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What can urine tell about?

О чем говорит цвет мочи?

Urine can tell a lot about the health of the body, if only you pay attention to its color and texture.

Urine consists of toxins, waste, and excess fluid filtered by the kidneys. Moreover, for hundreds of years this fluid has been studied and used as a key to understanding what is happening in the body.

And all because practically all substances that enter the body are ultimately excreted in the urine.

Colorless and transparent (ultrapure)

You drink too much fluid and you probably have hyperhydration. It's time to reduce the amount of fluid you drink.

Colors of straw

Everything is fine!

Dark yellow
You need to drink some liquid. You are dehydrated.
Bright yellow

An overdose of water-soluble vitamins is possible.


This color is possible after taking certain medications or with dehydration.

Cloudy or whitish

It can be both a manifestation of the norm and, if it hurts, the first symptom of a urinary tract infection or kidney stones. Consult a doctor for advice.

Dark brown but transparent

Most likely, this is a sign of liver disease (especially in combination with symptoms such as pale light stools and icteric complexion). Consult a doctor for advice.

Pink or reddish

This color can give blood present in the urine. But this may not mean anything (you just ate a lot of beets, blueberries or rhubarb on the eve) or be a symptom of kidney stones or even cancer. In any case, consult a doctor.

Coca-Cola color

A similar color can give blood released from a tumor or due to kidney stones, as well as a frozen blood clot in the kidneys.

Blue or green

Some drugs and food colorings can stain urine like this. Another reason may be a urinary tract infection. Consult a doctor for advice.

Dark violet
Such an eerie color can be a sign of kidney failure (unless, of course, you did not eat anything purple). Consult a doctor immediately.

When a doctor is urgently needed

  • if the color change lasts longer than a couple of days;
  • if the uncharacteristic color of the urine remains unchanged;
  • if you see blood in the urine.

Questions Your Doctor Will Ask

  • When did it start?
  • What color is urine? (this article may come in handy)
  • Was the same color maintained throughout the day?
  • Have you started taking any new medicines?
  • What other symptoms do you have?

Although an unusual color of urine may be the first wake-up call, this does not always mean that you have a serious illness. There are many reasons for changing the color of urine, and most often the “culprit” is something harmless - food or medicine. Do not panic if you see all the colors of the rainbow in your urine. Consult a physician before passing out.