common thyme (creeping thyme) - thymus serpyllum
Other names: creeping thyme, Bogorodskaya grass, matter, thyme ordinary
Botanical characteristics. A short half-shrub with a thin stem, creeping, rooted, ending with a lying fruitless branch up to 15 cm in height. The flowering branches are roundish, erect, more or less evenly pubescent, hairy under inflorescence. The leaves are opposite, short-petiolate, elliptical or oblong-elliptical, whole-red, apical leaves are rhombic-elliptical. The flowers are irregular, pink or lilac-pink, bisexual or female, are collected in the axils of the upper leaves in bunches, on the branches of the twigs. The halo of the flower is double-lipped, the lower lip is deeply cut into three lobes. The fruit is dry, dark brown. Thyme blooms from spring to autumn, has a strong honey peculiar smell.
Spread. It grows predominantly in dry coniferous and mixed forests, in glades, in clearings, among shrubs, along roads, along slopes of ditches, and on pastures.
Used plant parts. For medicinal purposes mainly use the herb thyme ordinary. Harvest during the flowering period of the plant, carefully cutting and not pulling out so as not to damage the root.
Dried in the shade or in attics, in the dryer.
Chemical composition. The grass of the plant contains essential oils (0.5-1.5%), sorts, gum, tannic, bitter, anthocyanic substances, resins, flavonoids, organic acids (malic, ursolic, omanolic), mineral salts. In the composition of the essential oil to 30% thymol, 20% carvacrol, as well as borneol, cymoterpineol.
The plant is used in folk and official medicine. It has an immunostimulating effect, analgesic and diaphoretic, diuretic, depurative, metabolic-regulating effects, as a result of which it is widely used as a self-administered therapeutic agent or in combination with other plants.
The infusion of the herb thyme ordinary has a calming effect on the function of the central nervous system, activates the secretion of gastric juice, the pancreas, stimulates the appetite, acts sugar-lowering.
In folk medicine, the infusion of herbs is taken for tracheitis, bronchitis, whooping cough, for colds and inflammatory diseases of the stomach and intestines, for diarrhea and colic, bloating, diseases of the nervous system, diseases of the joints.
Compresses and poultices from grass are made with articular rheumatism, traumatic and diabetic polyneuritis, paralysis.
Thyme preparations are effective for bedwetting, insomnia, overwork, vitamin C deficiency, radiculitis, polyneuritis.
Herbal tincture is used for anemia, hormonal tachycardia, hypertension, uterine bleeding, inflammatory processes in the genital organs.
A decoction of herbs used externally for pustular skin diseases, burns, eczema, fungal infections, allergies, boils. Dry powder powders wounds and weeping eczema.
- Infusion of thyme grass: 1 tbsp. l dry crushed raw material is poured with 1 cup of boiling water and infused for 30 minutes, filtered. Take 2 tbsp. l from 1 tsp. honey with a cold 3 times a day after meals.
- Broth thyme creeping: 2 tbsp. l crushed dry grass is poured with 1 glass of water and boiled for 1 min, and then infused for 1 hour in a warm place, filtered. Take 0.5 cups 3 times a day after meals with diabetes, allergies, furunculosis.
- Infusion of thyme ordinary and blueberry shoots: 1 tbsp. l mixtures of herbs, taken equally, pour 1 cup boiling water and infuse for 30 minutes, filter. Drink in two doses after a meal for colds, diabetes, hypertension, anemia, inflammatory processes.
- Broth thyme ordinary for baths: 200 g of dry powdered raw materials pour 2 liters of water and infuse in a warm place for 2 hours, filter. Take a bath with a decoction for 12 - 14 minutes with allergies, eczema, boils. On the course - 12 baths every other day.
Contraindications. It should be noted that contraindications to the use of creeping thyme preparations are gastric ulcer, liver disease, kidney disease, and pregnancy.
Use in food of thyme ordinary
Common Thyme (Creeping Thyme) is a valuable food plant. It is used when cooking salads, as a seasoning for meat and fish dishes. Add it to pickles, sausages, sauces, to game, brewed as tea.
Cut cucumbers, tomatoes, onions and season with sour cream and salt. Thyme flowers are finely chopped and sprinkled with lettuce.
- Cucumbers - 100 g,
- tomatoes - 50 g,
- onion - 10 g,
- thyme - 5 g,
- sour cream - 20 g,
- salt to taste.
1 tsp crushed thyme flowers pour 1 cup boiling water and infuse for 5 minutes. Drink with honey.
Tea of cumin and thyme ordinary
Dried cumin seeds and thyme flowers are ground to powder, 1 tsp. mixtures of plants pour a glass of boiling water and insist 5 minutes. Drink with honey.