Padus racemosa (Lam.) Gilib. Prunus padus L.
Botanical characteristics. Rosaceae family. A small tree or shrub with dark variegated matte bark up to 10 m high. The leaves are alternate, elliptical, short-petiolate. Very fragrant white flowers are collected in drooping brushes. It blooms in May – June. Fruits - black sweet astringent stone, ripen in August – September.
Spread. The bird cherry grows in the forest and forest-steppe zones of the European part of our country, in the Caucasus, in Western Siberia and in Central Asia, cultivated as an ornamental and medicinal plant.
Used plant parts.
Ripe fruits, less often - bark.
The flowers and leaves of the bird cherry contain gorkomindalnoe oil. Tannins, organic acids (malic and citric), flavonoids, anthocyanins and glycoside prulaurazin are found in fruits, and a lot of ascorbic acid is found in leaves (up to 200 mg%).
Used mainly as a binder. For the treatment of diarrhea of any etiology use infusion, decoction and jelly from the fruit of the bird cherry, use fresh berries.
In addition, the infusion of berries in the form of lotions is recommended for conjunctivitis and blepharitis; decoction of the cortex is used as a diaphoretic and diuretic. Bird cherry has a pronounced insecticidal action.
Infusion for internal use: 2 tablespoons of berries insist for 6 hours with 0.5 liters of boiling water in a thermos (daily dose).
The broth is prepared in the same proportions.
Fresh berries consume 1/2 cup 3 times a day for 20-40 minutes before meals.
Bird cherry has long been used in gardening to combat pests of trees and berries: caterpillars, aphids, beetles and slugs. To do this, prepare an infusion of fresh twigs and leaves of bird cherry at the rate of 0.5 kg of raw materials per 10 liters of water. Prunus, dropped into the water for several minutes, kills pathogenic microbes and gives the water a pleasant, fragrant flavor.