asterisk medium (wood louse) - stellaria media l.
Carnation Family - Cariophyllaceae
Botanical characteristic. An annual herbaceous plant. The root is branched. The stalk is lying or rising, branched, thin, between nodes covered with sparse curly hairs. The leaves are ovate, pointed, at the base with cilia, lower ones are petiolate, upper ones are sessile. The fruit is an elongated multi-seeded box. Seeds are rounded kidney-shaped, dark brown. It blooms from April to September, bears fruit until late autumn.
Spread. Distributed everywhere. It grows in fields, gardens, on moist soils.
Used parts of the plant. Medicinal raw material is the whole plant. It is pulled out with the root and dried in dryers at a temperature not exceeding 50 ° C. With prolonged drying, the raw material loses its healing properties.
Chemical composition. All parts of the starfish contain triterpene saponins, alkaloids, flavonoids (vitexin, saponaretin) and their derivatives: vitamins, mainly C, E, K: higher aliphatic alcohols (lemon balm), wax (ceryl cerorate), lipids.
Application. Since ancient times, people have used wood lice in the form of decoctions and infusions to relieve abdominal pain, increase the amount of milk in nursing mothers, to cleanse the lungs, with rheumatism, for baths in which nervous children were bathed, with convulsive seizures; Herb compresses were used to treat hemorrhoid cones and various tumors, and wounds, ulcers, burns were poured with fresh juice.
The starfish is very popular among residents of the Far East. Some recipes for using the plant by the indigenous peoples of the Amur region are identical to the recipes used by the North American Indians. Interest in this plant has been growing recently. Its preparations are an effective remedy for edema of various etiologies. Infusion and fresh juice are used for diseases of the liver, kidneys, heart, as a laxative, with diathesis. In Nanais, wood lice are used for swelling of the legs, for the treatment of rashes. In European countries, with tumors of various localization.
In the experiment, the extract of medium stellate herb has a weak hypotensive, positively inotropic and pronounced coronary-expanding property.
Fresh juice is an effective treatment for various rashes, non-healing wounds and ulcers, as well as for frostbite and burns. It is used orally at a dose of 20-30 ml 2-3 times a day before meals and externally in the form of lotions and washes.
To get the infusion, take 20 g of grass, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a water bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take should be 1/3 cup 3 times a day, regardless of the reception write.
For the broth, take 20 g of the aerial parts and roots, most often their mixture, pour 180 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes, filter. Take 30-60 ml 3-4 times a day. Such a decoction can also be used for external use.
For baths : 500 g of grass is poured into 1 liter of boiling water, insisted on a water bath for 10 minutes or boiled for 5-7 minutes, filtered and placed in a half-filled bath. The duration of the bath is 15-20 minutes at a temperature of 35-40 ° C.