Great post in questions and answers + Lenten calendar
Peter Bruegel Sr. "The Battle of Carnival and Lent." 1559. Museum of Art History, Vienna
Great Lent (Greek Μεγάλη Τεσσαρακοστή —The Great Fourth Century) is the central post in all historical churches, the purpose of which is to prepare a Christian for the celebration of Easter; the corresponding period of the liturgical year, marked in worship with prayers of repentance and the memory of the death of the cross and the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Established in memory of the fact that Christ fasted in the desert forty days. The duration of Lent is somehow connected with the number 40, but the actual duration depends on the rules of calculation adopted in this particular denomination.
- Why is the first Monday of Lent called Clean?
- What are we giving up in the days of Lent?
- What products are allowed during the post
- How to cook lean dishes?
- Is it possible to do fitness while fasting?
- Is it possible to visit beauty salons in the post?
- What should I do if I need to eat a non-bonded product for medical reasons?
- Do I need to abstain from sex?
- Who confessors allow soft form of fasting?
- Do I need to fast a child?
- 2010 Fast Calendar
- 10 main products in the days of Lent
Why is the first Monday of Lent called Clean?
From February 15, Orthodox Christians begin their spiritual preparation for the meeting of the great feast of the radiant resurrection of Christ: 48 days before Easter, the Lent continues.
Unlike the Western tradition, when Catholics entered the post, sprinkling ashes on their heads, and repented of sins, wallowing in road dust, the Slavs went to the bathhouse on the first day of the fast, put on clean clothes and cleaned the house. On this day, according to a strict monastic charter, they refused to eat, eating only a prosphora with water.
What are we giving up in the days of Lent?
According to the church regulations during Lent, the use of animal products such as meat, milk, eggs, fish is prohibited. In addition, from Monday to Friday, if these days do not have any holiday, vegetable oil is not consumed. The first day of fasting - Pure Monday (February 15) - and the penultimate - Great Five (Good Friday, which falls on April 2 in 2010) - is recommended to be held without food. On the second day of fasting, desperation is recommended: bread, raw vegetables and fruits - once a day, in the evening.
Many people put only the gastronomic side of fasting at the forefront, seeing it as a diet and a way to remove slags from the body. Much more important is the spiritual side. The church allows for milder forms of fasting; it is important that a person is purified not only with his body, but also with his soul. In the days of Lent, you should limit yourself to entertainment, focusing on good thoughts, prayers and merciful deeds.
What products are allowed during the post
During Lent, you can eat: vegetables (carrots, beets, eggplants, zucchini, peppers, all kinds of cabbage), potatoes, greens, mushrooms, soy products, fruits, dried fruits, nuts, candied fruits, seeds, greens, honey, kvass, juices, sweet and mineral waters, jams, pickles and marinades, dishes from cereals, legumes, beans, peas, lentils, corn, pasta, bread and lean pancakes (without eggs and milk), caramel, fast gingerbread, crackers, gingerbread , oatmeal cookies and crackers, seafood (shrimp, squid, mussels, etc.).
In the days of fasting, it is necessary to limit yourself to these pleasures, including those in food. If you want to cook shrimp, squid or oyster as a delicacy, it is better to refrain from such dishes. If on the (fish) days you eat seafood to gain strength for the accomplishment of good deeds, then this menu is not forbidden. After all, fasting is not for the stomach, but for the soul. The main thing is what you have in mind.
The fish is allowed only twice - on the Annunciation of the Most Holy Theotokos (April 7) and Palm Sunday (March 28). On Lazarus Saturday (March 27), caviar is allowed, and on the remaining Saturdays and Sundays of the fast, the Great Quartet (Holy Thursday, this year falls on April 1) and on the days of some especially honored saints (for example, the forty Sebastian martyrs - March 22, St. Gregory of Dvoeslov - March 25) it is allowed to add vegetable oil to dishes.
How to cook lean dishes?
On days when dry fasting is provided for, you should prepare salads from raw vegetables, sauerkraut and pickled cucumbers, which are not seasoned with butter, but with various vinegar-based salad dressings or lemon juice. You can also add nuts and raisins. Fruit salads can be filled with honey.
On the remaining days of the fasting, vegetable food can be boiled or stewed, steamed or grilled. You can cook and vegetable soups, adding there cereals - rice, barley. A very important component of the Lenten table - porridge, boiled in water.
Lent eliminates any abuse - spices, spicy, salty, sour, sweet, fried foods. Therefore, it is better to cook in a double boiler, fry vegetables or potato pancakes on a grill or a teflon pan, but it is better to forget about the fryer during fasting.
Is it possible to do fitness while fasting?
A very topical issue for a modern person who would not have come to mind of our ancestors. The church says about this: you can. After all, practicing active exercises and a healthy lifestyle today is also a kind of fasting. Being engaged in fitness, you impose certain restrictions on yourself.
Is it possible to visit beauty salons in the post?
Maintaining the beauty of the body is also necessary, as well as spiritual. You can visit the hairdresser and cut your hair to keep a neat look. But from other cosmetic procedures still refuse, so that idle thoughts do not interfere with spiritual cleansing.
What should I do if I need to eat a non-bonded product for medical reasons?
If the doctor suggests eating a non-sacrificial product (for example, an egg) in order to diagnose any disease, you should not refuse to be examined because of fasting. Treat this food as a necessary medicine.
Do I need to abstain from sex?
To perform marital duties is not prohibited in the days of fasting. But the Church reminds that loving spouses must also find time for prayers.
Who confessors allow soft form of fasting?
In fasting, it is important to observe moderation, evenness, to avoid excessive overeating and hunger. Fasting must be strictly individual, because everyone has different strengths.
The church relieves fasting for pregnant women, the sick, the elderly and people engaged in hard work. Fasting must be measured against the forces. For those who for the first time decided to stick to the fast, it is better to maintain its soft form, refraining from meat food and allowing simple meals from fermented milk products, eggs and fish to the diet. And also give up alcohol.
Do I need to fast a child?
If you want to raise your children in the Orthodox tradition, then they should, like adult family members, refrain from what is tasty and pleasant. But this does not mean that small children should be planted on bread and water.
Strict lean discipline can alienate a child from faith, a simple refusal from meat will entail a formal attitude to fasting. It is important to teach him to rule over their desires. Fasting for a child is a voluntary rejection of what is most desirable: candy, ice cream, cakes and other sweets. When giving dairy products to your child, replace yogurts and glazed curds with plain kefir and low-fat cottage cheese, instead of carbonated drinks, offer juices or fruit drinks.
Fasting for a child is a rejection of the usual entertainment: TV and computer toys. This time is better to spend on reading or educational games with your family.
Great post 2017 calendar by day
Lenten calendar 2017
| Great Post
from February 26 to April 16
|xerophagy||hot oil free||xerophagy||hot oil free||xerophagy||hot buttered||hot buttered|
|Spring meat eater||a fish||a fish|
| Petrov post
from June 12 to July 11
|hot oil free||a fish||xerophagy||a fish||xerophagy||a fish||a fish|
|Summer meat eater||xerophagy||xerophagy|
| Assumption post
August 14 - 27
|xerophagy||hot oil free||xerophagy||hot oil free||xerophagy||hot buttered||hot buttered|
|Autumn meat eater||xerophagy||xerophagy|
|Advent from November 28, 2017 to January 6, 2018||until December 19||hot oil free||a fish||xerophagy||a fish||xerophagy||a fish||a fish|
|December 20 - January 1||hot oil free||hot buttered||xerophagy||hot buttered||xerophagy||a fish||a fish|
|January 2-6||xerophagy||hot oil free||xerophagy||hot oil free||xerophagy||hot buttered||hot buttered|
|Winter meat eater||a fish||a fish|
10 main products in the days of Lent
In the days of Lent, the question of how to eat at this time in order to maintain health and vigor remains relevant. What products are more likely to be on your table in fasting days?
Cooked porridge on water can, along with vegetable soups, become the main dishes of the fasting table. Not only can you get plenty of cereals, they are also useful. Oatmeal is rich in vitamin E, calcium and phosphorus, buckwheat replenishes our body's stores with iron, vitamins (especially B and P), and various microelements. Barley and pearl barley porridges regulate metabolism, have expectorant, enveloping, anti-inflammatory and tonic properties, while rice and millet are removed from the body of salt.
2. Homemade pickles and preparations
Since ancient times, housewives in the post every day put on the table homemade preparations: pickled cucumbers, sauerkraut, pickles, - everything that has been cooked since summer. The only possible danger of using these dishes is a large amount of salt and vinegar in many marinades, so they should be used with caution to those who have stomach problems.
3. Fresh fruit
The source of vitamins and energy is fresh fruit. In winter and spring there are not so many of them, however, even during Lent, one can afford to eat apples daily, and occasionally please yourself with more exotic fruits - oranges, tangerines, kiwi, bananas, grapes, pears. Besides the fact that fruits are tasty, they are also very helpful. Fresh fruit improves the functioning of the stomach, removes fats, carcinogens, allergens from the body, reduces elevated levels of cholesterol in the blood, and in addition, reduces the risk of malignant tumors.
It’s hard to imagine a Belarusian table without potatoes. And in relation to the post to do this and not worth it. You can come up with so many dishes from ordinary potatoes that every day of fasting (except for those in which you must follow the rule of syroedeniya) you can enjoy yourself new.
Many vitamins, along with fresh fruit, contain juices. Moreover, contrary to conventional wisdom, pasteurized juices are practically as useful as freshly squeezed. True, people with a diseased digestive tract should use juices with caution. If you have a juicer at home, you can make juices from almost any fruit, vegetables and berries.
6. Dried fruits and nuts
Sweet tooths will be able to satisfy your hunger for goodies with nuts and dried fruits. Raisins, dried apricots, prunes, nuts will give a pleasant taste to many lean dishes, and as separate dishes will serve as an indispensable dessert. On the benefits of dried fruit is not necessary to speak. Such valuable trace elements as calcium, iron, magnesium, as well as fiber and pectin are present in dried fruits in full, it is a real concentrate of useful substances. For example, eating five prunes, figs, dates or dried apricots a day, you forget about problems with the intestines.
Fresh and dried herbs can improve the taste of any Lenten dish. Add to this those vitamins that are contained in greens and which are so lacking in the body in March, and do not forget to buy an "extra" bunch of parsley.
Cabbage, peppers, tomatoes, carrots - these vegetables can be eaten raw and they are a real source of live vitamins. The most useful, as doctors believe, dark green and yellow-red vegetables. Zucchini, beets and other boiled vegetables will perfectly fit into your menu as side dishes, main dishes or salads (for example, vinaigrette).
Coarse bread (not baking) saturate the body accustomed to abundance. True, it is better to choose dietary varieties of bread. Sometimes coarse ground bread can be difficult to distinguish, since the presence of sesame seeds and the dark color of the bread itself are not yet obliged to indicate its “roughness”. The best way to determine the bread grinding on the eye is to look at its cut. It is believed that the more inclusions in it, differing in color and texture from the main test, the more coarse the grinding. It should be noted that wholemeal rye bread is not recommended for people with high acidity, as it contributes to the appearance of heartburn. In the case of frequent heartburn it is best to choose bread from yeast-free dough, such as pita bread or dietary bread.
Probably the main source of vegetable proteins, along with legumes, are mushrooms. They contain many proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, mineral salts. In mushrooms there are enzymes and vitamin C, as well as salts of potassium, magnesium, iron, and in terms of the phosphorus content, mushrooms can be equalized to fish products.
Via internet & wiki