennial herb. Taproot penetrates up to 1.5 m. Stem erect, branched, up to 2 m tall, pubescent in upper part. Leaves alternate, petiolate, trifoliate. The flowers are yellow, collected in axillary brush. The fruit is an egg-shaped bob with a styloid spout. It blooms in June - August, the seeds ripen in October. Seeds are yellowish-green, oval-elongated. There are several species. All species resemble each other, are similar in chemical composition, can be used similarly in medicine and are medicinal.
Spread. Widely distributed in the forest and forest-steppe regions of our country. It grows in wastelands, along roads, like a weed in fields and meadows.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw material is grass clover. Collect shoots up to 15 cm during flowering and dried in dryers or in the shade in bunches. The plant has a pleasant aroma. Store in closed cans.
As a medicinal plant clover is known for a long time. The aboveground part is included in the domestic pharmacopoeias of the 1st to 13th editions, official in Germany, Austria, Poland, Romania, the Netherlands.
Chemical composition. The aboveground part of the clover contains flavonoids, tannins, coumarins (melotozid, coumarin and its derivatives), organic acids (coumarin, melilotovaya, etc.), carbohydrates, vitamins, essential oil.
Application. It has antispasmodic, wound healing, resolving, analgesic, anticonvulsant, emollient, expectorant and lactogenic action.
In medical practice, preparations of clover are prescribed as an anticonvulsant, for angina and blockage of coronary vessels, are included in fees for the treatment of rheumatism.
In folk medicine , it is used as an emollient, expectorant, painkiller for diseases of the respiratory organs, menopausal ailments, pains in the bladder and kidneys, migraine, purulent inflammation of the middle ear, headache, hypertension, atherosclerosis, psychosis; outwardly - with boils, mastitis, articular rheumatism, malignant tumors, as antibacterial.
In Bulgaria, clover preparations are used as anticoagulants and fibrinolytic drugs, hypotensive; in Poland - for insomnia, neurasthenia, heart disease; in France, as antispasmodic and astringent; in Tibetan medicine is a part of complex formulations used in various gynecological diseases and upper respiratory tract; in Chinese medicine, with encephalitis; in Indian medicine - as hemostatic, with flatulence.
The drug clover medicinal "Meliotsin" proposed for use as a biostimulating agent, the effect of which is twice as high as the extract of aloe.
Recently, there is evidence that clover preparations reduce the number of leukocytes in the blood in patients with radiation sickness, and in combination with the grass mother and stepmother used for inflammation of the ovaries, mammary glands, have an antitumor effect.
Homeopathy. Melilotus 3x, 3, 6 is widely used in homeopathy. Homeopathic anticoagulant: causes a gradual and sustained decrease in the prothrombin index, no side effects are observed. Assign with coronary heart disease, hypertension, atherosclerosis, for the prevention of thromboembolism and thrombosis. It is also indicated for severe headaches accompanied by a rush of blood to the face and head; with spasms, convulsions, epilepsy. The characteristic symptoms for prescribing the drug are: deterioration in wet weather, from physical exertion, at 16 o'clock in the afternoon.
- To prepare the infusion, 6 g of crushed leaves and flowers are taken, 180 ml of boiling water is poured, insisted on a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cooled for 45 minutes, filtered, made up to the required volume with water, squeezing out the residue. Take 2 tbsp. spoon 2-3 times a day after meals.
- Often, preparations of clover are used for varicose veins. To do this, it is better to prepare the ointment as follows: 2 tbsp. spoons of grass brew a glass of boiling water, boil on low heat until evaporation of half of the original volume, drain. For 1 part of cooked broth, take 2 parts of vaseline and 2 parts of lanolin, or replace it with another fat base or cream. For this purpose, you can use the fresh juice of a flowering plant, which rub painful places from the bottom up.
Contraindications. Poisonous plant. In case of overdose, headache, nausea, mucosal bleeding may occur. It is advisable to use clover only in collections in conjunction with other medicinal herbs.
Spicy-aromatic properties of clover are due to the content of coumarin in it, which lowers blood clotting, therefore grass clover should be used with caution to people with low blood clotting, under medical supervision.