starfish average (woodlouse) - stellaria media l.
Family Cloves - Cariophyllaceae
Botanical characteristics. Annual herbaceous plant. Taproot, branched. Stem is recumbent or ascending, branching, thin, covered between nodes with sparse curly hairs. Leaves ovate, pointed, at the base with cilia, lower - petiolate, upper - sessile. The fruit is an elongated multi-seeded box. Seeds rounded-reniform, dark brown. It blooms from April to September, bears fruit until late autumn.
Spread. Distributed everywhere. It grows in the fields, gardens, on wetlands.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw material is the whole plant. It is pulled out with a root and dried in dryers at a temperature not higher than 50 ° C. With prolonged drying, the raw materials lose their healing properties.
Chemical composition. All parts of sprocket contain triterpenic saponins, alkaloids, flavonoids (vitexin, saponaretin) and their derivatives: vitamins, mainly C, E, K: higher aliphatic alcohols (melissa), wax (cerilcerorate), lipids.
Application. People have long used boaths in the form of decoctions and infusions to relieve pain in the abdomen, increase the amount of milk in nursing mothers, to cleanse the lungs, with rheumatism, for baths in which they bathed nervous children, with convulsive seizures; compresses from the grass were treated with hemorrhoidal bumps and various tumors, fresh juice was filled with wounds, ulcers, burns.
Zvezdchatka enjoys great popularity among residents of the Far East. Some recipes for plant use by indigenous peoples of the Amur region are identical to those used by the North American Indians. Interest in this plant has recently increased. Its drugs are effective in edema of various etiologies. Infusion and fresh juice is used in diseases of the liver, kidneys, heart, as a mild laxative, with diathesis. Nanai people use wood insects for edema of the legs and for treating rashes. In European countries - with tumors of different localization.
In the experiment, the extract of the herb star medium has a weak hypotensive, positively inotropic and pronounced coronary-expanding property.
Fresh juice is an effective treatment for various rashes, non-healing wounds and ulcers, as well as frostbite and burns. It is used inside of 20-30 ml per reception 2-3 times a day before meals and externally in the form of lotions and washings.
To get an infusion, take 20 g of grass, pour 200 ml of boiling water over it, insist on a water bath for 15 minutes, cool it for 45 minutes, filter it. Take should be 1/3 cup 3 times a day, regardless of the reception write.
For broth, take 20 g of the aerial part and roots, more often their mixtures, pour 180 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes, filter. Take 30-60 ml 3-4 times a day. This decoction can be used for external use.
For baths : 500 g of grass is poured over 1 liter of boiling water, insisted on a water bath for 10 minutes or boiled for 5-7 minutes, filtered and placed in a half-filled bath. The duration of the bath is 15-20 minutes at a temperature of 35-40 ° C.