Viscum album L.
Botanical characteristic. Belongs to the family of Belts. An evergreen semi-parasitic shrub plant that penetrates under the bark and into the wood of the host tree using sucker roots. The stems are dense, woody, abundantly branching, with swellings in nodes. The leaves are opposite, bare, sitting, leathery, dark green. It blooms in March – April. Nondescript greenish-yellow flowers are grouped in heaps. The fruit is a white fleshy berry, ripens in August – September.
Spread. Usually found in the southern and southwestern regions of the European part of the country and in the Caucasus. Prefers fruit and wild deciduous trees as a host, less often coniferous trees.
Used parts of the plant.
Leaves, young twigs.
The chemical composition of the plant is not well understood. The antihypertensive activity of mistletoe is associated with the presence of compounds such as viscerin, viscotoxin, biological amines, acids and alcohols.
It has a hypotensive, calming nervous system, analgesic, astringent and hemostatic effect.
Mistletoe is used for hypertension and in the menopause. Used for heavy periods, with uterine bleeding, with gastrointestinal bleeding, hemorrhoids, diarrhea, with chronic joint diseases, epileptic seizures.
Infusions of leaves and fruits of mistletoe as an external remedy are used for gout, rheumatism, hemorrhoids and for douching with whiteness and erosion.
Mistletoe in folk medicine is considered an antitumor agent. Currently, mistletoe is mainly used as a hypotensive agent.
Contraindications Mistletoe is weakly poisonous. It has an abortive effect, therefore it is contraindicated during pregnancy.
For oral administration, an infusion is prepared at the rate of 1 tablespoon of leaves for 2 cups boiling water (daily dose).
For external use, insist 3 tablespoons of mistletoe in 2 cups boiling water.
In homeopathy, Viscum album 3x, 3, 9 is used for bronchial asthma, combined with gout, rheumatism and skin rashes; arterial hypertension, gynecological diseases, osteochondrosis, chorea and epilepsy. Characteristic symptoms: pain intensifies in bed, in winter, have a pulling character.