Vitex sacred (Abraham tree) - vitex agnus-castus l.
Verbenaceae family - Verbenaceae
Botanical characteristics. A shrub or small tree that grows wild on the banks of reservoirs, mountain slopes, in river valleys in groups or in small thickets. Both ornamental and melliferous plants are grown in culture.
The leaves are opposite palmaterasnye with 3-7 leaves, without stipules. Flowers with five-membered perianth, rolling into the tube. The calyx is fast-leaved, has a tubular form with underdeveloped five teeth. Four stamens, high protruding above the corolla. The color of the corolla is pale blue. The flowers are collected in a dense inflorescence. It flowers in May - June, bears fruit in July - August. Fruit - drupe, edible.
Used plant parts. Medicinal raw materials are leaves, flowers, fruits, branches, less often bark. Raw materials are collected in the usual way: flowers during flowering, branches and leaves during the entire growing season of the plant, bark in spring or autumn, fruits - as they mature. Dry the raw materials in the air, the fruits - in dryers at a temperature not higher than 40 ° C.
Chemical composition. All parts of the plant contain iridoids: agnoside; flavonoids: aukubin; alkaloids, tannins, vitamins, microelements, essential oil.
The fruit contains fatty oil, it contains organic acids: formic, acetic, propionic, butyric, valeric, capronic.
Application. Fresh sap of a flowering plant is used in homeopathy, mainly in case of impotence, depression, nervous diseases, when breastfeeding of babies is stopped.
Broth branches and fruits - with gonorrhea; in Italy - as a contraceptive. Flowers in Central Asia and the Caucasus - with various skin diseases.
In the experiment, the tincture of the fruit increases the function of the sex glands. Infusion of flowers and leaves has a lactogenic effect and exhibits antibacterial activity.
In folk medicine, diseases of the liver, spleen, infertility, mastopathy, myoma in women, impotence in men, and malaria have long been treated with decoction and tincture of fruits, leaves and bark.
The fruit is used as a spice, pepper substitute.
- For an infusion, 20 g of leaves and flowers are taken, 200 ml of boiling water is poured, insisted on a water bath for 15 minutes, cooled for 45 minutes without removing from the bath, filtered. Take 1/3 cup 2-3 times daily before meals.
- For broth, 15 g of crushed fruits or bark pour 200 ml of boiling water, leave for 30 minutes in a boiling water bath, cool for 10 minutes, filter. Take 2 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times daily before meals.
- To obtain infusions from fruits or bark, take crushed raw materials, pour 70% alcohol at the rate of 1: 5, insist 15 days. Accept on 30-40 drops on reception, gradually increasing to 50-60 drops, before food 2 times a day.