ginseng ordinary - panax ginseng sa.a. mey
Araliaceae family - Araliaceae
Botanical characteristics. Perennial herbaceous legendary relict plant. Wild species are listed in the Red Book. Introduced into culture, grown for industrial purposes.
The root is branched, pale yellow, in shape resembling a human figure. The stem is straight, single, up to 70 cm tall. Leaves are two-, three- and five-fold. The inflorescence is a simple umbrella of 5-16 flowers with a white corolla and a green cup. Juicy red fruits with two seeds.
Spread. In the wild form it grows in shady places, in thickets of bushes and ferns.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are the roots, less often the above-ground part of the plant, collected in the usual way for the third or later year of life. The roots and leaves with flowers are collected during flowering.
Chemical composition. All parts of ginseng contain carbohydrates (fructose, maltose, galactose), organic acids (fumaric, succinic, maleic), essential oil (in its composition panacea), alkaloids and other nitrogen-containing compounds; vitamins of group B, niacin, pantothenic acid, phenolcarboxylic acids (salicylic, vanillic, coumaric), heterocyclic compounds (maltol), pigments.
Roots contain carbohydrates and related compounds, essential oil, sesquiterpenoids, triterpenoids, panaxosides, ginsenosides, steroids, nitrogen-containing compounds, vitamins, biotin, nicotinic and folic acids; polyacetylene compounds, fatty oil (composed of acids: linoleic, stearic, oleic, palmitic, linolenic), higher fatty acids, alkaloids.
Application. Roots are included in domestic pharmacopoeias of the 9-10th editions. They are used as a tonic for hypotension, neurasthenia, fatigue, mental illness, for the treatment of poliomyelitis in children and its complications and consequences; with diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, circulatory failure, impotence and decreased function of the gonads, menopause and associated disorders of the autonomic nervous system. They are prescribed in the postpartum period, with Botkin's disease, chronic gastritis, to improve visual acuity and hearing, in the complex treatment of eczema, to improve mental and physical performance.
In the experiment, ginseng drugs have a stimulating effect on the body's motor functions, increase efficiency and reduce fatigue, improve the blood supply to the brain, activate blood formation, have a pronounced anti-stress effect, have an adaptogenic effect, increase immunity, retard the development of atherosclerosis, have anti-tumor effect, suppress the growth of microbes: staphylococci , streptococcus, diphtheria, sartsin, listrell.
The peoples of Eastern medicine widely use ginseng preparations for various diseases of the nervous system, anemia, pulmonary tuberculosis, leukemia, diseases of the stomach, liver, kidneys, heart, various skin diseases. It is recommended to take to prolong life and youth.
Cooking To prepare the tincture, take 50 g of the root, chop, pour cold sweet boiling water, after 4 h the water is drained, and the root is poured with 0.5 l of 40% alcohol, insist 3 weeks. Take 5-10 ml per reception 30 minutes before meals once a day, preferably in the morning or in the middle of the day.
Contraindications. Widely used ginseng, which has many positive qualities, can, if used improperly, cause hypertension, nervousness, insomnia, and rash. In this regard, you should not exceed the dose, it is better to use ready-made drugs according to the instructions for them and as directed by the doctor.