Origanum vulgaris - origanum vulcare l.
Family Sponge Flowers - Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Botanical characteristics. Perennial herbaceous plant. Rhizome creeping thin. Stems numerous tetrahedral, reddish, covered with soft hairs. The leaves are opposite, petiolate, oblong-ovate. The flowers are small, purple, gathered in panicles. The fruit is a dark brown nut, slightly squeezed, dotted. It blooms in July - August, bears fruit in August - September.
Spread. It is widespread in most parts of the country, it prefers light forest edges, ravine slopes, overgrown shrubs and roadsides.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw material is the whole plant. The above-ground part is collected during flowering. Oregano pulled out with the root and dried; roots - in the fall.
Chemical composition. All parts of the plant contain essential oil, triterpenoids (ursolic acid), phenol carboxylic acids, coumarins, flavonoids, carbohydrates, organic acids, diterpenoids, steroids, alkaloids, vitamins. Inflorescences contain higher aliphatic alcohols; in the seeds - fatty oil.
Application. In folk medicine, preparations of oregano in the form of infusions and decoctions of the aerial parts and roots are used for female diseases, pulmonary tuberculosis, convulsions of various origin, stroke, asthenia, flatulence, headache, whooping cough, respiratory infections, gastritis, hepatitis, dyspepsia, rheumatism , asthma, neuralgia, rickets, gonorrhea, with various skin diseases and rashes, eczema, boils, as a wound healing, to strengthen the hair.
In scientific and practical medicine used as an expectorant, enhancing intestinal peristalsis, diuretic, sedative, anticonvulsant, in the complex treatment of malignant tumors, with cholecystitis, diseases of the biliary tract, acute and chronic bronchitis, enterocolitis; part of the chest and diaphoretic tea; in collections - in case of sore throat in the form of rinsing, in case of skin diseases, diathesis, eczema, vitiligo - in the form of lotions; with chronic sinusitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, tonsillitis, tracheobronchitis - in the form of inhalation.
Root decoctions are used for epilepsy, hyperhidrosis of the feet, rheumatism, skin diseases accompanied by a rash. Fresh juice has an antibacterial effect.
In the experiment, preparations of oregano have a pronounced diuretic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory effect, reduce blood pressure for a short time, exhibit procytocidal activity. Extract - effective anthelmintic agent.
The peoples of many countries oregano used to alleviate the condition of women in menopause, hence its popular name "motherboard"; for edema, for the treatment of neurosis, for disorders of sexual function in men; in obstetric and gynecological practice; as enhancing the function of the thyroid gland.
Oregano herb extract is included in the complex drug "Urolesan", used as an antispasmodic and promotes the release of stones from the ureters, enhances bile formation and biliary excretion, antiseptic, reduces the inflammatory process in the urinary tract.
In Indian medicine is included in the composition of ointments and balms used for rheumatism, paralysis, cuts, toothache, pain in the ears, neuralgia. Flowers - in the composition of ointments for eczema. Decoction of fruits - antiemetic.
Young shoots are used as a spice in the food industry. Medonos. Folk remedy for moths.
Homeopathy. The homeopathic drug Origanum 3x, 3, 6 is indicated for neurocirculatory dystonia, vegetative disharmonal myocardial dystrophy, menopausal complaints, as an antispasmodic for gastrointestinal diseases.
Cooking To prepare the infusion, take 20 g of crushed dried grass. Pour 200 ml of boiling water over them, leave for 15 minutes in a boiling water bath, cool for 45 minutes, filter, adjust to 200 ml, squeezing the grass. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day after meals.
Often, oregano is used with other medicinal plants: chamomile flowers, coltsfoot, calamus root, birch buds, etc.
If the ingredients are roots or buds, make a decoction : 20 g of the ground mixture is poured 200 ml of boiling water, insisted on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cooled for 20 minutes, squeezed, adjusted to 200 ml. Take 2 tbsp. spoon 2-3 times a day after meals.
Contraindications. Attention! Pregnant women take oregano medications only as prescribed by a doctor.