small basil - thalictrum minus l.
Buttercup family - Ranunculaceae
Botanical characteristics. Perennial herbaceous plant. It grows in meadows, forest glades, in the floodplains of rivers, among shrubs.
Root system in the form of a shortened rhizome with adventitious roots. The stem is straight or curved, smooth, evenly leafy, up to 150 cm tall. The leaves are alternate, lower trifoliate, middle multihyper, petiolate, upper smaller, sessile. Plate leaves rounded, three-lobed at the top. Flowers are collected in a loose spreading or drooping whisk. The corolla is green, the stamens are yellowish. Fruit - oblong-ovoid, ribbed-rough, gray-green nutlet. It flowers in June - July, bears fruit in July - August.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are the roots and the aerial parts of the plant, collected in the usual way. Dried in the shade.
Chemical composition. In grass rue small contains alkaloids (talikmin, talikminin, talmidin, talmetin, talmin, magnoflorin, glaucine, berberine, taliktrimin, talikarpin, talflavidin, agremonin), tannins, saponins, flavonoids, coumarins, organic acids, vitamins, preferably ascorbic acid; higher aliphatic hydrocarbons; higher fatty acids (thalictic, ranuncular, linoleic). Fatty oil is found in the fruit.
Application. In folk medicine, infusions and decoctions of the aerial parts are used for colds, diseases of the digestive system, nervous disorders, epilepsy, malaria, women's diseases, jaundice, pulmonary tuberculosis, as a laxative and diuretic; outwardly - in gynecology; in the form of lotions and baths - with boils and bruises, as an astringent and wound-healing.
In Tibetan medicine, the watch is used in acute and chronic diseases; in Mongolian - with dropsy, diarrhea, measles, smallpox, typhoid, diphtheria, anthrax, as tonic after diseases: in the Far East - with gangrene, syphilis, scrofula, pain in the stomach, jaundice, and female diseases. In the medicine of the peoples of many countries, preparations of the roots, fruits and the aerial parts of the plant are used for various infectious diseases, venereal diseases; outwardly - as antibacterial. The aerial part is part of the Zdrenko recipe used for the treatment of cancer, biliary bladder papillomatosis and anacid gastritis.
In the experiment, the alkaloids contained in the plant, increase the heart rate, lower blood pressure. The amount of glycosides has contraceptive properties. Herbal preparations have an antibacterial effect.
Young leaves and shoots are used in food as a seasoning for dishes.
- To get the infusion, take 20 g of the above-ground part, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on the bath for 15 minutes, cool it for 45 minutes, filter. Take 2 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times a day after meals.
- For broth, 15 g of roots pour 180 ml of boiling water, insist on a bath for 30 minutes, cool for 10 minutes, filter. Take 2 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day after meals.