mullein skippered (high)
Verbascum thapsiforme Schrad.
Family eatery. A biennial plant up to 2 m high. The stem is straight, single, covered with light gray or light yellow pubescence. The leaves are opposite, serrated along the edge, pointed at the apex and arranged spirally. Yellow flowers at the top of the stem form a dense spike inflorescence. It blooms from June to September. Fruits - egg-shaped boxes - ripen in August-September.
In the first year, the plant forms a rosette of leaves, blossoms and bears fruit - in the second year.
Spread. Grows in the middle and southern strip of the European part of our country, in Western Siberia and in Central Asia. Prefers sandy places - the edges of pine forests, wastelands, slopes, roads. For medical purposes, mullein is bred on plantations.
Used plant parts.
Corollas of flowers.
The flowers contain sugar (up to 11%), mucus, glycosides (saponins), flavonoids, some essential oil, gum, coumarin, coloring agents and aukubin glycoside.
It is caused by expectorant, emollient and enveloping action, which is associated with the saponins and mucus contained in the flowers.
In folk medicine, the infusion of coronet flowers is prescribed for diseases of the bronchi, lungs, and bronchial asthma. It is also recommended for inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and biliary tract.
Infusion of the flowers of the plant is used as an external emollient in the form of compresses and poultices. Flowers alone or mixed with other plants in the form of infusion is used for gargling, for enemas, irrigation and baths in exudative diathesis. Broth wash their hair with baldness and seborrhea.
Cooking 2-3 tablespoons of grass in the evening brew 0.5 liters of boiling water in a thermos. The next day, take the infusion in 3 doses for 20-30 minutes before meals.
In homeopathy, Verbascum 3x, 3, 6 is used in inflammatory diseases of the upper respiratory tract, accompanied by a deaf and hard cough, hoarseness of the voice. It is indicated for facial nerve neuralgia, chronic cystitis and constipation.