evading peony (marin root) - paeonia anomala
Other names: Peony extraordinary.
Family Peony (Paeoniaceae).
Botanical characteristics. Perennial herbaceous plant with a short many-headed rhizome, from which spindly fleshy roots depart. The stem is erect, simple, ribbed, 60–100 cm tall. Leaves are bare, alternate, petiolate, double- or triple-peristolic. The stem is single-flowered. The flowers are regular, bisexual, 8 - 13 cm in diameter, 5 - 6-lobed. The petals are intensely red or pale pink, chipped at the apex. The fruit consists of 3 - 5 multi seed bare leaflets. It blooms in May - June.
Spread. It is widespread in the forest zone of the European region, although with carrying out land reclamation works, the reserves of the plant quickly and considerably become impoverished. It is also found in Siberia, Kazakhstan, grows in coniferous, small-leaved and mixed forests.
Peony evading is cultivated and grown in specialized farms as an industrial pharmacy raw material.
Chemical composition. The roots of the pion evade contain tannins, flavonoids, starch, glucose and sucrose, salicylic acid, methyl salicylate, benzoic acid, glycoside salicin, essential oil, traces of alkaloids, sitosterol. In the ashes of rhizomes of peony many minerals, in particular strontium, chromium, nickel, manganese, antimony, molybdenum, tungsten, titanium, lead, copper, magnesium, sodium, calcium, barium. Ascorbic acid, carotene, flavonoids, anthocyanins, traces of alkaloids are found in the aboveground part of the plant.
Used plant parts. For medicinal purposes, harvest the rhizome and roots of the plant, as well as grass. The root can be dug throughout the growing season, but better during the flowering period of the plant.
Application. Used in folk and official medicine. Peony has a sedative, analgesic, expectorant, appetizing property, tones, relieves fatigue, acts as an adaptogen.
In Tibetan medicine, the plant is used for peptic ulcer disease, as an immunostimulant in chronic infectious processes and sepsis, rheumatism, gout, epilepsy, and other neurological diseases.
Peony evasion tincture is known as a sedative for neurasthenic states with increased excitability (menopause, thyrotoxicosis, neurosis, residual effects of traumatic encephalopathy), insomnia, primary and secondary diabetic impotence, hypochondriacal and phobic states, and vascular pathology. Infusion and tincture increase appetite, improve digestion, they are taken with gastritis, especially with high acidity, as an astringent for diarrhea, as an expectorant, as well as for tumor diseases, menstrual disorders, diabetes.
- Infusion rhizomes of peony evading: 1 tsp. crushed raw materials are poured with 1 cup of boiling water and insist in a warm place for 2 hours. Strain and take 1 tbsp. l 3 times a day 15-20 minutes before meals with gastritis, a cold, after irradiation or with tumors, impotence, diabetes.
- Tincture of rhizomes of the pion evading: 1 tbsp. l 500 ml of vodka is poured into the dry ground raw material and left in a dark place for 1 week. Filter and take, diluted with water, 30 to 35 drops 3 times a day 20 minutes before meals for 3-4 weeks with loss of strength, neurosis, fatigue, impotence, menstrual disorders, gastritis. After a 3 week break, repeat the course.
Contraindications. Overdose of drugs from the pion evades leads to pronounced vegetative disturbances.
Use in nutrition
The population of the Far East, Siberia, central Russia, tuberiform roots of peony collects, dries and consumes then with meat or fish. Powder from the roots gives the food a spicy, spicy and pleasant taste. The tubers of the plant are dried, then, boiling them, served as a side dish to meat products.
Boiled dry rhizomes of peony
Rhizomes are harvested in the fall, washed, dried and then dried in the oven or dryer. Store in paper bags or boxes. Dried rhizomes are boiled until half cooked, and then added as a garnish to meat stewed until half cooked. Add onions, sprinkle with grated carrots, salt and put spices and stew under the lid. Served on the table, sprinkled with herbs.
- Rhizomes of a pion evading - 100 g,
- meat - 150 g,
- onion - 60 g,
- carrot - 40 g,
- salt and spices to taste.