common tooth - odontites vulgaris l.
Family Nornichnikovye - Scrophulariaceae
Botanical characteristics. Annual herbaceous plant. Tap root. The stem is erect, branched, up to 80 cm tall, with arcuate lateral shoots. Leaves lanceolate, pointed at apex, sessile, serrated, pubescent. The flowers are reddish, in thick one-sided racemes. Fruit - bilocular box. Seeds are oval, furrowed, brown. It blooms in July - August, bears fruit in August - October.
Spread. It grows in fields, pastures, roads, like weeds in crops.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are aerial parts, leaves, flowers, seeds, less often roots, collected in the usual way.
Chemical composition. The roots of the teeth contain iridoids, cardenolides, alkaloids, and vitamins. In the aerial parts there are iridoids (aukubin, cottalpol, odontozid and their derivatives), carotenoids, vitamins, phenolcarboxylic acids, tannins, coumarins, flavonoids; in the seeds - fatty oil.
Application. In folk medicine, infusions and decoctions of the teeth are used for various gastric diseases, tumors, hepatitis, pneumonia, as an expectorant, painkiller for toothache; in Komi - with edema of various etiologies, dermatoses.
In Mongolian medicine, Zubchatka preparations are used for bleeding from the nose, hemorrhoids, and syphilis, as a wound healing agent. In Tibetan medicine is widely used as an antipyretic, anti-inflammatory agent, for blood diseases, for sepsis, infectious diseases, hypertension, acute and chronic hepatitis; in diseases of the liver and biliary tract, as part of complex formulations, as regulating neuroendocrine processes; with bronchitis, pneumonia, laryngitis, gout, respiratory infections, nephritis, for the prevention and treatment of sclerosis, cardiovascular and nervous diseases; in the treatment of cancer.
In the experiment, infusions and hydroalcoholic extracts of flowers and the aerial parts of the plant have choleretic, hypotensive, sedative, cardiotonic, anticonvulsant, hemostatic action. Improve liver function; exhibit antioxidant, antihistamine, bacteriostatic activity.
Fresh sap of a flowering plant and flowers are an effective remedy for cardiovascular diseases, blood diseases; improve blood circulation.
Dry extract of the serrated tooth is recommended for inclusion in scientific medicine.
The Zubchatka is a honey plant, fodder for all animal species.
- To get the infusion, take 15 g of flowers and leaves, pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 15 min in a boiling water bath, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take should be 1/3 cup 3 times a day after meals.
- For broth 10 g of roots, aerial parts or seeds pour 180 ml of boiling water, insist on a bath for 30 minutes, filter, bring to the desired volume. Take 2 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times a day after meals.