meadow clover (red) - trifolium pratense l.
Legumes - Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
Botanical characteristic. Perennial herbaceous plant. The root is rod, branched. The main stem is shortened. Flowering shoots come out from the axils of the basal leaves. The leaves are triple, leaflets of lower leaves are ovate, finely serrated, upper oblong, almost whole, sessile. The flowers are dark pink in capitate inflorescences. The fruit is a bean. It blooms from May to October, bears fruit until late autumn.
Spread. Grows in forest edges, meadows, on slopes, in crops as weed.
Used parts of the plant. Medicinal raw materials are the aboveground part, inflorescences, leaves, less often the roots collected in the usual way.
The aboveground part and leaves contain carbohydrates (soluble sugars, their isomers and derivatives, starch), vitamins (K, E, B groups, carotene, folic and folic acids), tannins, flavonoids (flavonols and isoflavones), pterocatpans, quinones, steroids , saponins, waxes, lipids, sterols and their esters, coumarins, cumestrols.
Chemical composition. The flowers contain aromatic, phenolic and nitrogen-containing compounds, essential oil, phenol carboxylic acids: salicylic, coumaric; tannins, flavonoids: iso-ramnetin, trifolin, pectolinarin, biochanin, pratol, derivatives of quercetin and kempferol; anthocyanins, higher aliphatic hydrocarbons and alcohols, higher fatty acids.
Application. In folk medicine, clover has long been used in the form of tea, infusions and decoctions for exhaustion and anemia, as well as a diuretic and diaphoretic. Fresh inflorescences are used as food. A decoction of the roots - with a hernia, inflammation of the appendages, as an antitumor agent. Decoctions of flowers and leaves are used for dizziness, headache, as anti-sclerotic, for rickets, as astringent, antiseptic, for asthenia, anemia, shortness of breath, asthma, as anticarcinogenic, for renal colic, pyelonephritis, diseases of the upper respiratory tract, whooping cough, hypertension, diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tract, hemorrhoidal and uterine bleeding, heavy menstruation, malignant tumors, pulmonary tuberculosis.
In the experiment, preparations of meadow clover exhibit bactericidal activity. The complex of biologically active compounds helps to lower blood cholesterol, normalizes fat metabolism, has a strengthening effect on the walls of blood vessels and capillaries, helps to increase their elasticity and reduce permeability; protects cells from the damaging effects of free radicals that are formed in an excess amount in a weakened body; It has a beneficial effect on the body with diseases associated with atherosclerosis, while there is a decrease in tinnitus, intracranial and arterial pressure decreases, dizziness disappears, and hearing improves.
The clover preparation “Ateroklefit” is recommended for improving the state of the cardiovascular system, in case of impaired metabolism of fats and cholesterol.
In the UK and the USA, a decoction of inflorescences and in the form of plasters, compresses, poultices is used for malignant tumors.
In Czechoslovakia - is part of the chest and stomach fees.
In the Caucasus, the infusion of the aerial parts is done with gynecological diseases, with gout and poisoning; fresh juice - with scrofulosis, as a wound healing.
Decoctions and infusions of the roots and flowers of clover are used in the form of rinses for inflammatory diseases of the oral mucosa, gingivitis, tonsillitis; in the form of lotions - with abscesses, eye diseases; in the form of douching - in gynecology. Fresh leaves are used for panaritium.
Young plants have found application in cooking; fodder for animals, honey plant.
- To obtain the infusion, take 20 g of leaves and flowers, pour 200 ml of boiling water, insist on a boiling water bath for 15 minutes, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take 1/3 cup 2-3 times a day, regardless of food intake.
- Finished preparations are used according to the instructions for the preparations.
In homeopathy, Trifolium 3x, 3 is used for neurocirculatory dystonia and respiratory diseases with a convulsive suffocating paroxysmal cough at night and hoarseness.