Viscum album L.
Botanical characteristics. Belongs to the family of belt-colored. Evergreen semi-parasitic shrub plant, penetrating under the bark and into the wood of the host tree with suckers roots. Stems dense, woody, abundantly branched, with swelling in the nodes. The leaves are opposite, naked, sitting, leathery, dark green. It blooms in March and April. Nondescript greenish-yellow flowers are clustered. The fruit is a white fleshy berry, ripens in August and September.
Spread. Usually found in the southern and southwestern regions of the European part of the country and in the Caucasus. Prefers as the owner fruit and wild deciduous trees, less often - coniferous trees.
Used plant parts.
Leaves, young twigs.
The chemical composition of the plant has not been studied enough. The hypotensive activity of mistletoe is associated with the presence of compounds such as viscerol, viscotoxin, biological amines, acids and alcohols.
It has a hypotensive, sedative nervous system, analgesic, astringent and hemostatic effect.
Mistletoe is used in hypertension and in menopause. Use with heavy menstruation, with uterine bleeding, with gastrointestinal bleeding, hemorrhoids, diarrhea, with chronic diseases of the joints, epileptic seizures.
Infusions of leaves and fruits of mistletoe as an external remedy are used for gout, rheumatism, hemorrhoids, and for douching with white hair and erosions.
Mistletoe in folk medicine is considered an antitumor agent. Currently, mistletoe is used mainly as an antihypertensive agent.
Contraindications. Mistletoe is weak-hearted. It has an abortive effect, therefore it is contraindicated during pregnancy.
For ingestion, an infusion is prepared at the rate of 1 tablespoon of leaves for 2 cups of boiling water (daily dose).
For external use insist 3 tablespoons of mistletoe for 2 cups boiling water.
Viscum album 3x, 3, 9 is used in homeopathy for bronchial asthma, combined with gout, rheumatism and skin rashes; hypertension, gynecological diseases, osteochondrosis, trochaic and epilepsy. Characteristic symptoms: pains are aggravated in bed, in winter, have a pulling character.