Phaseolus vulgaris L.
Botanical characteristics. Bean family. Annual herb with a long stem. The leaves are trifoliate complex. The flowers are collected in short axillary racemes, white or purple. Fruits are hanging smooth beans containing seeds between incomplete spongy partitions.
Beans come from South America. As a leguminous plant it is cultivated in the middle and southern regions of our country.
Used parts. Fruits, seeds.
Beans contain carotene - 0.31 mg%, vitamins K - 0.29 mg%, B1 - 0.073 mg%, B2 - 0.14 mg%, PP - 0.50 mg%, pantothenic acid - 0.20 mg%, Vitamin B6 - 0.14 mg%; Vitamin C - 19.50 mg%. The content of mineral substances reaches significant values, 100 g of beans contain sodium - 1.7 mg, potassium - 256.0 mg, magnesium - 26.00 mg, calcium - 50.8 mg, iron - 0.79 mg, phosphorus - 37, 00 mg, iodine - 3.0 mg.
Bean fruits contain the amino acids arginine, trigonelline, tyrosine, leucine, lysine, tryptophan, choline, asparagine, and hemicellulose.
Arginine causes the antidiabetic (hypoglycemic) action of bean pods, similar to the action of insulin.
Application. In scientific medicine is not used. In folk medicine, bean pods are used in diabetes and chronic pancreatitis. Bean pods are also added to the charges in the treatment of rheumatism, dropsy, kidney diseases.