Saxifrage femur - pimpinella saxifraga l.
Botanical characteristic. Perennial herb 20-50 cm tall. It grows in pine and small-leaved forests on the edges, in bushes, on deposits, along roads, in meadows.
The root is rod. The stem is hollow, furrowed, glabrous, only leafy in the lower part. Stem leaves, poorly developed, sitting on the vagina with narrow terminal segments; leaflets of basal leaves are ovate-oblong, serrated at the edges. The flowers are white, sometimes pinkish, collected in 5-12-ray umbrellas. It blooms in May - June, bears fruit in July - August. The fruits are small, almost black.
Used parts of the plant. Medicinal raw materials are roots, stems, leaves, flowers and seeds. Roots are harvested in spring (March - April) and autumn (September - October); the aerial part - during the flowering of the plant, the seeds - as they mature.
Chemical composition. All parts of the plant contain essential oil.
The roots contain terpenoids: bizabolol, saxazulene; polyacetylene compounds, aromatic compounds: propyl benzene, phenols and their derivatives: isoeugenol, pseudoeugenol, their crucibles and isomers; Coumarins: pimpinellin, isopimpinelin, isobergapten, sphondin, umbelliferon, bergapten, peucedanin, xanthotoxin, impertin.
The aboveground part (stems, inflorescences, leaves) contains: carbohydrates, vitamins, flavonoids: campferol, quercetin and isoramnetin glycosides.
Seeds contain fatty oil (up to 29%), which contains acids: petrozelinic, palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, linolenic; phenolic compounds, coumarins.
Application. The roots were included in the domestic pharmacopeia of the 3-4th edition, are included in the Swiss and German pharmacopeias as an expectorant for respiratory diseases and chronic laryngitis.
In homeopathy, the juice of fresh flowering plants is used for headaches and as a hemostatic agent.
In folk medicine of many countries, saxifrage is used in the form of infusions and decoctions for pneumonia, bronchitis, trachea, gastritis, kidney stone disease, ascites, gout, enuresis, as a diuretic, diaphoretic, analgesic antiseptic lactogenic. In Bulgaria, flowers and seeds are used inside and out with vitiligo; externally in the form of rinses - with tonsillitis. Fresh juice discolours age spots.
In the experiment, femoral preparations have hypotensive and vasodilating properties, are active in sarcoma.
Young leaves are used for salads.
Recently, interest in the plant has been increasing due to the fact that foreign literature provides data on its antitumor activity.
- For decoction, take 10-15 g of the aerial part of the plant or roots, grind it, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes, filter. Take 1/3 cup 2-3 times a day before meals.
- For infusion, take 20 g of leaves or flowers or a mixture thereof, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a water bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take 1/3 cup 3 times a day before meals.
- Tincture from the roots is prepared on 70% alcohol at a rate of 1: 5, insist in a dark place for 12-15 days. Take 30-40 drops per reception, gradually you can increase to 1 teaspoon 2-3 times a day before meals.