sainfoin - onobrychis viciifolia
Other names: Onobrychis sativa.
The Legume family (Fabaceae).
Botanical characteristic. Perennial herb with a stem root. Stem 30 - 70 cm high, straight, branched in the upper part. The leaves are complex pinnate, the lower ones are on long petioles, paired, their oblong, lanceolate, less often linear leaves. The sainfoin has beautiful, vibrant, pink-purple with dark stripes flowers, collected in thick spike-shaped fringes. The fruit is a mesh-wrinkled bean. It blooms in June - July.
Spread. Under natural conditions, grows in meadows, forest edges, among shrubs.
The plant is cultivated as a feed.
Chemical composition. The sainfoin grass contains protein, fats, carbohydrates, amino acids, nitrogen-free compounds, flavones, a large amount of ascorbic acid, rutin.
The plant is used only in traditional medicine to increase the body's resistance to infectious diseases, with a lack of gonadal function (impotence, menstrual irregularities). With diabetes.
Water infusion and decoction of the plant, the aerial and root parts are used in folk medicine as a tonic, as a hypoglycemic, for uterine bleeding.
Of particular therapeutic effectiveness is the sainfoin juice.
Infusion of sainfoin: 1 tbsp. l chopped dry plants pour 300 ml of boiling water and insist in a thermos for 3 to 4 hours, filter. Take 0.5 cup 3-4 times a day before meals for diabetes, impotence, loss of strength.
Decoction of grass and sainfoin roots: 1 tbsp. l dry crushed raw materials pour 1 cup boiling water and boil for 10 minutes. Allow to settle, strain and drink 0.5 cups at night for a month with impotence. After a two-week break, the course is repeated.
Juice from sainfoin sowing grass : The fresh sainfoin grass is thoroughly washed, allowed to drain, grind and pass through a meat grinder or juicer. Juice is taken for diabetes and impotence, menstrual irregularities of 1 tbsp. l 3-4 times a day before meals. The course of treatment is 1 - 1.5 months, after a two-week break, the course is repeated.
The use of sainfoin in food
Young sainfoin grass and sap from the plant are eaten, while taking into account medical indications, we are talking about the use of the plant in the target diet.
Fresh cucumbers are cut into small cubes, cabbage and onions are cut, mixed with finely chopped sainfoin. Season with sour cream, salt.
- Fresh cucumber - 60 g,
- feather onion - 30 g,
- white cabbage - 50 g,
- sainfoin - 60 g,
- sour cream - 20 g,
- salt and spices to taste.
Blanched sainfoin grass and stewed under a lid with onions, carrots and herbs (dill, parsley, thyme) in vegetable oil, add citric acid, tomato juice, salt.
- Sainfoin sowing grass - 100 g,
- onions - 20 g,
- carrots - 30 g
- vegetable oil - 15 g,
- salt and dill, parsley to taste.