common harmonica - pecainum harmala l.
Family of Leaf Leaves - Zygophyllaceae
Botanical characteristic. Perennial herb up to 80 cm high with an unpleasant strong odor. It grows on clay, sandy, sandy, saline, saline, fine-grained soils, in flat semi-deserts, foothills, on pastures, like a weed in crops.
The roots are powerful up to 3 m long. The leaves are palmately dissected. The flowers are white or pale yellow, about 2 cm in diameter, numerous. The fruit is a flattened-spherical capsule with small dark brown wedge-shaped seeds. It blooms in May - June, bears fruit in July - August.
Used parts of the plant. Medicinal raw material is the whole plant. The aerial part and roots are harvested during flowering, since at the beginning and at the end of the growing season the plant contains a large amount of alkaloids, especially in the fruits.
Chemical composition. All parts of the plant contain the alkaline peganin. In addition, alkaloids are located in the rhizome: harmine, harmaline, harmalol; saponins.
In the aerial part of the harmala contains alkaloids; organic acids, saponins; in seeds - a large set of alkaloids and fatty oil, in its composition of acid; carotenoids; steroids.
Application. Since ancient times, harmala has been used for various diseases, mainly as an external agent, painkiller for joint pain, snake and scorpion bites, and skin diseases.
In Ukraine, a decoction of the roots in the form of baths was used and is currently being used for rheumatism, scabies, seizures.
Roots and seeds were included in the domestic Pharmacopoeia of the 8th edition as a source of obtaining harmin, used in postencephalitis parkinsonism.
The drug from the aerial part of the plant "Peganin" was approved for use in myasthenia gravis, myopathy, as a laxative. Currently removed from the use of these diseases. In a clinical study, “Peganin” was effective in the recovery period of epidemic polio, infectious neuritis of the facial nerve, post-influenza arachnoiditis.
In folk medicine, a decoction of the aerial parts of harmala is used for neurasthenia, epilepsy, syphilis, malaria, and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract; externally - for diseases of a rheumatoid nature, skin diseases, especially scabies, and as a potency enhancing agent.
Fresh juice resolves cataracts in the eyes.
In Indian medicine, harmala seeds are widely used as antipyretic, sedative, hypnotics, for impotence, diuretic, for asthma, as abortive.
In the experiment, garmin had a sedative and hypnotic effect.
- For a bath, 100 g of the above-ground part is boiled in 5 l of water for 10-15 minutes, filtered for 2-3 hours and added to the bath, which is taken 2 times a week for 15-20 minutes.
- Tincture is prepared on 70% alcohol at a rate of 1:10, insist 15 -20 days in a dark place, shaking occasionally, filter and rub the sore spots 1 time per day no more than 30 ml per session.
- Fresh juice for eye treatment should be diluted 1:10 with the addition of 3-5 drops of honey (per 10 ml).
Contraindications In the literature there is information about the toxicity of the plant.
Due to the toxicity of the plant, the preparation of medicines at home requires caution, since in large doses it can cause hallucinations, drowsiness, cramps, lowering body temperature, a state of half-sleep, respiratory failure, etc. It is better to use the finished drug “Garmin” as prescribed by the doctor and according to the instructions for the drug.
Attention! To hide preparations from children, to store raw materials separately with a label, in a closed container.