common harmala - pecainum harmala l.
Family Leaf - Zygophyllaceae
Botanical characteristics. Perennial herbaceous plant up to 80 cm high with an unpleasant strong odor. It grows on clayey, sandy, alkaline, saline fine-grained soils, in lowland semi-deserts, foothills, on pastures, like a weed in crops.
The roots are powerful up to 3 m long. Finger-dissected leaves. The flowers are white or pale yellow about 2 cm in diameter, numerous. The fruit is a flat spherical box with small dark brown wedge-shaped seeds. It flowers in May - June, bears fruit in July - August.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw material is the whole plant. The above-ground part and the roots are harvested during flowering, as at the beginning and at the end of the growing season the plant contains a large amount of alkaloids, especially in fruits.
Chemical composition. All parts of the plant contain pecanine alkaloid. In addition, there are alkaloids in the rhizome: harmine, harmaline, garmalol; saponins.
The aerial part of the harmala contains alkaloids; organic acids, saponins; in the seeds - a large set of alkaloids and fatty oil, in its composition of the acid; carotenoids; steroids.
Application. For a long time, garmala has been used in various diseases, mainly as an external remedy, painkiller for pain in the joints, from snake and scorpion bites, and for skin diseases.
In Ukraine, decoction of roots in the form of baths was used and is currently used for rheumatism, scabies, convulsions.
Roots and seeds were included in the national pharmacopoeia of the 8th edition as a source for obtaining the harmonium used in post-encephalitic parkinsonism.
The drug from the aerial part of the plant "Peganin" was approved for use in myasthenia, myopathy, as a laxative. Currently removed from the use of these diseases. In a clinical study, “Peganin” was effective in the recovery period of epidemic polio, infectious neuritis of the facial nerve, post-influenza arachnoiditis.
In folk medicine, the decoction of the aerial parts of the harmala is used for neurasthenia, epilepsy, syphilis, malaria, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract; outwardly - in case of rheumatoid diseases, skin diseases, especially scabies, and as a potentiator-enhancing agent.
Fresh juice resolves the cataract on the eyes.
In Indian medicine, the seeds of harmala are widely used as antipyretic, sedative, hypnotic, with impotence, diuretic, with asthma, as abortive.
In the experiment, the harmine had a sedative and hypnotic effect.
- For a bath, 100 g of the above-ground part is boiled in 5 liters of water for 10-15 minutes, filtered for 2-3 hours and added to the bath, which is taken 2 times a week for 15-20 minutes.
- The tincture is prepared on 70% alcohol at the rate of 1:10, they insist 15 -20 days in a dark place, periodically shaking, filter and rub sore spots once a day no more than 30 ml per session.
- Fresh juice for eye treatment should be diluted 1:10 with the addition of 3-5 drops of honey (10 ml).
Contraindications. In the literature there is information about the toxicity of the plant.
In connection with the poisonousness of the plant, the preparation of medicines at home requires caution, since in large doses it can cause hallucinations, drowsiness, convulsions, a decrease in body temperature, a semi-abstinence state, respiratory failure, etc. It is better to use the finished Garmin drug as prescribed by a doctor and according to the instructions for the drug.
Attention! To hide preparations from children, to store raw materials separately with a label, in the closed container.