stone-blade femur - pimpinella saxifraga l.
Botanical characteristics. Perennial herb 20-50 cm tall. It grows in pine and small-leaved forests on forest edges, in thickets, on fallow lands, along roads, on meadows.
Tap root. The stem is hollow, grooved, naked, leafy only in the lower part. Stem leaves, poorly developed, sitting on the vagina with narrow terminal lobules; leaves of basal leaves ovate-oblong, serrated along the edges. The flowers are white, sometimes pinkish, gathered in 5-12-beam umbrellas. It flowers in May - June, bears fruit in July - August. The fruits are small, almost black.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are roots, stems, leaves, flowers and seeds. Roots are harvested in spring (March - April) and autumn (September - October); the above-ground part - during the flowering of the plant, the seeds - as they mature.
Chemical composition. All parts of the plant contain essential oil.
The roots contain terpenoids: bisabolol, saxazulen; polyacetylene compounds, aromatic compounds: propyl benzene, phenols and their derivatives: isoeugenol, pseudoeugenol, their tiglates and isomers; coumarins: pympinellin, isopimpinelin, isobergaphen, spondin, umbelliferon, bergapten, peacedanin, xantotoxin, empressin.
The elevated part (stems, inflorescences, leaves) contains: carbohydrates, vitamins, flavonoids: kaempferol, quercetin glycosides and isorhamnetin.
Seeds contain fatty oil (up to 29%), which contains acids: petroselic, palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, linolenic; phenolic compounds, coumarins.
Application. The roots were included in the domestic pharmacopoeia of the 3-4th editions, included in the Swiss and German pharmacopoeias as expectorant for respiratory diseases and chronic laryngitis.
In homeopathy, the juice of fresh flowering plants is used for headaches and as a hemostatic agent.
In folk medicine in many countries, the femoral saxifrage is used in the form of infusions and decoctions for pneumonia, bronchitis, trachyitis, gastritis, renal stone disease, ascites, gout, enuresis, as diuretic, diaphoretic, analgesic antiseptic lactogenic. In Bulgaria, flowers and seeds are used internally and externally for vitiligo; outwardly in the form of rinsing - with angina. Fresh juice discolorates age spots.
In the experiment, the preparations of the femoral have hypotensive and vasodilating properties, are active in sarcoma.
Young leaves are used for salads.
Recently, interest in the plant is increasing due to the fact that foreign literature presents data on its antitumor activity.
- For broth, take 10-15 g of the aboveground part of the plant or roots, grind, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes, filter. Take 1/3 cup 2-3 times daily before meals.
- For an infusion, take 20 g of leaves or flowers or mixtures thereof, pour 200 ml of boiling water over it, leave for 15 minutes in a water bath, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day before meals.
- The tincture of the roots is prepared on 70% alcohol at the rate of 1: 5, insist in a dark place for 12-15 days. Take 30-40 drops at the reception, you can gradually increase to 1 teaspoon 2-3 times a day before meals.