Schizandra chinensis (Turcz.) Baill.
Botanical characteristics. Magnoliaceae family. Perennial winding vine 10–15 m high with branching thick stem and brown smooth bark. It has a powerful rhizome with roots extending from it. Leaves alternate, petiolate, obovate, fleshy. White-pink flowers, beautiful and fragrant, collected in several pieces on long stalks. It blooms in May – June. Fruits - spherical red berries, ripen in August and September.
Spread. It grows in the Far East, on Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands on the edges of mixed forests, along the banks of reservoirs. Grown for medical purposes. As an ornamental plant found in parks, gardens of the European territory of our country.
Used plant parts.
Fruits, stems, roots.
The seeds of the plant contain fatty (26.9%) and essential (1.6%) oils, schizandrin (0.12%), schizandrol and glycerides of linolenic and oleic acids. The biological activity of Schizandra, apparently, is due to schizandrin and schizandrol.
Lemongrass stimulates heart activity and breathing, tones the central nervous system, is a good aphrodisiac for mental and physical fatigue, as well as impotence. Lemongrass preparations increase the sensitivity of peripheral and central vision.
Lemongrass helps with any acute and chronic diseases involving an asthenic condition: in diseases of the respiratory tract, in diseases of the stomach and intestines, kidneys, liver, blood diseases, etc.
The dose is selected individually. The inhabitants of the Far East chew lemongrass berries and brew them as tea.
Pharmaceutical preparations: lemongrass tincture (10–30 drops 2-3 times a day with water before meals), powders from the fruits of schizandra (0.5 g 2 times a day), tablets from the fruits of schisandra (1 tablet 1-2 times a day).