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Great post in questions and answers + Lenten calendar

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Peter Brueghel Sr. "The Battle of Carnival and Lent." 1559. Museum of the History of Art, Vienna

Great Lent (Greek Μεγάλη Τεσσαρακοστή — Great Great Pentecost) is the central post in all historical churches, the purpose of which is to prepare the Christian for the celebration of Easter; the corresponding period of the liturgical year, marked in worship by the prayers of repentance and the remembrance of the death of the cross and the resurrection of Jesus Christ. It is established in memory of the fact that Christ fasted in the wilderness for forty days. The duration of Lent is somehow connected with the number 40, however, its actual duration depends on the rules of calculation adopted in this particular denomination.

  • Why is the first Monday of Lent called Pure?
  • What do we refuse during the days of Lent?
  • What foods are allowed during fasting?
  • How to cook lean dishes?
  • Is it possible to do fitness during fasting?
  • Is it possible to visit beauty salons in a post
  • What to do if medically necessary to eat a non-fasting product?
  • Do I need to refrain from sex?
  • Who do the confessors allow the soft form of fasting?
  • Does the child need to fast?
  • Lenten Calendar 2010
  • 10 main foods during Lent

Why is the first Monday of Lent called Pure?

From February 15, Orthodox Christians begin spiritual preparation for the meeting of the great feast of the Holy Christ Resurrection: Great Lent lasts 48 days before Easter.

Unlike the Western tradition, when Catholics took office, dusting their heads with ash, and repented of their sins, wallowing in road dust, the Slavs went to the bathhouse on the first day of fasting, put on clean clothes and cleaned the house. On this day, according to strict monastery rules, they refused food, only tasting prosphora with water.

What do we refuse during the days of Lent?

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According to the church charter, during Great Lent, it is forbidden to eat animal products - meat, milk, eggs, fish. In addition, from Monday to Friday, if there is no holiday on these days, vegetable oil is not used. The first day of fasting - Clean Monday (February 15) - and the penultimate - Great Heel (Good Friday, which is April 2 in 2010) - is recommended to be carried out without food. Dry eating is recommended on the second day of fasting: bread, raw vegetables and fruits - once a day, in the evening.

Many focus only on the gastronomic side of fasting, perceiving it as a diet and a way to remove toxins from the body. Much more important is the spiritual side. The church allows for milder forms of fasting, it is important that a person is cleansed not only by the body, but also by the soul. In the days of Lent, you should limit yourself to entertainment, focusing on good thoughts, prayers and merciful deeds.

What foods are allowed during fasting?

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During Lent, you can eat: vegetables (carrots, beets, eggplant, zucchini, peppers, all kinds of cabbage), potatoes, greens, mushrooms, soy products, fruits, dried fruits, nuts, candied fruits, seeds, herbs, honey, kvass, juices, sweet and mineral waters, jams, pickles and marinades, cereals, legumes, beans, peas, lentils, corn, pasta, bread and lean pancakes (without eggs and milk), caramel, lean gingerbread, crackers, gingerbread , oatmeal cookies and crackers, seafood (shrimp, squid, mussels, etc.).

During fasting days it is necessary to limit yourself to these pleasures, including food. If you want to cook shrimp, squid or oysters as a delicacy, then it is better to refrain from such dishes. If on the appointed (fish) days you eat seafood in order to gain strength for doing good deeds, then such a menu is not forbidden. After all, fasting is not for the stomach, but for the soul. The main thing is what you have in mind.

Fish is allowed only two times - on the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (April 7) and Palm Sunday (March 28). Caviar is allowed on Lazarev Saturday (March 27), and on the other Saturdays and Sundays of Lent, the Great Four (Holy Thursday, this year it falls on April 1) and on the days of some especially venerated saints (for example, forty Sebastian martyrs - March 22, St. Gregory Dvoeslov - March 25) it is allowed to add vegetable oil to dishes.

How to cook lean dishes?

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On days when dry eating is provided for fasting, salads should be prepared from raw vegetables, sauerkraut and pickles, which are not seasoned with oil, but with various salad dressings based on vinegar or lemon juice. You can also add nuts and raisins. Fruit salads can be seasoned with honey.

On the remaining days of fasting, vegetable food can be boiled or stewed, steamed or grilled. You can cook vegetable soups by adding cereals - rice, barley. A very important component of a lean table is porridge cooked on water.

Lent eliminates any abuse - spices, spicy, salty, sour, sweet, fried foods. Therefore, it is better to cook in a double boiler, fry vegetables or potato pancakes on a grill or Teflon pan, but it is better to forget about the deep fryer for the time of fasting.

Is it possible to do fitness during fasting?

A very topical issue for a modern person who would not have occurred to our ancestors. The church says: it is possible. After all, classes in active exercises and a healthy lifestyle today are also a kind of post. When doing fitness, you impose certain restrictions on yourself.

Is it possible to visit beauty salons in a post

Maintaining physical beauty is also necessary, as well as spiritual. You can visit the hairdresser and cut your hair to maintain a neat appearance. But I still have to give up other cosmetic procedures so that idle thoughts do not interfere with spiritual cleansing.

What to do if medically necessary to eat a non-fasting product?

If, for the diagnosis of a disease, the doctor suggests pre-eating a non-post-food product (for example, an egg), one should not refuse examination due to fasting. Treat this food as a necessary medicine.

Do I need to refrain from sex?

Performing marital duties is not prohibited during fasting days. But the Church recalls that loving spouses must find time for prayers.

Who do the confessors allow the soft form of fasting?

In fasting, it is important to observe moderation, evenness in order to avoid excessive overeating and hunger. Fasting should be strictly individual, because everyone has different forces.

The church eases the burdens of fasting for pregnant women, the sick, the elderly, and people who are working hard. Fasting must be measured with strength. Those who for the first time decided to keep the fast, it is better to maintain its soft form, refraining from meat food and allowing simple dishes from fermented milk products, eggs and fish to the diet. And also give up alcohol.

Does the child need to fast?

If you want to raise your children in Orthodox traditions, then they should, like adult family members, refrain from tasty and enjoyable. But this does not mean that young children should be planted on bread and water.

Strict lean discipline can push a child away from faith; a simple rejection of meat will entail a formal attitude to fasting. It is important to teach him to rule over his desires. Fasting for a child is a voluntary rejection of what you most want: sweets, ice cream, cakes and other sweets. When giving dairy products to the baby, replace yoghurts and glazed curds with plain yogurt and low-fat cottage cheese; instead of carbonated drinks, offer juices or fruit drinks.

Fasting for a child is also a rejection of the usual entertainments: TV and computer toys. This time is better spent on reading or educational games with your family.

Lent 2017 calendar by day

Great Lent
Lent 2017 calendar by day

Lenten calendar 2017

Periods Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
Great Lent
from February 26 to April 16
xerophagy hot without oil xerophagy hot without oil xerophagy hot with butter hot with butter
Spring carnivore fish fish
Petrov Post
from June 12 to July 11
hot without oil fish xerophagy fish xerophagy fish fish
Summer meat eater xerophagy xerophagy
Assumption Post
from August 14 to August 27
xerophagy hot without oil xerophagy hot without oil xerophagy hot with butter hot with butter
Autumn Carnivore xerophagy xerophagy
Christmas post from November 28, 2017 to January 6, 2018 until December 19 hot without oil fish xerophagy fish xerophagy fish fish
December 20 - January 1 hot without oil hot with butter xerophagy hot with butter xerophagy fish fish
January 2-6 xerophagy hot without oil xerophagy hot without oil xerophagy hot with butter hot with butter
Winter carnivore fish fish
Great Lent
Lent 2017 calendar

10 main foods during Lent

In the days of Lent, the question of how to eat properly at this time in order to maintain health and vitality remains relevant. What foods are more likely than others to be on your desk during fasting days?

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1. Porridge

Boiled cereals on water can, along with vegetable soups, become main dishes of a lean table. Not only can porridges be saturated, but they are also useful. Oatmeal is rich in vitamin E, calcium and phosphorus, buckwheat replenishes our body's reserves with iron, vitamins (especially B and P), and various trace elements. Barley and pearl barley porridge regulate the metabolism, have expectorant, enveloping, anti-inflammatory and restorative properties, and rice and millet remove salts from the body.

2. Homemade pickles and preparations

From ancient times, housewives put on a table every day homemade preserves: pickles, sauerkraut, pickles - everything that was cooked in the summer. The only possible danger of eating these dishes is a lot of salt and vinegar in many marinades, so they should be used with caution for those who have stomach problems.

3. Fresh fruits

The source of vitamins and energy is fresh fruits. In winter and spring there are not so many of them, however, during Lent you can afford to eat apples daily, and periodically please yourself with more exotic fruits - oranges, tangerines, kiwi, bananas, grapes, pears. Besides the fact that the fruits are tasty, they are also very healthy. Fresh fruits improve the functioning of the stomach, remove fats, carcinogens, allergens from the body, reduce high cholesterol in the blood, and also reduce the risk of malignant tumors.

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4. Potatoes

It’s hard to imagine a table of a Belarusian without potatoes. And with regard to the post, this is not worth doing. From ordinary potatoes, you can come up with so many dishes that every day of fasting (except for those in which it is necessary to observe the raw food rule), you can please yourself new.

5. Juices

Many vitamins, along with fresh fruits, contain juices. Moreover, contrary to the generally accepted opinion, pasteurized juices are practically inferior in health to freshly squeezed juices. True, people with a gastrointestinal tract should use juices with caution. If you have a juicer at home, you can make juices from almost any fruit, vegetable, or berry.

6. Dried fruits and nuts

Sweet tooth will be able to satisfy their hunger for goodies with the help of nuts and dried fruits. Raisins, dried apricots, prunes, nuts will give a pleasant taste to many lean dishes, and as separate dishes will serve as an indispensable dessert. There is no need to talk about the benefits of dried fruits once again. Valuable trace elements such as calcium, iron, magnesium, as well as fiber and pectin are present in dried fruits in full, this is a real concentrate of nutrients. For example, eating five prunes, figs, dates or dried apricots a day, you will forget about problems with the intestines.

7. Greens

Fresh and dried herbs can improve the taste of any lean dish. Add to this those vitamins that are contained in greens and which the body so lacks in March, and do not forget to buy an “extra” bunch of parsley.

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8. Vegetables

Cabbage, peppers, tomatoes, carrots - these vegetables can be eaten raw and they are a real storehouse of living vitamins. The most useful, according to doctors, are dark green and yellow-red vegetables. Zucchini, beets and other boiled vegetables will fit perfectly into your menu as side dishes, main dishes or salads (for example, vinaigrette).

9. Bread

Coarse bread (not baking) will be saturated with an organism accustomed to abundance. True, it is better to choose dietary varieties of bread. Sometimes coarse bread can be difficult to distinguish, since the presence of sesame seeds and the dark color of the bread itself are not yet required to testify to its “rudeness”. The best way to determine the grinding of bread by eye is to look at its slice. It is believed that the more inclusions in it that differ in color and texture from the main test, the more rough the grinding. It should be noted that rye bread is not recommended for people with high acidity, as it contributes to the appearance of heartburn. In case of frequent heartburn, it is best to choose bread from yeast-free dough, such as pita bread or dietary unleavened bread.

10. Mushrooms

Probably, the main source of proteins of plant origin, along with legumes, are mushrooms. They contain a lot of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, mineral salts. There are enzymes and vitamin C in mushrooms, as well as salts of potassium, magnesium, iron, and in terms of phosphorus content, mushrooms can be equated to fish products.

Great Lent
Lent 2017 infographics

Via internet & wiki