three leaf watch - menyanthes trifoliata l.
The rotational family - Menyanthaceae
Other names. Trifol, water trefoil.
Botanical characteristics. Perennial herbaceous plant.
The rhizome is long, creeping, covered with scales. The leaves are simple, trifoliate, long-petiolate with elliptical segments. Inflorescence - oblong brush. The flowers are pale pink or funnel-shaped white. The fruit is a box. It blooms in May - June. The fruits ripen in July - August.
Spread. Widely distributed throughout the country. It grows in all areas of the Far East. It grows in shallow water: in swamps, along the shores of lakes and streams, in wet meadows. It grows in moss bogs, in stagnant water, sparsely and thickets.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw material is the aerial part of the plant, more often - the leaves collected during budding or during flowering. Dry in a dryer at a temperature not higher than 35-40 ° C.
Chemical composition. The aboveground part of the plant contains triterpenoids: loganin, betulinic acid and other alkaloids: foliamentin; phenol carboxylic acids, steroids, carbohydrates and related compounds: glucose, fructose, sucrose, meniatin, melantin; saponins, flavonoids, fatty oil. Roots contain saponins, tannins, flavonoids.
Application. The leaves are included in the domestic pharmacopoeia. Galenic preparations of the watch are used as stimulating appetite and promoting the strengthening of gastrointestinal secretion, in gastritis with low acidity, with constipation and flatulence, and also as a febrifuge. Included in the charges appetizing, choleretic, laxative, diuretic, sedative.
Outwardly decoctions and infusions of the watch are used for washing trophic ulcers and difficult healing wounds. Bathing - with diseases of the skin and mucous membranes.
In homeopathy - essence - with headache, trigeminal neuralgia, rheumatism, in dentistry - with periodontal disease, stomatitis and toothache.
In folk medicine, the aerial part of the plant in the form of decoctions and infusions of leaves is used in diseases of the liver, gall bladder, gastritis, dysentery, malaria, scurvy, pulmonary tuberculosis, dyspepsia, fever, migraines, as an anthelmintic agent, for respiratory infections, with exhaustion after suffering severe diseases, to stimulate the appetite.
In the experiment, fresh juice and infusion of leaves have an anti-inflammatory effect.
In Tibetan medicine used rhizome for chronic gastroenteritis; in the Komi-Permyatsky autonomous district, roots are used for various respiratory infections; Nanai - with pulmonary tuberculosis; in the Caucasus - with hyposecretion of the stomach.
Cooking To get the infusion, take 10 g of leaves or aerial parts of a plant, pour boiling water over it, heat it on the water bath for 15 minutes, cool it for 45 minutes, filter it, bring it to 200 ml, extinguish the residue. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day.