common bird cherry
Padus racemosa (Lam.) Gilib. Prunus padus L.
Botanical characteristic. Family Rosaceae. A small tree or shrub with a dark mottled matte bark up to 10 m high. The leaves are alternate, elliptical, short-leaved. Very fragrant white flowers are collected in drooping brushes. It blooms in May – June. Fruits - black sweet astringent drupes, ripen in August – September.
Spread. Bird cherry grows in the forest and forest-steppe zones of the European part of our country, in the Caucasus, in Western Siberia and in Central Asia, and is cultivated as an ornamental and medicinal plant.
Used parts of the plant.
Ripe fruits, less often - bark.
The flowers and leaves of bird cherry contain bitter almond oil. Tannins, organic acids (malic and citric), flavonoids, anthocyanins and prulaurazine glycoside are found in the fruits, the leaves contain a lot of ascorbic acid (up to 200 mg%).
It is used mainly as an astringent. For the treatment of diarrhea of any etiology, they use infusion, broth and jelly from the fruits of bird cherry, consume fresh berries.
In addition, the infusion of berries in the form of lotions is recommended for conjunctivitis and blepharitis; a decoction of the cortex is used as a diaphoretic and diuretic. Bird cherry bark has a pronounced insecticidal effect.
Infusion for internal use: 2 tablespoons of berries insist for 6 hours with 0.5 l of boiling water in a thermos (daily dose).
The broth is prepared in the same proportions.
Fresh berries are consumed in 1/2 cup 3 times a day 20–40 minutes before meals.
Bird cherry has long been used in gardening to control pests of trees and berries: caterpillars, aphids, bugs and slugs. To do this, prepare an infusion of fresh twigs and cherry leaves at the rate of 0.5 kg of raw materials per 10 liters of water. Bird cherry, lowered into the water for several minutes, kills pathogenic microbes and gives the water a pleasant aromatic aftertaste.