spring - polygala l.
Family Eggs - Polygalaceae
Botanical characteristics. Perennial herb or shrub. For the characteristic characteristic alternate, rarely opposite or whorled simple leaves, sometimes with glands on the petioles.
Spread. In areas with a temperate climate, only grassy plants grow. Sources - plants of wet and dry meadows, meadow steppes, savannas, stony mountain slopes, pine forests and wet deciduous forests. They grow on sandy soils in swamps.
There are several species. The most healing are:
- The source of bitter - P. amara L. The many-headed root, from which several upright stems grow up to 20 cm tall. The leaves form a rosette of lanceolate leaves and alternately arranged on the stem. Flowers with small covering leaves are collected in the final brush. Petals are ovoid. Front lobe with four-bladed appendage, lateral pterygoid, usually blue, less often reddish, sometimes white. It blooms from May to June. The fruit is a box.
- The thin-leaved spring - P. tenuifolia L. The root is short, pivotal. Leaves lanceolate, sessile. The stems are short, thin, pressed, numerous. Blue flowers of irregular shape, collected in sparse lateral brush. The fruit is a box. It blooms in May - July.
Both species are similar in chemical composition, and can be used similarly for therapeutic purposes.
Chemical composition. They contain carbohydrates and related compounds, saponins, terpenoids, tannins, bitterness, essential oil, nitrogen-containing compounds, phenol carboxylic acids, coumarins, xanthones, flavonoids. Seeds contain fatty oil.
The spring is a substitute for American senega and is not inferior to it in its healing properties, and surpasses it in some indications.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw material is the whole plant, collected in the usual way during flowering. The plant is pulled from the root and dried in bundles under a canopy.
Application. The people used the method for a long time. Roots are included in the domestic pharmacopoeia of the 8-9th editions. Official in China, Japan. Used in homeopathy.
A decoction of the roots is used for acute and chronic diseases of the respiratory tract, with bronchitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis, bronchopneumonia, abscesses of the lungs, bronchial asthma, cough.
Infusions and decoctions of the aerial parts are used for cystitis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, rheumatism, kidney disease, diarrhea; outwardly - with tumors, abscesses, bruises, furuncles, snake bites and poisonous insects, as a healing wound.
In the experiment, the preparations of the source promote the release and dilution of sputum, increase the tone of the intestinal smooth muscles, have a slimy effect, increase the activity of the salivary glands, and reflexively stimulate the cough center.
In Tibetan medicine is used for gastrointestinal diseases; in Chinese - as an antispasmodic, choleretic, fortifying, tonic, promoting longevity, a means for hypertension, heart neurosis, diabetes, nephritis; It is part of complex recipes for vegetative neurosis, insomnia, atherosclerosis, anemia, breast carcinoma and other forms of cancer, Hodgkin's lymphoma; in China and Japan - with impotence, memory loss, as a sedative, anticonvulsant, tonic and antifebrile.
The plant is recommended for cultivation, it is very valuable for medicine and can be used in the production of tonic and medicinal drinks.
- For an infusion, take 20 g of grass, pour 200 ml of boiling water over it, infuse in a boiling bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter, bring to the required volume. Apply 1/3 cup 3 times a day.
- For broth, 15 g of roots are poured with boiling water, insisted for 30 minutes, cooled for 10 minutes. Take 2 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times a day after meals.