Meadow clover (red) - trifolium pratense l.
Family Bean - Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
Botanical characteristics. Perennial herbaceous plant. Taproot, branchy. The main stem is shortened. Flowering shoots emerge from the sinuses of the basal leaves. The trifoliate leaves, leaflets of the lower leaves are ovate, finely toothed, upper oblong, almost whole, sessile. The flowers are dark pink in capitate inflorescences. Fruit - bean. It blooms from May to October, bears fruit until late autumn.
Spread. It grows on forest edges, meadows, on the slopes, in crops like weeds.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are the aerial parts, inflorescences, leaves, less often the roots, collected in the usual way.
The aerial part and leaves contain carbohydrates (soluble sugars, their isomers and derivatives, starch), vitamins (K, E, B groups, carotene, folic and folinic acids), tannins, flavonoids (flavonols and isoflavones), pterocatpans, quinones, steroids , saponins, waxes, lipids, sterols and their esters, coumarins, coumestrols.
Chemical composition. The flowers contain aromatic, phenolic and nitrogen-containing compounds, essential oil, phenol carbonic acids: salicylic, coumaric; tannins, flavonoids: iso-ramnetin, trifolin, pectolinarine, biochanin, pratol, quercetin derivatives and kaempferol; anthocyanins, higher aliphatic hydrocarbons and alcohols, higher fatty acids.
Application. In folk medicine, clover has long been used in the form of tea, infusions and decoctions for exhaustion and anemia, as well as a diuretic and diaphoretic. Fresh inflorescences are used in food. Broth roots - with hernia, inflammation of the appendages, as an antitumor agent. Broths of flowers and leaves are used for dizziness, headache, as antisclerotic, with rickets, as astringent, antiseptic, for asthenia, anemia, shortness of breath, bronchial asthma, as anti-carcinogenic, for renal colic, pyelonephritis, diseases of the upper respiratory tract, whooping cough, hypertension, diseases of the gallbladder and biliary tract, hemorrhoidal and uterine bleeding, heavy menstruation, malignant tumors, pulmonary tuberculosis.
In the experiment, meadow clover preparations show bactericidal activity. The complex of biologically active compounds helps to reduce cholesterol in the blood, normalizes fat metabolism, has a strengthening effect on the walls of blood vessels and capillaries, improves their elasticity and reduces permeability; protects cells from the damaging effects of free radicals that form in a weakened body in an excess amount; It has a beneficial effect on the body with diseases associated with atherosclerosis, while there is a decrease in tinnitus, intracranial and arterial pressure is reduced, dizziness disappears, and hearing improves.
The drug clover "Ateroclefit" is recommended to improve the cardiovascular system, in violation of the metabolism of fats and cholesterol.
In the UK and the USA, a decoction of inflorescences and in the form of patches, compresses, poultices is used for malignant tumors.
In Czechoslovakia - is part of the chest and stomach fees.
In the Caucasus, the infusion of the aerial part is done for gynecological diseases, for gout and poisoning; fresh juice - with scrofula, as a wound healing.
Broths and infusions of roots and flowers of clover are used in the form of rinsing in inflammatory diseases of the oral mucosa, gingivitis, sore throat; in the form of lotions - with abscesses, eye diseases; in the form of douching - in gynecology. Fresh leaves are applied with felds.
Young plants have been used in cooking; feed for animals, honey plant.
- To get the infusion, take 20 g of leaves and flowers, pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 15 minutes in a boiling water bath, cool for 45 minutes, filter. Take 1/3 cup 2-3 times a day, regardless of the meal.
- Finished drugs are used according to the instructions for the drugs.
In homeopathy, Trifolium 3x, 3 is used for neurocirculatory dystonia and respiratory diseases with a convulsive, suffocating paroxysmal cough at night and hoarseness.