cranberry four spawn (marsh) - oxycoccus quadripetalus (oxycoccus quadripetala)
Heather Family - Ericaceae
Botanical characteristics. Cowberry family. Evergreen small shrub with creeping shoots up to 30 cm long. The leaves are alternate, lanceolate, on short petioles, green above and silvery below. The flowers are small, dark pink or purple, correct. It blooms in May – June. Fruit - spherical sour berry of dark red color, ripens in late autumn.
Spread. Marsh plant. Widespread wild berries of the northern and middle regions of the European part of our country, Siberia and the Far East.
Used plant parts.
Ripe berries collected in the fall after frost or in early spring.
Cranberry berries contain acids (quinic, citric, benzoic, oleanic, ursolic), sugars, vitamin C (up to 22 mg%), vaccine glycoside, pectin substances and pigments.
In various febrile diseases such as antipyretic, vitamin and thirst quenching agent. Cranberry juice is given to postoperative patients, with tonsillitis, flu, rheumatism, malaria; as a weak vasodilator is recommended for angina.
In folk medicine with a therapeutic purpose, cranberries are recommended for all diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract. When the kidney patients are prescribed a salt-free diet, adding cranberry to the food improves its taste and partly replaces the absence of salt. Drinks from cranberries have not only an independent bactericidal effect, but also significantly enhance the therapeutic activity of other antibacterial drugs used to treat the kidneys and bladder.
Cooking Berries are eaten with sugar and honey, they prepare syrups, juices, sour drinks.